Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Calcutta
This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Archdiocese of Calcutta
কলকাতার বিশপের এলাকা
|Area||11,532 sq mi (29,870 km2)|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|(as of 2006)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||18 April 1834|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of the Most Holy Rosary|
|Patron saint||St Francis Xavier, St Teresa of Calcutta|
|Bishops emeritus||Lucas Sirkar|
|Website of the Archdiocese|
The archdiocese was originally erected as the Apostolic Vicariate of Bengal in 1834 by Pope Gregory XVI, and renamed as the Apostolic Vicariate of Western Bengal in 1850 by Gregory's successor, Pope Pius IX.
On 1 September 1886, when the Catholic hierarchy was created in British India by Pope Leo XIII, the vicariate was elevated to the rank of metropolitan archdiocese and renamed as the "Archdiocese of Calcutta".
Over the course of times the archdiocese was frequently divided and new metropolitan provinces were created: Ranchi, Guwahati and Patna. As of 2020[update], the metropolitan province of Calcutta covers the state of West Bengal. The suffragan sees are: Asansol, Bagdogra, Baruipur, Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri, Krishnagar and Raiganj.
The archdiocese's cathedral, the seat of its archbishop, is the Cathedral of the Most Holy Rosary, commonly called the "Portuguese Church". Calcutta also houses the oldest Catholic church in the area, the Basilica of the Holy Rosary, in Bandel - a former Portuguese settlement - some 40 kilometers (25 miles) north of the city of Kolkata.
List of Ordinaries of Calcutta
Apostolic vicars of Bengal
- 1850 - 1855 : Patrick Joseph Carew
- 1855 - 1859 : Marc-Thomas Olliffe
- 1858 - 1864 : Sede vacante (Auguste Goiran, Administrator)
- 1864 - 1865 : Augustus van Heule
- 1865 - 1867 : Sede vacante (Honoré van der Stuyft, Administrator)
- 1867 - 1877 : Walter Herman Jacobus Steins
- 1877 - 1886 : Paul François Marie Goethals
- 1886 - 1901 : Paul François Marie Goethals
- 1902 - 1924 : Brice Meuleman
- 1924 - 1960 : Ferdinand Perier
- 1960 - 1962 : Vivian Anthony Dyer
- 1962 - 1969 : Albert Vincent D'Souza
- 1969 - 1986 : Lawrence Trevor Cardinal Picachy
- 1986 - 2002 : Henry Sebastian D'Souza
- 2002 - 2012 : Lucas Sirkar
- 2012 - Pres : Thomas D'Souza
Saints and causes for canonisation
- Catholic Ecclesiastical Provinces in India
- Diocese of Calcutta of the Church of North India
- Roman Catholicism in India
- "Mother Teresa named co-patron of Calcutta archdiocese | News Headlines". Catholic Culture. Retrieved 26 February 2020.
- Manik Banerjee (6 September 2017). "Vatican declares Mother Teresa a patron saint of Calcutta". Associated Press, ABC News.com. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
- "Archbishop Thomas D'Souza condemns rape of nun".
- asianetnews (1 September 2016), Mother Teresa's canonization : Kolkata archbishop Thomas d'souza Sharing Memories, retrieved 20 August 2017
- (en) "Thomas D’Souza becomes Archbishop of Calcutta", Vatican Radio, 23 February 2012
- (en) "Past and Present Ordinaries", Archdiocese of Calcutta, Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 2 February 2012
- "Saints & Blessed – CCBI". Retrieved 17 October 2019.
- Archdiocese of Calcutta
- Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. .