Rogerstone

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Rogerstone
Rogerstone is located in Newport
Rogerstone
Rogerstone
Location within Newport
Population10,158 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid referenceST271885
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Historic countyMonmouthshire
Post townNEWPORT
Postcode districtNP10
Dialling code01633
PoliceGwent
FireSouth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Newport
51°35′26″N 3°03′13″W / 51.59061°N 3.05371°W / 51.59061; -3.05371Coordinates: 51°35′26″N 3°03′13″W / 51.59061°N 3.05371°W / 51.59061; -3.05371
Rogerstone library

Rogerstone (Welsh: Tŷ du, meaning "Black house") is a large village, ward and community (parish) in the suburb of the city of Newport, southeastern Wales. The area is governed by Newport City Council. The village falls within the ancient parish of Bassaleg and historic county of Monmouthshire.

The parish lies at the gateway to the Sirhowy valley, to the north of Newport on the eastern side of the Ebbw River.[2] It is bounded by the M4 motorway to the south, the Ebbw River to the west, the Henllys Vale to the east and the city boundary with Caerphilly county borough to the north.

Rogerstone railway station is on the Ebbw Valley Railway. It opened on 6 February 2008 and links Ebbw Vale to Cardiff Central via Rogerstone. Pye Corner railway station, to the south of the ward and on the same line, was opened on 14 December 2014.

History[edit]

The original settlement dates back to Norman times when Rogerstone Castle was built in the early part of the 12th century.[citation needed] The name is said to originate from Roger de Haia, the Norman Lord who was responsible for the building of the castle, the remains of which are reduced to a low bush and tree covered motte opposite Criddle's garage on the lower section of Tregwilym Road.[citation needed] The Welsh name for Rogerstone "Tŷ Du" translates to English as "Black House", though no one is entirely sure why it has this name.[citation needed]

The larger parish of Rogerstone started as two distinct settlements of Tregwilym and Tydu, Tregwilym taking its name from the land owner, William de Berkerolles.[citation needed] These hamlets remained predominantly rural until the advent of the industrial revolution. The population grew in response to the tin, iron and aluminium industries which flourished near the South Wales coalfield. At one point, the village boasted the longest aluminium rolling mill in Western Europe and one of the largest marshalling yards on the Great Western Railway network.[citation needed]

The village played host to John Frost and his fellow Chartists on their historic march from the valleys to Newport. The Welsh Oak public house just north of the parish was one of the key meeting points for the protestors before they set off through the parish towards the Westgate Hotel and the events that culminated in the Newport Rising.

The parish sits astride the Crumlin branch of the Monmouthshire Canal and plays host to the Fourteen Locks.[3] The canal opened in 1798 but was dogged by water supply problems and competition from the railways and by 1930, it had finally succumbed. It has since been restored and is a popular local attraction.

Rogerstone Library is part of Newport City Council's library service, and is officially titled Rogerstone Library and Information Centre. The building was opened in 1905 as a Carnegie Library.

Rogerstone power station was commissioned in 1958 by the Central Electricity Generating Board, after only three years work on the site.[4] It comprised two C.A. Parsons 60 MW turbo-alternators with a net electricity output capability of 114 MW.[5] The Babcock & Wilcox coal-fired pulverised fuel boilers produced 138 kg/s of steam delivered to the turbines at 62.1 bar and 482 °C.[5] Cooling for the station was by water from the River Ebbw and two reinforced concrete cooling towers each with a capacity of 2.25 million gallons per hour (2.84 m3/s). There was a single chimney. It was the first station in the UK to use aluminium cladding.[4]

The generating capacity and electricity output from the station was as follows.[6][5][7][8]

Rogerstone electricity capacity and output
Year Capacity MW Output GWh
1958 112 221.396
1960 120 846.663
1961 120 910.247
1962 120 840.604
1963 120 664.277
1972 126 501.896
1979 120 307.899
1981 120 211.666
1982 120 260.918

The station was decommissioned in the late 1980s; and the boiler house, cooling towers and chimney were demolished in 1991.[9] The Afon Village housing development now occupies the site.

