Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane
|Archdiocese of Brisbane
Coat of Arms of the Archdiocese of Brisbane
|Territory||South East region of Queensland, including Greater Brisbane|
|Area||65,000 km2 (25,000 sq mi)|
|(as of 2012)
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||12 April 1859 as the
Diocese of Brisbane;
10 May 1887 as the
Archdiocese of Brisbane
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St Stephen|
|Patron saint||Saint Mary of the Cross|
|Archbishop of Brisbane||Mark Coleridge|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Joseph John Oudeman, O.F.M. Cap.|
|Emeritus Bishops||John Bathersby
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Brisbane is a Latin Church metropolitan archdiocese of the Catholic Church in Australia located in Brisbane and covering the South East region of Queensland, Australia.
Part of the Roman Catholic Ecclesiastical Province of Brisbane, the region covered was initially administered by the Archdiocese of Sydney. In 1859 the Diocese of Brisbane was erected, and elevated as an archdiocese in 1887. The archdiocese is responsible for the suffragan dioceses of Cairns, Rockhampton, Toowoomba and Townsville.
The Diocese of Brisbane was established in 1859, with responsibility for the entire state of Queensland. Prior to its establishment, Queensland was part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney.
On 29 December 1882, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Rockhampton was excised from the Archdiocese of Brisbane. The new Rockhampton diocese had responsibility for northern Queensland while the Brisbane archdiocese retained responsibility for southern Queensland. 
The following people have been appointed as Roman Catholic Archbishops of Brisbane or any of its precursor titles:
Order Name Title Date enthroned Reign ended Term of office Reason for term end 1 James Quinn † Bishop of Brisbane 14 April 1859 18 August 1881 22 years, 126 days Died in office 2 Robert Dunne † Bishop of Brisbane 3 January 1882 10 May 1887 5 years, 127 days Elevated as Archbishop of Brisbane Archbishop of Brisbane 10 May 1887 13 January 1917 29 years, 248 days Died in office 3 James Duhig † Coadjutor Archbishop of Brisbane 27 February 1912 13 January 1917 4 years, 321 days Succeeded as Archbishop of Brisbane Archbishop of Brisbane 13 January 1917 10 April 1965 48 years, 87 days Died in office 4 Patrick Mary O'Donnell † Coadjutor Archbishop of Brisbane 8 November 1948 10 April 1965 16 years, 153 days Succeeded as Archbishop of Brisbane Archbishop of Brisbane 10 April 1965 5 March 1973 7 years, 329 days Retired and appointed Archbishop Emeritus of Brisbane 5 Francis Roberts Rush † Archbishop of Brisbane 5 March 1973 3 December 1991 18 years, 273 days Retired and appointed Archbishop Emeritus of Brisbane 6 John Bathersby Archbishop of Brisbane 3 December 1991 14 November 2011 19 years, 346 days Retired and appointed Archbishop Emeritus of Brisbane 7 Mark Coleridge Archbishop of Brisbane 11 May 2012 present 5 years, 253 days n/a
- † = deceased
The gothic revival cathedral is located on a site bounded by Elizabeth, Charlotte and Edward Streets, in the Australian city of Brisbane. Built between 1864 and 1922, with extensions made in 1989, the cathedral was established with James Quinn as its first bishop. Quinn planned to construct a large cathedral to accommodate a growing congregation. On 26 December 1863, the Feast of St Stephen, Quinn laid the foundation stone for a grand cathedral designed by Benjamin Backhouse. Backhouse's original design was changed and downsized numerous times over the course of the cathedral's completion, mainly for economic reasons.
In 1927, there was a plan to replace St Stephen's with a new Holy Name Cathedral to be built in Fortitude Valley, Brisbane. However, funding was only sufficient to build the crypt. Eventually the project was abandoned, the crypt demolished and the land sold.
- "Appointment of the new Metropolitan Archbishop of Brisbane: The Most Revd Mark Benedict Coleridge, DD" (PDF) (Press release). Catholic Church in Australia. 2 April 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- Macdonald, Robert (3 April 2012). "Catholic Church names Brisbane Archbishop Mark Coleridge". The Courier–Mail. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Our Story". Archdiocesan Profile. Archdiocese of Brisbane. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Diocese History". Catholic Diocese of Rockhampton. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "ROMAN CATHOLIC BISHOPS IN QUEENSLAND". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1957). Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia. 21 December 1881. p. 7. Retrieved 20 July 2013.
- "Archdiocese of Brisbane". The Hierarchy of the Catholic Church. 16 October 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2011.