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Barolong is a tribal name for the Tswana (Barolong) living in South Africa. The paramount chief Tau who was the descendant of King Morolong who is the founder of Barolong tribe who reigned around 1240. He adopted Tholo, (kudu) as the Barolong totem. Barolong ba bina Tshipi ebile ba bina Tholo[what language is this?]. King Tau, a warrior who reigned around 1660. He fought many battles and consolidated the Barolong tribe to become a very strong kingdom. He had many wives and begot many sons and daughters. The prominent four sons are Ratlou, Tshidi, Seleka and Rapulana. The Barolong tribe later used the names of the warrior King Tau's sons as their clan names. The Barolong tribe spread across the regions covering Botswana (erstwhile Bechuanaland), through to Gauteng Province (erstwhile Transvaal), Northwest Province, Northern Cape Province (erstwhile Cape Province) and Free State in the current dispensation. The eldest son of King Tau, Ratlou "Barolong bo Ratlou") resolved to reside in Ganyesa and reigned over vast area in Vryburg and surrounding areas through kgosikgolo (paramount chiefs) Seitshiro, Moshewa, Matlakoe, Gontse, Moshwete....in that order. The second son Tshidi resided in Mahikeng (the Barolong boo rra Tshidi) with their chiefs being Thutlwa, Tawana, Montshioa, Kebalepile and W. Montshioa ....in that order. The other clan (Barolong ba ga Seleka). Resided in Thaba Nchu and their chiefs were Seleka, Koikoi, Moroka, Sefunelo, Moroka,Samuel, Molekana ....in that order. The other clan (Barolong ba ga Rapulana), resided in Lotlhakane and Bodibe Barolong communities are found in Lotlhakane, Bodibe and their chiefs were Rapulana, Molekana, Makhowe , Matlaba, Shuduntlhe, Ramolekane in that order. The Barolong chiefs, Moroka (James Moroka) and Dr Silas Molema (Molema's are the uncles of the Barolong boo rra Tshidi), played a key role in formation of the liberation movement (African National Congress).
The first Morolong chief was Morolong, who lived many years ago around 1240, from whom the clan derives its name.
1240 Morolong, 1270 Noto 1300 Morara 1330 Mabe 1360 Maboa 1390 Manoto 1420 Mabeo 1450 Moliboa 1480 Tshesebe 1510 Monyane 1540 Setlhare 1570 Masipa 1600 Mokhophe 1630 Thibela 1660 Tau 1690 Ratlou, Tshidi, Seleka, Rapulana 1720 Seitshiro,Thutlwa,Koikoi,Molekane 1750 Moshewa, Tawana,Moroka, Makhowe 1780 Matlakoe,Montshioa,Sihunelo,Matlaba 1810 Gontsi, Kebalepile,Moroka,Shuduntlhe 1840 Moshwete, W. Montshioa, Samuele,Ramolekana 1870 Molekana
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