Roi Et Province

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Roi Et
ร้อยเอ็ด
Province
Phra Phuttha Rattana Mongkhon Maha Muni or Luang Pho Yai, Wat Burapha Phiram (Wat Hua Ro)
Phra Phuttha Rattana Mongkhon Maha Muni or Luang Pho Yai, Wat Burapha Phiram (Wat Hua Ro)
Official seal of Roi Et
Seal
Map of Thailand highlighting Roi Et Province
Map of Thailand highlighting Roi Et Province
Country Thailand
Capital Roi Et
Government
 • Governor Somsak Changtrakul (since 2014)
Area
 • Total 8,299.4 km2 (3,204.4 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 23rd
Elevation 150 m (490 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,308,318
 • Rank Ranked 11th
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
 • Density rank Ranked 23rd
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
ISO 3166 code TH-45
Website http://www.roiet.go.th/2013/

Roi Et (Thai: ร้อยเอ็ด, pronounced [rɔ́ːj ʔèt]) is one of the provinces (changwat) of Thailand, in the northeast of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Kalasin, Mukdahan, Yasothon, Sisaket, Surin, and Maha Sarakham.

Name[edit]

The name of the province literally means "one hundred and one" (ร้อยเอ็ด roi et). Correctly, the number should be "eleven" (สิบเอ็ด sip et), as the province was named after its eleven ancient gates built for its eleven vassal states. In olden times, the number "eleven" was written "๑๐๑" (101) and the province name was so written. Later, people misunderstood that "๑๐๑" was "one hundred and one" and have since incorrectly called it Roi Et.[1]

Geography[edit]

Most of the province is covered by plains about 130–160 meters above sea level, drained by the Chi River. In the north are the hills of the Phu Phan mountain range. The Yang River is the major watercourse. In the south is the Mun River, which also forms the boundary with Surin. At the mouth of the Chi River, where it enters the Mun River, a floodplain provides a good rice farming area.

Roi Et National Museum

History[edit]

The area was already settled at the time of the Khmer empire, as several ruins show. However, the main history of the province began when Lao people from Champasak settled near Suwannaphum during the Ayutthaya Kingdom. In the late 18th century, King Taksin moved the city to its present site, then called Saket Nakhon.[2]

Symbols[edit]

The provincial seal shows the shrine of the city pillar, which is in the artificial lake Bueng Phalan Chai. The spirit of the shrine, Mahesak, is revered by local people.

The provincial tree is Lagerstroemia macrocarpa.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Roi Et (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
32.6
(90.7)
34.7
(94.5)
35.7
(96.3)
34.2
(93.6)
33.1
(91.6)
32.4
(90.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.4
(88.5)
31.1
(88)
30.5
(86.9)
29.3
(84.7)
32.25
(90.06)
Average low °C (°F) 17.2
(63)
19.8
(67.6)
22.7
(72.9)
24.8
(76.6)
25.0
(77)
25.2
(77.4)
25.0
(77)
24.8
(76.6)
24.5
(76.1)
23.0
(73.4)
20.1
(68.2)
17.3
(63.1)
22.45
(72.41)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 3.6
(0.142)
19.2
(0.756)
41.2
(1.622)
75.9
(2.988)
186.1
(7.327)
223.5
(8.799)
195.9
(7.713)
252.2
(9.929)
219.8
(8.654)
107.3
(4.224)
15.2
(0.598)
2.1
(0.083)
1,342
(52.835)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 1 2 3 8 15 16 15 18 18 9 2 1 108
Average relative humidity (%) 65 63 61 65 73 76 77 80 81 77 70 66 71.2
Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Ave. rainy days 1961-1990)

Administrative divisions[edit]

Map of Amphoe
Roi Et City Hall, view from Phalan Chai pond

The province is subdivided into 20 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 193 subdistricts (tambon) and 2,311 villages (muban).

  1. Mueang Roi Et
  2. Kaset Wisai
  3. Pathum Rat
  4. Chaturaphak Phiman
  5. Thawat Buri
  6. Phanom Phrai
  7. Phon Thong
  8. Pho Chai
  9. Nong Phok
  10. Selaphum
  1. Suwannaphum
  2. Mueang Suang
  3. Phon Sai
  4. At Samat
  5. Moei Wadi
  6. Si Somdet
  7. Changhan
  8. Chiang Khwan
  9. Nong Hi
  10. Thung Khao Luang

References[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Institute of Thailand (2010). Kotmai Tra Sam Duang Phra Thamnun (Chabap Ratchabandittayasathan) กฎหมายตราสามดวง พระทำนูน (ฉบับราชบัณฑิตยสถาน) [The Code of the Three Great Seals: The Judicial Statute (Royal Institute Version)] (in Thai). Bangkok: Royal Institute of Thailand. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9786167073118. 
  2. ^ "Roi Et". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 21 June 2015. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 16°3′12″N 103°39′9″E / 16.05333°N 103.65250°E / 16.05333; 103.65250