Rohrersville, Maryland

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Rohrersville, Maryland
CDP
The Rohrersville Band Hall in 2012
The Rohrersville Band Hall in 2012
Location of Rohrersville, Maryland
Location of Rohrersville, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°26.3′N 77°39.8′W / 39.4383°N 77.6633°W / 39.4383; -77.6633Coordinates: 39°26.3′N 77°39.8′W / 39.4383°N 77.6633°W / 39.4383; -77.6633
Country United States
State Maryland
County Washington
Area
 • Total 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
 • Land 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 630 ft (192 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 170
 • Density 204.0/sq mi (78.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 21779
Area code(s) 301
FIPS code 24-67950
GNIS feature ID 0594216

Rohrersville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Washington County, Maryland, United States. The population was 175 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

The first settlers to arrive in the vicinity of Rohrersville began to survey land tracts in the 1730s. "Park Hall," a tract of 1,550 acres, encompassing the present village of Rohrersville, was patented in 1732 by William Parks, and resurveyed in 1766 to Alexander Grimm.[1] Also in 1766, Frederick Rohrer, a French immigrant, settled near the present village. His sons Daniel and Samuel established a grist mill which led to the formation of the village in the 1810s and 20s. The name Rohrersville first appears in 1836.

By the 1860s, Rohrersville had grown into a bustling commercial center for the surrounding farms of Pleasant Valley. A map of 1859 shows the growing number of businesses and residences in the town. In addition to the grist mill, the town also had a thriving marble industry, and a quarry was situated nearby to serve the business of William McCoy, who founded the town's most widely known institution, the Rohrersville Cornet Band, in 1837. By 1867, Rohrersville was serviced by the Washington County Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The rail line was started at Weverton, located at the southern end of Pleasant Valley, shortly after the Civil War, and ran through Pleasant Valley northwest to Hagerstown, where it connected to the other rail lines that converged there. The arrival of the railroad heralded a second era of prosperity for Rohrersville and many of the buildings in the village, displaying a variety of Victorian architectural styles, date to this period.

Main Street in Rohrersville

The first church in Rohrersville, a log structure open to the use of several congregations, was built in 1842 on the site of the present town cemetery.[2] The cornerstone for the present Bethel United Methodist Church (Formerly Bethel United Brethren Church) was laid on July 24, 1871. This is the oldest house of worship standing in Rohrersville today. The former St. Mark's Lutheran Church, a brick structure built in Gothic Revival Style, was built in 1879. A second United Brethren Church was erected in the village in 1888, just down the street from Bethel Church. This congregation ceased operation in 2009 and the building has since been used by the Church of the Savior congregation. The village also had an Elementary School that operated in at least four different buildings before closing in 1978. This building is today used by the Rohrersville Ruritan Club, a community service organization, which was formed in 1952.

Kefauver Place was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2005.[3]

Geography[edit]

Rohrersville is located at 39°26.3′N 77°39.8′W / 39.4383°N 77.6633°W / 39.4383; -77.6633 (39.4379, -77.6635).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 170 people, 61 households, and 48 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 204.0 people per square mile (79.1/km²). There were 64 housing units at an average density of 76.8/sq mi (29.8/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 100.00% White.

There were 61 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.7% were non-families. 11.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 26.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $61,607, and the median income for a family was $61,250. Males had a median income of $46,354 versus $26,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,323. None of the families and 8.8% of the population were living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 54.5% of those over 64.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tracey, Dr. Arthur G. "Land Patents of Washington County, MD. Showing their location on the land-their adjoining tracts- the relationship one to another-plus other related information.". MDLANDREC. Maryland Historic Trust. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  2. ^ Scharf, J. Thomas (1882). History of Western Maryland: Being a History of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett Counties from the Earliest Period to the Present Day. Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts. p. 1276. Retrieved May 25, 2015. 
  3. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.