Rolette County, North Dakota

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Rolette County, North Dakota
Map of North Dakota highlighting Rolette County
Location in the state of North Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting North Dakota
North Dakota's location in the U.S.
Founded October 14, 1884
Seat Rolla
Largest community Belcourt
Area
 • Total 939 sq mi (2,432 km2)
 • Land 903 sq mi (2,339 km2)
 • Water 36 sq mi (93 km2), 3.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2014) 14,616
 • Density 15/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.rolettecounty.com

Rolette County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,937.[1] Its county seat is Rolla.[2] The county was created by the 1872-73 territorial legislature and named for Joseph Rolette, Jr., a fur trader and politician from Pembina. The county government was first organized on October 14, 1884.[3] Before becoming Rolla, the county seat was Dunseith from 1884 to 1885 and St. John from 1885 to 1889.[4]

The International Peace Garden is located in the northwest corner of the county along the Canadian border of Manitoba.

Geography[edit]

Native vegetation based on NRCS soils information

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 939 square miles (2,430 km2), of which 903 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 36 square miles (93 km2) (3.9%) is water.[5]

Rolette County contains one of only six exclaves contained on the United States-Canada border. It is an unnamed peninsula located at 48°59′53″N 99°52′44″W / 48.99806°N 99.87889°W / 48.99806; -99.87889.

Part of the Turtle Mountain plateau lies in the northwestern part of the county.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 2,427
1900 7,995 229.4%
1910 9,558 19.5%
1920 10,061 5.3%
1930 10,760 6.9%
1940 12,583 16.9%
1950 11,102 −11.8%
1960 10,641 −4.2%
1970 11,549 8.5%
1980 12,177 5.4%
1990 12,772 4.9%
2000 13,674 7.1%
2010 13,937 1.9%
Est. 2014 14,616 [6] 4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2014[1]

As of the census of 2000, there were 13,674 people, 4,556 households, and 3,366 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 5,027 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 25.12% White, 0.07% Black or African American, 73.01% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 1.61% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 9.3% were of Norwegian and 7.4% German ancestry. 94.6% spoke English, 1.3% Ojibwa, 1.0% French Cree and 1.0% Cree as their first language.

There were 4,556 households out of which 43.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.00% were married couples living together, 22.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.45.

In the county the population was spread out with 36.50% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 18.50% from 45 to 64, and 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 97.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,232, and the median income for a family was $29,744. Males had a median income of $24,288 versus $20,383 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,873. About 28.00% of families and 31.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.20% of those under age 18 and 19.60% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Like many counties with Native American majority populations it is historically Democratic, but more consistently so than other such counties in North Dakota. Since 1928 the only Republican to carry the county was Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952.[11] It was the only county in the state to support George McGovern in 1972 and is additionally the only North Dakota county to have supported Jimmy Carter in 1980.[12] In the last four elections the Democratic candidate has consistently received over 60% of the vote.[13]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Kohlmeier
  • Maryville
  • Shell Valley
  • South Valley

Holmes

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 1, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved February 4, 2015. 
  4. ^ "County History". Official Portal for North Dakota State Government. Retrieved 4 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (April 20, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 1, 2015. 
  11. ^ Geographie Electorale
  12. ^ David Leip's Presidential Atlas (Maps for North Dakota by election)
  13. ^ The New York Times electoral map (Zoom in on North Dakota)

Coordinates: 48°46′N 99°50′W / 48.77°N 99.84°W / 48.77; -99.84