Roland Jupiter-6

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Jupiter-6
Roland Jupiter-6.jpg
Roland Jupiter-6
ManufacturerRoland
Dates1983 - 1985
PriceUS$2995
UK£2250
JP¥490,000
Technical specifications
Polyphony6 voices
Timbrality2
Oscillator2 VCOs per voice
LFO2, 1 in LH control section (sine) / 1 programmable, triangle/sawtooth/square/random
Synthesis typeAnalog Subtractive
Filter1 resonant multi-mode (lowpass/bandpass/hipass) filter
Attenuator2 ADSR
Aftertouch expressionNo
Velocity expressionNo
Storage memory48 tones/32 patches
EffectsNone
Input/output
Keyboard61 keys
External controlMIDI

The Roland Jupiter-6 (JP-6) is a discontinued synthesizer, manufactured and introduced by the Roland Corporation in January 1983.

Background[edit]

Although introduced as a less expensive ($2,500-$3,000 market price) alternative to the Roland Jupiter-8, its features include some capabilities not present in the JP-8, which makes the JP-6 a successor. The Jupiter-6 is widely considered a workhorse among polyphonic analog synthesizers, capable of producing a wide variety of sounds, such as ambient drones, pads, lead synthesizer lines, unison basses and techy blips and buzzes. It is renowned for its reliability and ease, but with sophisticated programmability.

The JP-6 has 12 analog oscillators (2 per voice), and is bitimbral, allowing its keyboard to be "split" into two sounds - one with 4 voices, and one with the remaining 2 voices (either "Split 4/2" or "Split 2/4" mode). "Whole Mode" is also available, dedicating all 6 voices to single (monotimbral) sound across the entire keyboard. Available waveforms include sawtooth, triangle, variable width pulse, square, and noise. Unusually, the JP-6 allows simultaneous selection of any or all of the waveforms in each of its two oscillator banks, an option not found on the JP-8. Oscillator sync and cross modulation are also available. "Unison Mode" allows all 12 oscillators to be triggered simultaneously by depressing a single key. Unison Mode can also be played polyphonically, with the number of oscillators triggered by each key determined by the number of keys held down.

The JP-6 was among the first electronic instruments (alongside the Roland JX-3P and the Sequential Circuits Prophet-600) to feature MIDI, then a brand new technology. Sequential CEO Dave Smith demonstrated MIDI by connecting the Prophet to a Jupiter-6 during the January, 1983 Winter NAMM Show.[1]

Europa, a popular firmware upgrade available from Synthcom Systems, adds a wide array of modern enhancements to the instrument's MIDI implementation, user interface, patch memory, and most especially its arpeggiator, turning the Jupiter-6 into a contemporaneously adaptable instrument and unique composition tool.

Notable users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Billboard. 95 (5): 41. Feb 5, 1983. ISSN 0006-2510. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ "Matt Cox: MIDI Tech For The Chemical Brothers". Sound On Sound. December 2011.
  3. ^ Kirn, Peter (October 31, 2009). "Crystal Method United by Synths Divided by Night". Keyboard Magazine. Say Media. Retrieved June 19, 2018. We’ve always used the Roland Jupiter-6; it’s pretty much a workhorse.
  4. ^ Devo FAQ https://web.archive.org/web/20100305153100/http://cluefree.org/devo/Personnel.shtml
  5. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HmJdvjM6yHE
  6. ^ Backwards and Forwards EP (Aztec Camera), Sire Records, 1985. Liner Notes. Sire Canada LP 92-52851
  7. ^ "Phil Oakey: The Human League". Sound On Sound. April 1995.
  8. ^ "Mike O' Donnell". sodor-island.net. July 20, 2007.
  9. ^ Nathan Fake, FACT, March 2017 http://www.factmag.com/2017/03/12/nathan-fake-providence-interview/
  10. ^ Roland Insider article by Greg Rule http://www.rolandus.com/community/insider/article.php?ArticleId=55&tab=artist
  11. ^ Ray Parker Jr. says he used a Jupiter-6 to create the Ghostbusters theme https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_f-DBedaHh4
  12. ^ "Kevin Saunderson on the Reese Bass, Synths, Software and a Life in Techno". MusicRadar. October 18, 2013.
  13. ^ Rob Preuss on his keyboards http://www.thespoons.ca/forum/viewtopic.php?f=2&t=52&start=15
  14. ^ Clews, Richard. "VANGELIS: Recording At Nemo Studios". Sound On Sound. Archived from the original on 15 June 2016. Retrieved 19 August 2019.

External links[edit]