Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dhaka

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There is also a Diocese of Dhaka (and a Bishop of Dhaka) in the united Church of Bangladesh.
Archdiocese of Dhaka
Archidioecesis Dhakensis
ঢাকার বিশপের এলাকা
Dhaka, Catholic Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception.JPG
The Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Dhaka
Location
Country  Bangladesh
Ecclesiastical province Dhaka
Statistics
Area 14,193 km2 (5,480 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
23,339,945
62,780 (0.3%)
Parishes 18
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 19 October 1982 (as Archdiocese of Dhaka)
Cathedral St Mary's Cathedral in Dhaka
Patron saint Immaculate Conception
Secular priests 125
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Patrick D'Rozario
Suffragans Diocese of Barisal
Diocese of Chittagong
Diocese of Dinajpur
Diocese of Khulna
Diocese of Mymensingh
Diocese of Rajshahi
Diocese of Sylhet
Auxiliary Bishops Theotonius Gomes
Emeritus Bishops Paulinus Costa Archbishop Emeritus (2005-2011)

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Dhaka (Latin: Archidioecesis Dhakensis)[1] is the Latin, main Metropolitan Metropolitan diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Bangladesh, but no longer the only one. It still depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.

The archdiocese's Marian mother church and thus seat of its archbishop is St. Mary's Cathedral in the national capital Dhaka. As senior Metropolitan in Bangladesh, it is the principal episcopal see of that country. As of 2013 the Archbishop of Dhaka is Cardinal Patrick D'Rozario, formerly Bishop of Chittagong, having been appointed Coadjutor Archbishop by Pope Benedict XVI on November 2010, and succeeded Archbishop Paulinus Costa, C.S.C., in October 2011.

Ecclesiastical province[edit]

Its ecclesiastical province still has as suffragan sees

On 2 February 2017, it lost as suffragans the henceforth Metropolitan new Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chittagong and both its simultaneously transferred suffragan sees: Roman Catholic Diocese of Barisal and Roman Catholic Diocese of Khulna.

History[edit]

It was erected it as the Apostolic Vicariate of Eastern Bengal by Pope Pius IX on 12 February 1850.[1]

It was promoted as Diocese of Eastern Bengal on 1 September 1886,[1] and renamed as the Diocese of Dacca after its see in 1887.[1]

On 25 May 1927 it lost territory to establish the Diocese of Chittagong, as its suffragan, but since 2017 itself a Metropolitan.

It was elevated to Metropolitan Archdiocese of Dacca by Pope Pius XII on 15 July 1950,[1]

On 17 January 1952 it lost territory to establish the Apostolic Prefecture of Haflong.

It enjoyed its papal visit, from Pope Paul VI, in November 1970.

Pope John Paul II renamed it as the Archdiocese of Dhaka on 19 October 1982.[2]

It enjoyed a second papal visit from Pope John Paul II in November 1986.

It lost territory on 15 May 1987 to establish the Diocese of Mymensingh and on 8 July 2011 again to establish the Diocese of Sylhet, as its suffragans.

Episcopal ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite, so far mostly (missionary) members of Latin congregations)

Apostolic Vicars of Eastern Bengal
Suffragan Bishops of Dhaka
Metropolitan Archbishops of Dacca
  • Lawrence Leo Graner, C.S.C. (see below 15 July 1950 - 23 November 1967); emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Vazari-Didda (23 November 1967 – 23 January 1971), died 1982
  • Theotonius Amal Ganguly, C.S.C. (23 November 1967 – death 2 September 1977), also last President of Pakistan Catholic Bishops’ Conference (1971 – 1973), first President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Bangladesh (1973 – 1977); previously Titular Bishop of Oliva (3 September 1960 – 6 July 1965) & Auxiliary Bishop of Dacca (3 September 1960 – 6 July 1965), Titular Archbishop of Drizipara (6 July 1965 – 23 November 1967) & Coadjutor Archbishop of Dacca (6 July 1965 – 23 November 1967)
Metropolitan Archbishops of Dhaka
  • Michael Rozario (17 December 1977 – retired 9 July 2005), also President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Bangladesh (1978 – 2005); previously Bishop of Dinajpur (Bangladesh) (5 September 1968 – 17 December 1977)
  • Paulinus Costa (9 July 2005 – retired 22 January 2011), also President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Bangladesh (August 2005 – 22 October 2011); previously Bishop of Rajshahi (Bangladesh) (11 January 1996 – 9 July 2005)
  • Patrick D'Rozario, C.S.C. (22 October 2011 - ...), also President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Bangladesh (December 2011 – ...), created Cardinal-Priest of Nostra Signora del SS. Sacramento e Santi Martiri Canadesi (2016.11.19 – ...); previously Bishop of Rajshahi (Bangladesh) (21 May 1990 – 3 February 1995), Bishop of Chittagong (Bangladesh) (3 February 1995 – 25 November 2010), Coadjutor Archbishop of Dhaka (25 January 2010 – succeeding 22 October 2011).

Statistics[edit]

As per 2014, it pastorally served 64,960 Catholics (0.3% of 23,539,280 total) on 12,000 km² in 18 parishes and 14 missions with 115 priests (42 diocesan, 73 religious), 695 lay religious (132 brothers, 563 sisters) and 17 seminarians.

Year Catholics Diocesean priest Parishes
2000 70,821 42 19
2015 62,780 52 18

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Archdiocese of Dhaka". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 28 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Dhaka (Archdiocese) in Catholic Hierarchy

Sources and external links[edit]

Coordinates: 23°44′13″N 90°24′19″E / 23.7369°N 90.4052°E / 23.7369; 90.4052