John Roger Smalley AM (26 July 1943 – 18 August 2015) was an Anglo-Australian composer, pianist and conductor. Professor Smalley was a senior honorary research fellow at the School of Music, University of Western Australia in Perth and honorary research associate at the University of Sydney.
Smalley was born in Swinton, Lancashire, England. He studied at the Royal College of Music in London with Antony Hopkins (piano), Peter Racine Fricker and John White (both composition) (Mark 2001). In addition, he studied with Alexander Goehr at Morley College, and attended Karlheinz Stockhausen's Cologne Course for New Music in 1965–66, as well as Pierre Boulez's Darmstadt summer course in 1965 (Mark 2001).
Smalley was appointed in 1967 as the first Composer in Residence at King's College Cambridge. In 1969 Smalley and his successor at King's Tim Souster formed the live-electronic group Intermodulation. Over the next six years Intermodulation toured widely in the UK, West Germany, Poland, France and Iran, with a repertoire which included not only works by Souster and Smalley, but also music by Cornelius Cardew, Terry Riley, Frederic Rzewski, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Christian Wolff and others. Intermodulation also appeared on the occasions at the BBC Promenade Concerts, where among other works it performed Smalley's Beat Music for electronic ensemble and orchestra, and his Monody for piano and electronics (1974) (Anon 2017).
In 1974 Smalley was invited to take up a three-month residency at the University of Western Australia. He returned two years later to take up a permanent position at the university's music school. Basing himself in Australia, he took Australian citizenship in 1990. On his retirement in 2007, Smalley was named Emeritus Professor at UWA (Anon 2017).
Smalley died at the age of 72 on 18 August 2015, after a long struggle with Parkinson's disease; at its onset he regretted that he could no longer play the piano, noting that "I know what I have to play, but my fingers won't let me do it" (Anon. 2015; Anon 2017; Bevis 2015; Paget and Boon 2015).
Smalley was married to Sarah Roe, from whom he was later divorced; they had two children (Anon 2017).
Smalley's compositions have been performed and broadcast worldwide. He received commissions from many organisations including the BBC, ABC Television, West German Radio, Perth International Arts Festival, London Sinfonietta, Australian Chamber Orchestra, Australian String Quartet, Grainger Quartet, Fires of London, Flederman, Nova Ensemble, Seymour Group and Australia Ensemble. His works and performances feature on over 20 commercially released CDs, among them ABC Classics, Tall Poppies and Melba Recordings.
His first Piano Concerto, a BBC commission for European Music Year (1985), was the recommended work in the annual UNESCO International Rostrum of Composers in 1987, the first time an Australian entry succeeded to first place (Smalley 1988; Smalley 2003).
In his later works, Smalley often incorporated fragments of music by Romantic composers into his works (Mark 2011). Examples include Chopin in the Oboe Concerto, Schumann in the Cello Concerto (Smalley 2003), and Brahms in the Piano Quartet Crepuscule (Mark 2011). The String Quartet No. 2 (2000) and the Piano Quintet (2003) incorporate melodies from mazurkas by Frédéric Chopin.
Smalley's orchestral piece Birthday Tango (later retitled Footwork) received the APRA Classical Music Award 2007 in the category "Best Composition by an Australian Composer" (Anon. 2007). These awards are presented annually by the Australasian Performing Right Association (APRA) and Australian Music Centre (AMC) (Anon. 2010).
In addition to his work as a composer, Smalley was recognised as a distinguished pianist, especially noted for his performance of contemporary as well as 18th and 19th century music. Early in his career he was a prizewinner in the Gaudeamus Competition for interpreters of contemporary music (1966) and won the Harriet Cohen Award for contemporary music performance in 1968 (Anon 2017).
Works by Roger Smalley include:
- Echo II for cello and digital delays (1978)
- Pulses for 5x4 players
- Symphony (1979–81)
- Piano Concerto No. 1 (1984–85)
- Variations on a Theme of Chopin for piano (1988–89)
- Piano Trio (1990–91)
- Poles Apart (1992)
- Trio for clarinet, viola and piano (1992–99)
- Oboe Concerto (1995–96)
- Crepuscule, for piano quartet (1998–99)
- String Quartet No. 2 (1999–2000)
- Horn Trio (2000–2002)
- Piano Quintet (2003)
- Piano Concerto No. 2 (2004)
- Contrabassoon Concerto
- Suite for two violins (2007)
- Anon. 2007. "2007 Winners". APRA/AMCOS website. (Accessed 3 May 2010).
- Anon. 2010. "Classical Awards". APRA Australasian Performing Right Association | Australasian Mechanical Copyright Owners Society (AMCOS) website (April). (Accessed 3 May 2010).
- Anon. 2015. "Roger Smalley (26 July 1943–18 August 2015)". ClassicalMusicMagazine.org (18 August) (accessed 18 August 2015).
- Anon. 2017. "Obituary: John Roger Smalley." King's College, Cambridge: Annual Report 2016, pp. 117-120. Cambridge: King's College.
- Australian Government. 2001. "It's an Honour: Australians Celebrating Australians: Smalley, Roger, Centenary Medal" (1 January). (Accessed 25 January 2011)
- Australian Government. 2011. "It's an Honour: Australians Celebrating Australians: Smalley, Roger, Member of the Order of Australia" (26 January). (Accessed 25 January 2011)
- Bevis, Stephen. 2015. Composer Roger Smalley Dies. The West Australian (18 August).
- Karolyi, Otto. 1994. Modern British Music: The Second British Musical Renaissance—From Elgar to P. Maxwell Davies. Rutherford, Madison, Teaneck: Farleigh Dickinson University Press; London and Toronto: Associated University Presses. ISBN 0-8386-3532-6.
- Mark, Christopher. 2001. Smalley, (John) Roger. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
- Mark, Christopher. 2011. Smalley, (John) Roger. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. Accessed August 25, 2015.
- Mark, Christopher. 2012. Roger Smalley: A Case Study of Late Twentieth-Century Composition. Farnham, Surrey; Burlington, VT: Ashgate. ISBN 978-1-4094-2411-6 (cloth); ISBN 978-1-4094-4199-1 (ebook).
- Paget, Clive, and Maxim Boon. 2015. "Roger Smalley AM Has Died". Limelight: Australia's Classical Miusic and Arts Magazine (19 August).
- Smalley, Roger. 1988. Piano Concerto / Symphony (liner notes). West Australian Symphony Orchestra, Roger Smalley (piano), Diego Masson (cond.) / Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Patrick Thomas (cond.). Piano Concerto recorded 19 February 1987, Basil Kirke Studio, Perth, Australia; Symphony recorded 13–14 February 1985, at A.B.C. Studio 225, Sydney, Australia. CD recording, 1 disc: digital, 12 cm. Oz Music OZM 1001.
- Smalley, Roger. 2003. Kaleidoscope / Oboe Concerto / Cello Concerto / Ten Poems for Chamber Orchestra (liner notes). West Australian Symphony Orchestra, Roger Smalley, Joel Marangella, Raphael Wallfisch. Recorded Feb 1997-April 2003. ABC Classics 980 047-5, 1 compact disc.
- Thönell, Judy (ed.). 1994. Poles Apart: The Music of Roger Smalley. Perth, Western Australia: Evos Music; Nedlands, Australia: CIRCME, School of Music, the University of Western Australia. ISBN 0-86422-352-8.