|Preserved RB.108 at the Royal Air Force Museum Cosford|
|Major applications||Short SC.1|
|Developed into||Rolls-Royce RB145|
The Rolls-Royce RB.108 was a British jet engine designed in the mid-1950s by Rolls-Royce specifically for use as a VTOL lift engine, i.e., an engine intended primarily for providing upwards thrust rather than for horizontal propulsion.
Design and development
Of a squat and compact design for mounting vertically, the RB.108 differed from conventional turbojet engines in having its bearings and oil system designed for prolonged operation in the vertical attitude. First bench-tested in 1955 by Alan A. Griffith, who had conceived the idea of a specialised lift jet in 1941, thrust was 2,130 lbf (966.15 kg) from a weight of 269 lb (122 kg), giving a thrust/weight ratio of 8:1.
The RB.108 was used in the Short SC.1, which used four for lift with an additional one mounted at an angle at the rear for propulsion, and the Mirage Balzac, which used eight vertically mounted RB.108s for lift. The Vereinigte Flugtechnische Werke (VFW) SG 1262 used five RB.108s, three mounted in tandem on the centreline, with one RB.108 either side.
The RB.108 was also the intended powerplant for several other VTOL aircraft designs, including one by Dornier.
- Type: Single-spool turbojet
- Length: 46.5 in (118 cm)
- Diameter: 20.8 in (53 cm)
- Dry weight: 269 lb (122 kg)
- Related development
- Related lists
- Gunston 1989, p.150.
- Flight International - RB.162 - 13 June 1963 Retrieved: 24 November 2010.
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