|Roman Józef Abraham|
28 February 1891|
|Died||26 August 1976
|Unit||Wielkopolska Cavalry Brigade
Polish Collective Cavalry Brigade
|Commands held||Commander of the Cavalry Brigade|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
Invasion of Poland
Battle of the Bzura
Siege of Warsaw
Roman Abraham (1891 Lwów - 1976 Warsaw) was a Polish cavalry general, commander of Wielkopolska Cavalry Brigade during German and Soviet Invasion of Poland in September 1939, in Battle of Bzura commander of Polish cavalry (combined cavalry unit).
Early life and education
He studied at the Jesuit school Zakład Naukowo-Wychowawczy Ojców Jezuitów w Chyrowie.
World War I
During World War I he served from August 1914 to October 1918 in the Austro-Hungarian army in the 1st Regiment of Uhlans of National Defense, fighting on the French, Romanian, Russian, Serbian and Italian fronts, ending his service as a lieutenant in the cavalry..
At the end of World War I, he joined the Polish Military Cadres in Lviv. From 1 November 1918 in the reformed Polish Army in the rank of lieutenant, he was the commander of the Góra Strudenia sector in Lviv.
He created his own unit, later called "Straceńcami". The unit fought successfully in various defenses of Lviv, in defense of Persenkówka, and in Śródmieście. The unit raised the Polish banner at the Lviv City Hall at dawn on 22 November, and on 24 November 1918 he was appointed a captain. However, his troops were accused of numerous robberies.
From January to August 1919 he commanded an independent battalion, regiment and Operational Group in the division of the Colonel Władysław Sikorski. From August 1919, he was an officer in the operating department and an observer in the 59th Air Force Squadron. He also participated, among others in Polish-Ukrainian battles around Przemyśl.
World War II
- Virtuti Militari, Golden Cross
- Virtuti Militari, Silver Cross
- Polonia Restituta, Officer's Cross
- Cross of Independence with Swords
- Cross of Valor 4 times
- Cross of Merit, Gold Cross – 3x times
- Lwów Defense Cross
- Légion d'honneur, Knight's Cross (France)
- Generałowie II Rzeczypospolitej s. 12
- O kawalerii polskiej XX wieku s. 65
- "Jeszcze z czasu zimowych walk pod Lwowem opowiadano w wojsku o oddziale rotmistrza Abrahama i innych, które – zdobywając ruską wieś – zabierały chłopom wszystko co dało się unieść lub wywieść do tego stopnia , że nawet brudną bieliznę ze strychów ładowano na sanie i wywożono do Lwowa." Jerzy Konrad Maciejewski "Na hajdamaków" – "Karta" 77/2013 str. 77
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