Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Tapi Chanakya|
|Produced by||C. V. R. Prasad|
|Screenplay by||Kondepudi Lakshminarayana|
C. V. R. Prasad
|Starring||Akkineni Nageswara Rao|
|Music by||Master Venu|
Rojulu Marayi (lit. The days have changed) is a 1955 Indian Telugu-language drama film produced by C. V. Ramakrishna Prasad and directed by Tapi Chanakya. It stars Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Sowcar Janaki in the lead roles and music composed by Master Venu. The story is set in a native village environment and portrays the changing times. The film is the debut of Waheeda Rehman in the film industry.
Kotaiah is an honest poor farmer who has a son Venu and daughter Bharathi. Sagaraiah is the zamindar in the village who gives loans for high interest and when the farmers fail to pay he grabs their lands. With the help of Karanam Sambaiah and Rowdy Poolaiah, Sagaraiah grabs the lands in false names. Retired military man Ratnam and his daughter Radha also live in the same village. After an initial misunderstanding with Venu, Radha falls in love with him and marries him. Venu tells all about Sagaraiah in front of the collector and distributes the land to the real owners. Here Sagaraiah creates differences between Kotaiah and Venu. The rest of the story is how Venu solves his problems and arrange his sister's marriage with Gopalam (Vallam Narasimha Rao) and sends Sagaraiah to jail.
- Akkineni Nageswara Rao as Venu
- Sowcar Janaki as Radha
- Chilakalapudi Seeta Rama Anjaneyulu as Sagaraiah
- Relangi Venkata Ramaiah as Poolaiah
- Ramana Reddy as Karanam Sambaiah
- Perumallu as Kotaiah
- Seetaram as Ratnam
- Waheeda Rehman as a dancer in the song "Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna"
- Hemalatha Rao as Venu's mother
- Ammaji as Bharathi
Sixteen years after making Raithu Bidda (1939), a film which dealt with the hardships faced by poor peasants under the zamindari rule, the production house Saradhi Studios decided to make another film dealing with similar issues, titled Rojulu Marayi. The producer of the film was C. V. R. Prasad, who also wrote the screenplay with Kondepudi Lakshminarayana and Tapi Chanakya, who was named director. Cinematography was handled by Kamal Ghosh, and editing by Tilak and Akkineni Sanjeevi. Filming took place prominently at the Dandimitta village. When shooting for the film was almost complete, Prasad felt that a celebration song set after the film's harvest scene would add colour to the black and white film. Lyricist Kosaraju Raghavaiah remembered a song he had written for producer Thottempudi Ramaiah's shelved film Paleru, that was composed by Venu. Chanakya and Prasad liked the lyrics and the tune, and Vedantam Jagannatha Sarma suggested Waheeda Rehman, then a dancer, to the makers. She was signed on a remuneration of ₹500 (equivalent to ₹39,000 or US$540 in 2017) for being the dancer in the song, "Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna", and Rojulu Marayi thus marked her feature film debut.
The soundtrack was composed by Master Venu. "Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna" was inspired by the folk song "Ayyo Koyyoda", popularised by Valluri Jagannatha Rao. It was later adapted into many other songs, such as "Summa Kidantha Sothuku Nashtam" from the Tamil film Madurai Veeran (1956) and "Dekhne Me Bhola Hai Mera Salona" from the Hindi film Bombai Ka Babu (1960).
|S. No.||Song Title||Lyrics||Singers||length|
|1||"Oliyo Oli Oliyo Oli"||Kosaraju||Ghantasala||1:57|
|2||"Idiye Haayi Kalupumu"||Tapi Dharma Rao||Ghantasala, Jikki||2:56|
|3||"Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna"||Kosaraju||Jikki||5:19|
|5||"Maaraju Vianavayya"||Tapi Dharma Rao||Ghantasala, Jikki||4:12|
|6||"Chirunavvulu Virise"||Tapi Dharma Rao||Ghantasala, Jikki, Krishna Kumari||3:58|
|7||"Ellipotundi Elli"||Tapi Dharma Rao||Pithapuram||3:40|
Release and reception
Rojulu Marayi was released on 14 April 1955. The film ran for over 25 weeks in theatres, thereby becoming a silver jubilee film. It's 100th day functions were held in the Hyderabad-based Rajeswar theatre and Konda Venkata Ranga Reddy, then the Deputy Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh, presided over the function. The film was later remade in Tamil as Kaalam Maari Pochi (1956), where "Eruvaaka Sagaroranno Chinnanna" was re-used as "Yerupooti Povaye Anne Sinnanne", with Waheeda Rehman returning as dancer.
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