July 10, 1975|
July 26, 2006 (aged 31)|
Bint Jbeil, Southern Lebanon
|Unit||Battalion 51 of the Golani Brigade|
|Commands held||Deputy battalion commander|
South Lebanon conflict|
2006 Lebanon War
|Awards||Medal of Courage|
Roi Klein (Hebrew: רועי קליין; IPA: [ʁoˈʕi klain]; (July 10, 1975—July 26, 2006) was an Israeli major in the Golani Brigade of the Israeli Defense Forces (and one of its most highly decorated soldiers) who died during the 2006 Lebanon War. Klein was killed in the Battle of Bint Jbeil after jumping on a grenade to save his fellow soldiers.
Klein was born and raised in Raanana, Israel. His parents, Aharon and Shoshana Klein, were Holocaust survivors. His father's side originated from Germany and fled to Israel at the onset of World War II. Most of his mother's family was killed in the Holocaust.
Klein was involved in the Bnei Akiva youth movement as a teenager. He excelled in his studies at the Amit Technological High School, completing his mathematics matriculation in 10th grade, and took a few undergraduate mathematics courses during high school. After graduating high school, he studied at the Bnei David mechina (pre-military preparatory school). He studied Jewish religious texts and took part in hard physical training to prepare for his service. As his service approached he increased his physical training, and embarked on long-distance runs from Raanana to Netanya.
Later life and military service
Klein was drafted into the IDF in August 1994. He was accepted into the Paratroopers Brigade. During this time, the South Lebanon conflict was happening, with the IDF fighting Lebanese guerrillas in the Israeli security zone in southern Lebanon. To counter guerrilla attacks, the IDF set up the elite Egoz Reconnaissance Unit, an elite unit of the Golani Brigade, which was to conduct raids against guerrillas, and Roi's unit was among those selected to be its founding members. As a result, Klein became a member of the Golani Brigade, and would rise through its ranks. Klein served in the southern Lebanon security zone before being honorably discharged from the army in August 1998.
After his discharge, Klein returned to the mechina, where he devoted himself to Torah study for a year, then went on a two-month tour of Africa. When he returned to Israel, he accepted an offer from Hagai Mordechai, the commander of the Egoz Unit, to return to service and supervise training procedures in the unit. One year later, he re-entered military service as the Egoz Unit's training platoon commander. He built a training plan that would subsequently become the model for the Egoz Unit. During the Israeli withdrawal from southern Lebanon in 2000, Roi was leading a final mission in the Bint Jbeil area, leading a unit of Egoz cadets on a stakeout on the request of Hagai Mordechai so the trainees could experience "a taste of Lebanon", and were left behind by the premature IDF withdrawal, leaving them trapped in Lebanon. The unit was ultimately extracted by helicopter.
In 2002, Klein met his future wife Sarah, originally from Denmark, through mutual friends, and married shortly after. The couple moved to the West Bank and built a home in the Israeli outpost of Hayovel, near the settlement of Eli. The couple had two sons: Gilad and Yoav.
That same year, Klein began to study for a degree in Industrial Engineering and Management as part of a special program for military personnel, in which the army would pay for his tuition. Despite having been accepted into the Technion, one of Israel's most prestigious universities, Klein instead chose to study at the Ariel University Center of Samaria in the West Bank settlement of Ariel so he could continue to live in Hayovel and pursue religious studies at the kollel in Eli. He excelled in his engineering studies, and qualified for the honors' scholarship every year, meaning the army did not need to pay his tuition. He graduated with honors.
In 2006, Klein was appointed deputy commander of the 51st Battalion of the Golani Brigade, a position he held at the time of his death.
Death in action
During the 2006 Lebanon War, Klein and his unit took part in the Battle of Bint Jbeil. During a Hezbollah ambush, a hand grenade was thrown over the wall that was between Hezbollah militants, and Klein and his unit. Klein jumped on the live grenade and muffled the explosion with his body. The soldiers reported that Klein recited the Jewish prayer, Shema Yisrael, as he jumped on the grenade. After the grenade exploded and critically wounded him, he reported his own death, yelling "Klein's dead, Klein's dead" over the radio. In the following minutes, as he lay dying, he ordered soldiers who came to administer first aid and evacuate him to focus on Lieutenant Amichai Merhavia, another soldier who had been hit (and later died also) instead. He then handed over his encoded radio to another officer, who took command of the force, and died.  According to The Telegraph he yelled "Long live Israel", although this was probably a misinterpretation of "Shema Yisrael".
Roi Klein became a symbol for heroism in Israel. New schools in Netanya and Raanana have been named after him. Institutions named after Klein exist throughout Israel, and Torah scrolls were written in his honor.
Klein's home was among 12 homes that were subject to a petition by the Israeli group Peace Now demanding they be demolished, claiming they were built on private Palestinian land. In July 2009, the Israel High Court of Justice ordered the demolition of Klein's home, where his family was still residing, among the 11 other homes. Klein's home was ultimately the only one spared: 10 other homes and part of the 11th were demolished in 2015.
In 2016, Klein's widow Sarah married Rabbi Yigal Levinstein, who had been one of Klein's teachers.
- "Dead soldier's West Bank home at risk". United Press International. July 14, 2009. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Lazaroff, Tovah; Dan Izenberg (July 17, 2009). "Family of Golani hero may lose home". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Meotti, Giulio (2010). A New Shoah: The Untold Story of Israel's Victims of Terrorism. Encounter Books. p. 386. ISBN 978-1-59403-477-0.
- Katz, Yossi (2010). A Voice Called: Stories of Jewish Heroism. Gefen Publishing House. p. 193. ISBN 978-965-229-480-7.
- Butcher, Tom (9 August 2007). "Israel honours bravery of armed forces". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Lubotzky, Asael (2016). From the Wilderness and Lebanon. Koren Publishers Jerusalem. p. 56-57. ISBN 978-1592644179.
- Netanya weekly, 22/08/2006 Archived 2007-03-12 at the Wayback Machine. (in Hebrew)
- HaLevi, Ezra. "'Medal of Courage' to be Awarded to Fallen Maj. Ro'i Klein". Artuz Sheva. Israel National News. Retrieved December 24, 2011.