Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Athens

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Archdiocese of Athens
Archidioecesis Atheniensis
Ιερά Αρχιεπισκοπή Καθολικών Αθηνών
Attica 06-13 Athens 49 Catholic StDionysius Church.jpg
Cathedral Basilica of St. Dionysius the Areopagite, Athens
Location
Country Greece
Metropolitan Immediately Subject to the Holy See
Statistics
Area 46,775 km2 (18,060 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2012)
6,285,000
101,600 (1.6%)
Information
Rite Roman Rite
Established 23 July 1875
Cathedral Καθεδρικός Ναός Αγ. Διονυσίου Αρεοπαγίτου των Καθολικών
(Cathedral Basilica of St. Dionysius the Areopagite)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Archbishop Sevastianos Rossolatos[1]

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Athens (Latin: Archidioecesis Atheniensis or Athenarum) is an archdiocese of the Catholic Church located in the city of Athens in Greece. The seat is the neoclassic Cathedral Basilica of St. Dionysius the Areopagite.

History[edit]

The See of Athens is one of the oldest Christian bishoprics, dating back to Hierotheos the Thesmothete in the mid-1st century AD. Ca. 800, it was raised to a metropolitan see.

In 1205, the city was captured by the Crusaders, who had conquered Constantinople and dissolved the Byzantine Empire the year before. The city's incumbent Greek Orthodox bishop, Michael Choniates, retired to the island of Ceos, and a Roman Catholic archbishop was installed in his place, with the French cleric Berard being elected to the post in 1206. As the premier see of Central Greece, Athens had several suffragans: Negroponte, Thermopylae, Davleia, Aulon, Oreoi, Karystos, Koroneia, Megara, Ceos, Andros and Skyros.

Beginning with Dorotheus I ca. 1388, the Orthodox bishops of Athens, who had been continued to be appointed as titular holders since the Latin conquest, were allowed to resume residence in the city, but the Latin Archbishop retained his pre-eminent position until the conquest of the Duchy of Athens by the Ottoman Empire in 1456. The last Latin Archbishop, Nicholas Protimo, fled to Venetian-held Euboea, where he died in 1482. The Catholic see was held by titular archbishops thereafter.

On 23 July 1875, the see was restored as the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Athens, ministering to the Roman Catholic inhabitants of the Greek capital and most of mainland Greece.

List of Archbishops of Athens[edit]

For the Orthodox archbishops, see List of archbishops of Athens.

Medieval metropolitan archbishops[edit]

Medieval Metropolitan Archbishops of Athens
Incumbent Appointed Term ended Notes
Berardo 1206? 1223?
Corrado di Sumo 15 February 1253  ?
Uldrico 20 May 1273  ?
Stefano Mangiatero, O.P. 1300?  ?
Antonio di Talenti, O.S.B.  ? 1339? Died 1339?
Franceschino, O. Cist. 1339  ?
Nicola 1345?  ?
Giovanni 8 June 1351  ?
Nicola 9 June 1357  ?
Francesco, O.F.M. 20 August 1365  ?
Giovanni  ? 1370? Died 1370?
Antonio Balistari, O.F.M. 27 March 1370  ?
Antonio di Genebreda 1382?  ?
Antonio Blasi 14 May 1388  ?
Lodovico Aliotti 12 June 1392 1 June 1398 Afterwards appointed Bishop of Volterra. Died 6 April 1411.
Antonio 24 April 1399  ?
Franceschino, O. Cist.  ? 9 May 1400 Died.
Andrea de Lucha, O. Carm. 6 September 140  ?
Giovanni Antonio da Corinto 2 August 1426  ?
Francesco 5 November 1427  ?
Filippo Aulini 18 May 1429  ?
Nicola Protimo 6 July 1446 1482 Died.
Source(s):[2][3][4]

Titular archbishops[edit]

