Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester

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Arms of De Quincy: Gules, seven mascles or 3,3,1

Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester (c.1195 – 25 April 1264[1][2]), Hereditary Constable of Scotland, was an Anglo-Norman nobleman prominent in England and Scotland.

Origins[edit]

He was the second son and eventual heir of Saer de Quincy, 1st Earl of Winchester by his wife Margaret de Beaumont (d.1235). He bore arms different from his father's.

Career[edit]

He probably joined his father on the Fifth Crusade in 1219, where the elder de Quincy fell sick and died. His elder brother having died a few years earlier, Roger thus inherited his father's titles and estates, which latter he did not take possession of until February 1221, probably due to his absence on crusade. He did not formally become earl until after the death of his mother in 1235.[citation needed] Having inherited by his first mariage the office of Hereditary Constable of Scotland and one-third of the lordship of Galloway, Roger ruled his portion of Galloway strictly. The Galwegians rebelled under Gille Ruadh, not wanting their land divided, but the rebellion was suppressed by King Alexander II of Scotland. The Galwegians revolted again in 1247, forcing Roger to take refuge in a castle. Faced with a siege and little chance of relief, Roger and a few men fought their way out and rode off to seek help from Alexander, who raised forces to suppress the rebellion. In the following years Roger was one of the leaders of the baronial opposition to King Henry III of England, although he fought for Henry against the Welsh in the 1250s and 1260s.

Marriages & progeny[edit]

Roger married thrice but produced no male progeny:

Death & succession[edit]

He died without male progeny and therefore the earldom of Winchester became extinct. His estates were divided between his three daughters and co-heiresses.

References[edit]

  •  William Hunt (1896). "Quincy, Saer de". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 47. London: Smith, Elder & Co.  (Roger de Quincy is a subarticle in his father's article.)
  • Grant G. Simpson, “An Anglo-Scottish Baron of the Thirteenth century: the Acts of Roger de Quincy Earl of Winchester and Constable of Scotland” (Unpublished PhD Thesis, Edinburgh 1963).

Notes[edit]

  1. ^  William Hunt (1896). "Quincy, Saer de". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 47. London: Smith, Elder & Co.  His dates are given as 1195?-1265 at the beginning of the subarticle, but his death date is given as 25 April 1264 near the bottom of the page.
  2. ^ Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families, "ROGER de Quincy (-25 Apr 1264, bur [Brackley])"
  3. ^ Stewart, John, LL.D., & Burnett, George, Lord Lyon, editors, "The Exchequer Rolls of Scotland", vol.1, 1264-1359, Edinburgh, 1878, pps:33 & 45.
Preceded by
Saer de Quincy
Earl of Winchester Succeeded by
Title extinct