Modern-day Rogerstone[edit]

The designation of the Rogerstone section of the canal as part of the National Cycle Network (route 47) and more recent efforts to restore parts of the canal have made the site a popular tourist attraction. Funding for this work was provided by the Heritage Lottery Fund. The site houses the Fourteen Locks Canal Centre,[10] which was the subject of an arson attack in 2011[11] that ruined the inside of the centre. It has now been fully refurbished and is open to the public.

The area contains a number of other popular open spaces including the Welfare Grounds[12] and the Mescoed Mawr woodlands.[13]

Rogerstone was traditionally an industrial, working-class village, but housing developments such as Afon Village, on the site of the former power station and Jubilee Park, on the site of the former Novelis aluminium works, have added more than 2,000 dwellings and an ever-increasing middle-class population. This has been influenced by its proximity to the M4 motorway and the Ebbw Valley Railway.

In 2005, Warburtons opened a new bakery in the village, to supply bakery products across South Wales. However, after the financial crisis of 2007 to 2008, in 2010, the company announced the closure of the facility, and the loss of 140 jobs. The plant was later bought by local family owned Brace's Bakery.[14]

The Tiny Rebel microbrewery is based in Rogerstone and opened their £2.6 million brewery and bar at the Wern Industrial Estate in 2017.[15] Planning permission was given in 2019 for the addition of a new distribution centre at the site.[16]

There are four primary schools within Rogerstone; Rogerstone Primary,[17] Mount Pleasant Primary,[18] High Cross Primary[19] and Jubilee Park Primary.[20] Secondary education for the area is largely provided at Bassaleg School in the neighbouring Graig, Newport ward.

In 2014, President of the United States Barack Obama and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Cameron visited pupils at Mount Pleasant Primary[21] as part of the events surrounding the 2014 NATO summit at the nearby Celtic Manor Resort. To commemorate the event, one of the streets at the nearby Jubilee Park housing development was subsequently named Obama Grove.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Newport ward 2011". Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Geograph:: Grazing, above Rogerstone © Roger Cornfoot". www.geograph.org.uk.
  3. ^ "Geograph:: Fourteen Locks Canal Centre © Robin Drayton cc-by-sa/2.0". www.geograph.org.uk.
  4. ^ a b The Electricity Council (1987). Electricity Supply in the United Kingdom: a Chronology. London: The Electricity Council. p. 74. ISBN 085188105X.
  5. ^ a b c Central Electricity Generating Board (1981). CEGB Statistical Yearbook 1980-81. London: CEGB. p. 7.
  6. ^ Garrett, Frederick C. (ed) (1959). Garcke's Manual of Electricity Supply vol.56. London: Electrical Press. pp. A-89, A-132.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  7. ^ CEGB (1972). CEGB Statistical Yearbook 1972. London: CEGB. p. 11.
  8. ^ GEGB Annual report and accounts, various years
  9. ^ "Rogerstone power station". Coflein. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  10. ^ "Fourteen Locks Canal Centre: Monmouthshire, Brecon and Abergavenny Canals Trust". Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Fire probe at Rogerstone's Fourteen Locks Canal Centre". BBC News. 12 November 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Rogerstone Community Council Welfare Grounds". Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  13. ^ "Mescoed Mawr: Ordnance Survey Get Outside". Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Braces confirms purchase of Warburtons site at Rogerstone Newport". Brace's Bakery. 14 February 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011.
  15. ^ "Behind the scenes at the new £2.6m Tiny Rebel Brewery in Rogerstone". South Wales Argus. 21 June 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  16. ^ "Tiny Rebel expansion plans get the go-ahead". South Wales Argus. 6 November 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  17. ^ "Rogerstone Primary School/Ysgol Gynradd Tŷ du". Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  18. ^ "Mount Pleasant Primary School/Ysgol Gynradd Bryn Hyfryd". Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  19. ^ "High Cross Primary School/Ysgol Gynradd High Cross". Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  20. ^ "Jubilee Park Primary School/Ysgol Gynradd Parc Jiwbilî". Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Barack Obama visits Mount Pleasant Primary School". Wales Online. 4 September 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2021.

External links[edit]