Titular Archbishops of Athens
Incumbent Appointed Term ended Notes
Giovanni Nicolini 26 April 1482  ? Previously Archbishop of Amalfi.
Alexander Gordon 4 September 1551 11 November 1575 Died
Attilio Amalteo 14 August 1606 25 May 1633 Died
Gaspare Mattei 5 September 1639 14 December 1643 Afterwards appointed Cardinal-Priest of San Pancrazio
Nicolò Guidi di Bagno 14 March 1644 9 April 1657 Afterwards appointed Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Eusebio
Giacomo Altoviti 29 July 1658 18 April 1667 Afterwards appointed Titular Patriarch of Antioch
Carlo de' Vecchi 27 April 1667 13 March 1673 Died
Francesco Boccapaduli 15 July 1675 23 November 1680 Died
Marcello d'Aste 10 December 1691 3 February 1700 Afterwards appointed Archbishop of Ancona e Numana (personal title)
Filippo Antonio Gualtieri 30 March 1700 21 November 1701 Afterwards appointed Archbishop of Imola (personal title)
Giuseppe Vallemani 5 December 1701 28 November 1707 Afterwards appointed Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria degli Angeli
Pier Marcellino Corradini 7 November 1707 21 November 1712 Afterwards appointed Cardinal-Priest of San Giovanni a Porta Latina
Silvius de Cavalieri 5 October 1712 11 January 1717 Died
Bartolomeo Massei 3 February 1721 8 January 1731 Afterwards appointed Cardinal-Priest of Sant'Agostino
Nicola Saverio Albini 8 January 1731 11 April 1740 Died
Ludovico Merlini 27 October 1740 21 July 1760 Afterwards appointed Cardinal-Priest of Santa Prisca
Giovanni Carlo Boschi 22 September 1760 21 July 1766 Afterwards appointed Cardinal-Priest of Santi Giovanni e Paolo
Ignazio Reali 26 September 1766 8 December 1767 Died
Giuseppe Maria Contesini 25 January 1768 28 February 1785 Died
Giulio Cesare Zoglio 27 June 1785 13 April 1795 Died
Camillo Campanelli 27 June 1796 23 September 1805 Afterwards appointed Archbishop of Perugia (personal title)
Giovanni Francesco Guerrieri 16 March 1808 27 September 1819 Afterwards appointed Archbishop of Rimini (personal title)
Giovanni Francesco Falzacappa 27 September 1819 10 March 1823 Afterwards appointed Archbishop of Ancona e Numana (personal title)
Filippo Filonardi 16 May 1823 3 July 1826 Afterwards appointed Archbishop of Ferrara
Francesco Tiberi Contigliano 2 October 1826 2 July 1832 Afterwards appointed Archbishop of Jesi (personal title)
Ludovico Tevoli 17 December 1832 17 October 1856 Died
Mariano Falcinelli Antoniacci, O.S.B. 21 December 1857 4 May 1874 Afterwards appointed Cardinal-Priest of San Marcello
Source(s):[2][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Restored metropolitan archbishops[edit]

Restored Metropolitan Archbishops of Athens
Incumbent Appointed Term ended Notes
Ioannis Marangos 23 July 1875 17 December 1891 Died
Giuseppe Zaffino 29 April 1892 7 February 1895 Died
Caietanus Maria de Angelis, O.F.M. Conv. 10 May 1895 28 March 1900 Died
Antonio Delenda 29 April 1900 10 September 1911 Died
Louis Petit, A.A. 4 March 1912 24 June 1926 Resigned
Giovanni Battista Filippucci 25 January 1927 29 May 1947 Afterwards appointed Archbishop of Naxos, Andros, Tinos e Mykonos
Markos Sigalas 22 February 1947 10 March 1950 Died
Marios Makrionitis, S.J. 11 March 1953 8 April 1959 Died
Venediktos Printesis 15 May 1959 17 November 1972 Resigned
Nikolaos Foskolos 25 June 1973 12 August 2014 Retired
Sevastianos Rossolatos 12 August 2014 present
Source(s):[2][10]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Rinunce e nomine, 12.08.2014. press.vatican.va.
  2. ^ a b c "Archdiocese of Athens". gcatholic.org. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  3. ^ Eubel 1913, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, volume 1, pp. 114–115.
  4. ^ a b Eubel 1914, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, volume 2, p. 98.
  5. ^ "Athenae (Titular See)". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  6. ^ Eubel 1923, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, volume 3, p. 122.
  7. ^ Eubel 1935, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, volume 4, p. 99.
  8. ^ Eubel 1952, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, volume 5, p. 103.
  9. ^ Eubel 1958, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, volume 6, pp. 104–105.
  10. ^ "Archdiocese of Athēnai {Athens}". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 

References[edit]

Coordinates: 37°58′45″N 23°44′05″E / 37.9791°N 23.7347°E / 37.9791; 23.7347