Roi Et Province
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Phra Phuttharattanamongkhon Maha Muni or Luang Pho Yai, Wat Burapha Phiram (Wat Hua Ro)
Map of Thailand highlighting Roi Et Province
|• Governor||Sarit Withun (since October 2016)|
|• Total||8,299.4 km2 (3,204.4 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 23rd|
|Elevation||150 m (490 ft)|
|• Rank||Ranked 11th|
|• Density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||Ranked 23rd|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-45|
Roi Et (Thai: ร้อยเอ็ด, pronounced [rɔ́ːj ʔèt]) is one of the northeastern provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from north clockwise) Kalasin, Mukdahan, Yasothon, Sisaket, Surin, and Maha Sarakham.
The name of the province literally means 'one hundred and one' (Thai: ร้อยเอ็ด; RTGS: roi et ). Correctly, the number should be "eleven" (Thai: สิบเอ็ด; RTGS: sip et ), as the province was named after its eleven ancient gates built for its eleven vassal states. In ancient times, the number "eleven" was written "๑๐๑" (101) and the provincial name was written accordingly. Later, people took "๑๐๑" to mean 'one hundred and one' and have since then called it "Roi Et".
Most of the province is covered by plains about 130–160 meters above sea level, drained by the Chi River. In the north are the hills of the Phu Phan mountain range. The Yang River is the major watercourse. In the south is the Mun River, which also forms the boundary with Surin. At the mouth of the Chi River, where it enters the Mun River, a floodplain provides a good rice farming area.
The area was already settled at the time of the Khmer empire, as several ruins show. However, the main history of the province began when Lao people from Champasak settled near Suwannaphum during the Ayutthaya Kingdom. In the late-18th century, King Taksin moved the city to its present site, then called Saket Nakhon.
The provincial tree is Lagerstroemia macrocarpa.
Route 214 leads north to Kalasin and south to Kaset Wiset, Surin, and Prasat. Route 2044 leads east to Phon Thong. Route 23 leads west to Maha Sarakham and Ban Phai, and east to Yasothon and Ubon Ratchathani. Route 215 leads south to Suwannaphum and the border with Surin Province.
- Royal Institute of Thailand (2010). Kotmai Tra Sam Duang Phra Thamnun (Chabap Ratchabandittayasathan) กฎหมายตราสามดวง พระทำนูน (ฉบับราชบัณฑิตยสถาน) [The Code of the Three Great Seals: The Judicial Statute (Royal Institute Version)] (in Thai). Bangkok: Royal Institute of Thailand. pp. 39–40. ISBN 9786167073118.
- "About Roi Et". Tourism Authority of Thailand (TAT). Retrieved 18 August 2019.
- "Rob Muang Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved 4 February 2013.
- Roi Et travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand
- Website of Province (Thai only)