Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Gniezno

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Archdiocese of Gniezno
Archidioecesis Gnesnensis
Archidiecezja Gnieźnieńska
Katedra Gnieźnieńska nocą.JPG
Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption in Gniezno
Location
Country  Poland
Statistics
Area 8,122 km2 (3,136 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
664,608
656,716 (98.8%)
Information
Rite Latin Rite
Cathedral Bazylika Katedralna Wniebowzięcia
Najświętszej Marii Panny i św. Wojciecha

(Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption
of the Blessed Virgin Mary
)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Wojciech Polak
Auxiliary Bishops Krzysztof Wętkowski
Emeritus Bishops Józef Kowalczyk
Henryk Muszyński
Szczepan Wesoły
Bogdan Józef Wojtuś
Website
Website of the Archdiocese

The Archdiocese of Gniezno (Latin: Archidioecesis Gnesnensis, Polish: Archidiecezja Gnieźnieńska) is the oldest Roman Catholic archdiocese in Poland, located in the city of Gniezno.[1][2] The ecclesiastical province comprises the suffragan dioceses of Bydgoszcz and Włocławek.

History[edit]

Relics of St Adalbert, Gniezno Cathedral

The Metropolitan Archdiocese of Gniezno was established in 1000 AD at the instigation of the Polish duke Bolesław I the Brave. He had the relics of the missionary and martyr Adalbert of Prague (Wojciech) transferred to Gniezno Cathedral, which soon became a major pilgrimage site. Here Bolesław met with Emperor Otto III in the Congress of Gniezno, where the duke obtained investiture rights and created the Gniezno archbishopric, superseding the older Diocese of Poznań. Led by Adalbert's half-brother Radim Gaudentius, the ecclesiastical province then comprised the suffragan dioceses in Kraków, Wrocław, and Kołobrzeg (extinct in 1015); from about 1075 also Poznań.

The position of the archbishops and their suffragans was confirmed in the 1136 Bull of Gniezno issued by Pope Innocent II. The Gniezno metropolitans held the right to crown the Kings of Poland and in 1412 obtained the status of a Primate of Poland. From 1572, they acted as interrex regents of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

When on 16 July 1821 the Diocese of Wrocław (Breslau) was put under direct authority of the Holy See by Pope Pius VII, Gniezno was affiliated in personal union (aeque principaliter) with the Archdiocese of Poznań. The union of Poznań and Gniezno was again dissolved with effect from 12 November 1948, when a personal union (in persona episcopi) between the Archdiocese of Warsaw and Gniezno was established. By Apostolic constitution of 25 March 1992, Pope John Paul II again divided the union between the archdioceses of Gniezno and Warsaw.

Special churches[edit]

  • Minor Basilicas:
    • Bazylika św. Apostołów Piotra i Pawła, Kruszwica
    • Bazylika Św. Wincentego a Paulo, Bydgoszcz
    • Bazylika Wniebowzięcia Najświętszej Marii Panny, Trzemeszno

Leadership[edit]

Suffragan dioceses[edit]

  • Bydgoszcz, established in 2004
  • Włocławek, established about 1015 (split off Kołobrzeg as Diocese of Kujawy–Pomorze), interrupted 1818–1925 (then suffragan of Warsaw as Diocese of Kujawy–Kalisz)

Former suffragans[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archdiocese of Gniezno" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 27, 2016
  2. ^ "Metropolitan Archdiocese of Gniezno" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved March 27, 2016

Coordinates: 52°32′14″N 17°35′49″E / 52.537121°N 17.596858°E / 52.537121; 17.596858