Roluos (temples)

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Roluos (4457989967).jpg
Lolei temple in Roluos
Roluos is located in Cambodia
Location in Cambodia
Alternative nameHariharalaya
LocationSiem Reap, Cambodia
RegionSoutheast Asia
Coordinates13°20′N 103°58′E / 13.333°N 103.967°E / 13.333; 103.967
TypeArchaeological site
BuilderJayavarman II
Materialsandstone, laterite, brick
Founded9th century AD
PeriodsMiddle periods
Site notes
Public accessYes
Architectural stylesPreah Ko

Roluos (Khmer: រលួស) is a Cambodian modern small town and an archeological site about 13 km east of Siem Reap along NH6. Once it was the seat of Hariharalaya,[1]: 98  first capital of Khmer Empire north of Tonlé Sap (as the first capital in the strict sense of the term could have been Indrapura, identifiable with Banteay Prey Nokor[2]).

Among the "Roluos Group" of temples there are some of the earliest permanent structures built by Khmer. They mark the beginning of classical period of Khmer civilization, dating from the late 9th century. Some were totally built with bricks, others partially with laterite or sandstone (the first large angkorian temple built with sandstone was possibly Ta Keo[3])

At present it is composed by three major temples: Bakong, Lolei, and Preah Ko, along with tiny Prasat Prei Monti. At both Bakong and Lolei there are contemporary Theravada buddhist monasteries.


  1. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
  2. ^ Higham, 1989, p.324
  3. ^ Freeman, Jacques 2006, p.26


  • Higham, Charles (1989). The archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-27525-3.

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