Rohr was first mentioned in 815. A Benedictine monastery was established in the 9th century and a Carolingian church, St. Michaels, was built. The monastery lasted for about 100 years but the church survives today. In 1206 a Benedictine convent was established outside of town. The convent was closely associated with the House of Henneberg and to a lesser degree with the Bibra family especially in the 14th century. Kloster Rohr was abandoned after reformation and is now a technical school. The shell of the former church was renovated into a modern building in the 2000s.
WERNER WAGENHÖFER, Grablegen des Niederadels im Spätmittelalterlichen Franken - das Beispiel der Bibra, Wirtschaft - Gesellschaft - Mentalitäten im Mittelalter, Festschrift zum 75. Geburtstag von Rolf Sprandel, Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart, 2006 ISBN 3-515-08882-2, ISBN 978-3-515-08882-4, Pages.335-359.