Rolf-Göran Bengtsson (born 2 June 1962 in Lund, Sweden) is a Swedish show jumper. He won a silver medal in the 2008 Summer Olympics in the individual jumping, and also a silver medal in the team jumping event at the 2004 Summer Olympics.
From 1997 to 2003 he worked at the stable of Jan Tops in Valkenswaard. Since 2003 Bengtsson lives in Breitenburg in Northern Germany where he runs his own stable together with Bo Kristoffersen.
The Mexican billionaire Alfonso Romo is a major financier to Bengtsson's ventures into the world of international show jumping.