Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, Larsen went to Pennsylvania State University, University of Pittsburgh, Duquesne University, Santa Clara University School of Law, and then received his law degree from Penn State University, Dickinson School of Law. In 1974, he was elected judge of the Allegheny County, Pennsylvania Court of Common Pleas. Following that Larsen was elected to the Pennsylvania Supreme Court in 1977.
Impeachment and removal from office
In 1981, a public feud between Larsen and Justice Robert N. C. Nix, Jr. took on racial undertones when newspapers reported that Larsen allegedly threatened to publicize the fact that Nix was black in an attempt to defeat him for retention. Larsen was investigated and exonerated by a judicial board of inquiry, however, the disputes between the Justices continued.
In 1992, Larsen was accused of improperly communicating with a trial judge about a case. Larsen in turn filed court documents accusing Nix and other Justices of the Supreme Court of similar conduct. Upon hearing those allegations, the Pennsylvania Attorney General convened a grand jury to investigate the situation. The grand jury found no evidence of improper communications among members of the court, but did find evidence that Justice Larsen was involved in a conspiracy to fraudulently obtain prescription drugs. Larsen, who had been prescribed for clinical anxiety and depression since the 1960s, arranged for his doctor to write prescriptions to Court employees because he had wanted to keep his treatment a secret while holding public office. He was charged with several offenses related to this matter on October 28, 1993.
On April 9, 1994, a jury found Larsen guilty of two counts of criminal conspiracy. On June 13, 1994, the trial court sentenced Justice Larsen to one year of probation for each count and removed him from office for the "infamous" crime of which he was convicted.
While Larsen appealed the sentencing order, the Pennsylvania General Assembly proceeded with impeachment and removal proceedings. The Pennsylvania House of Representatives impeached Larsen on seven charges, some relating to the crime and another relating to improper communication with a trial judge about a case. On October 4, 1994, the Pennsylvania Senate convicted Larsen of improper communication, removed him from office, and prohibited him from holding any office of public trust in the future.
Effect of notoriety
Amid these troubles and feuds involving Supreme Court justices in the early 1990s, specifically including Justice Rolf Larsen, Pennsylvania voters sought to limit the "King's Bench" power. The public image of Justice Larsen made him a poster child for the need for court reform. The upheaval surrounding Larsen's time on the bench served as a catalyst for a much-needed change in the state judicial system. Pennsylvanians for Modern Courts credits the public turmoil he caused with leading to the overwhelming passage of a constitutional amendment that strengthened the way judges are disciplined for misconduct. In 1993, Pennsylvania voters amended the state Constitution. The change created a due process system for judges through a state Judicial Conduct Board, which independently investigates misconduct complaints, and a Court of Judicial Discipline, which independently determines a Pennsylvania judge's innocence or guilt.
Pugh v. Holmes, 486 Pa. 272, 405 A.2d 897 (Pa. 1979) - abandoned the doctrine of "Caveat Emptor", and held that residential leases contain an implied warranty of habitability.
- 'A Sketch of Supreme Court Justice Rolf Larsen,' Beaver County Times (Pennsylvania), October 23, 1993, Pg. A5
- David Lauter, Pa. High Court in Turmoil: Justices Sidestep Misconduct Probe; Impeachment Rumors Abound, Nat'l L.J., June 27, 1983, at 1, 27-28, 32 available 68 Temp. L. Rev. 1041 at 1044
- Ex-Justice Robert Nix dead at 75, Philadelphia Inquirer, August 24, 2003
- 68 Temp. L. Rev. 1041 at 1045
- "Justice Charged In A Drug Scheme". The New York Times. October 29, 1993.
- "Rolf Larsen remembered for impact on state policy, not his impeachment". PennLive.com. August 13, 2014.
- "McCaffery suspension may pit King's Power against will of the people". The Morning Call. October 22, 2014. Retrieved 22 Feb 2015.
- Rolf Larsen, Impeached Pennsylvania Justice, Dies