Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
|Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
Archidioecesis Goanae et Damanensis
Goy ani Daman Mha-Dhormprant
|Ecclesiastical province||Goa and Daman|
|Area||4,194 km2 (1,619 sq mi)|
|(as of 2013)
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St Catherine of Alexandria in Old Goa|
|Patron saint||St Joseph Vaz|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Filipe Neri Ferrão|
|Suffragan||diocese of Sindhudurg|
|Emeritus Bishops||Raul Nicolau Gonsalves Archbishop Emeritus (1978-2004)|
The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman (Latin: Archidioecesis Goanae et Damanensis, Portuguese: Arquidiocese de Goa e Damão) encompasses the state of Goa and the Union Territories of Daman in India. The ecclesiastical province of Goa and Daman includes a suffragan dioceses, Sindhudurg (Dioecesis Sindhudurgiensis). The archdiocese is the primatial see of the East, and the Archbishop carries the title of the Patriarch of the East Indies, yet depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. In Konkani, the local language in Goa, the archdiocese is known as "Goy ani Damanv Mha-Dhormprant".
It is the oldest diocese in terms of activity in the East Indes, with its origins linked to the arrival of the Portuguese on the Malabar Coast. The metropolitan archbishop of Goa and Daman also uses the title Primate of the Indies or Primate of the East, and honorifically receives the title of (Latin) Patriarch of the East Indies.
- The archbishop's cathedral see, the Se Cathedral, or Sé Catedral de Santa Catarina, is in the city of Old Goa, Goa.
The city also has a minor basilica, the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa. The world heritage site composed of the Churches and Convents of Goa falls under its ecclesiastical jurisdiction.
Territory and statistics
The archdiocese comprises the following territories in India: the State of Goa and the territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. As per 2014, it pastorally served 641,231 Catholics (31.0% of 2,067,200 total) on 4,194 km² in 167 parishes and 124 missions with 715 priests (410 diocesan, 305 religious), 1,503 lay religious (538 brothers, 965 sisters) and 80 seminarians.
The Metropolitan has a single Suffragan see :
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Sindhudurg, which includes the districts of Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri and Kolhapur in Maharashtra state, except the St. Francis Xavier parish in the city of Kolhapur. It was created on July 5, 2005, when it was split off from the Diocese of Poona. It was a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Bombay until 25 November 2006, when Pope Benedict XVI transferred it to the newly established metropolitan province of Goa and Damão.
After the Portuguese conquest of Goa by Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510, King Manuel I built a chapel there in honour of St. Catherine named patron of the city in 1518. Christians in the region were given into the charge of Dom Duarte Nunes O.P, the Franciscan bishop of the titular see of Laodicea. He governed until 1527 then was succeeded by Dom Fernando Vaqueiro OFM, the Franciscan titular bishop of Aureopolis, from 1529 to 1535.
King John III of Portugal commissioned the construction of a cathedral in Goa and Pope Clement VII founded the Diocese of Goa on January 31, 1533, with the papal bull titled Romani Pontificis Circumspectio. The jurisdiction of the new diocese at the time stretched from the Cape of Good Hope to China and Japan. On November 3, 1534 the creation of the diocese was confirmed by the Aequum reputamus bull of Pope Paul III, since Clement VII's death had prevented the publication of its establishment. The diocese was originally a suffragan of the diocese of Funchal.
At the request of King Sebastian, on February 4, 1557 Pope Paul IV separated the Goan diocese from the ecclesiastical province of Lisbon and raised it to a metropolitan archdiocese, with the suffragan dioceses of Cochin and Malacca. In the course of time other dioceses were included in the metropolitan area of Goa: Macau, Funai in Japan, Cranganore and Meliapor in India, Nanjing and Beijing in China and Mozambique in Africa. Daman in India is still included in Goa.
With the brief of December 13, 1572 Pope Gregory XIII granted the archbishop of Goa the title of Primate of the East. By 1857, Goa had gained several suffragan dioceses in the Indian subcontinent but retained only Macau and Mozambique outside that geographical area.
On 23 January 1886, Pope Leo XIII, through the apostolic constitution Humanae Salutis Auctor, invested the archbishop of Goa with the honorary title of Patriarch of the East Indies. In the same year, the Archdiocese of Cranganore, created by the April 24, 1838 Multa praeclare decree of Pope Gregory XVI, was dissolved. The title attached to the diocese of Daman, created by the Humanae salutis edict of Pope Leo XIII and dissolved on May 1, 1928 with Inter Apostolicam, then attached to the Goa archdiocese. The archbishop came to be called Archbishop of Goa and Daman, and also Patriarch of the East Indies and titular archbishop of Cranganore.
In 1940, Dili (in East Timor) was elevated to a diocese and placed as suffragan under Goa; Mozambique was the in same year spun off from the metropolitan archdiocese. In 1953 the archdiocese of Goa lost the suffragan dioceses of Cochin, Meliampor and Canara following the ecclesiastical territorial reorganization of the new Indian state.
On December 19, 1961, the Indian Union annexed the territories of Goa, and Daman and Diu. The following year the Patriarch Archbishop José Vieira Alvernaz left the territory. In 1965, the religious jurisdiction of Diu was entrusted to the Missionary Society of St Francis Xavier. The complexities of annexing Portuguese-ruled territories meant that the Vatican did not accept the resignation of the last patriarch until 1975, which put the Goa archdiocese directly subordinate to the Holy See until then. The dioceses of Dili and Macau were also de-linked from the ecclesiastical province and placed directly beneath the Holy See.
With the Quoniam Archdioecesi bull January 30, 1978, Pope Paul VI appointed Bishop Raul Nicolau Gonçalves as Archbishop of Goa and Daman, also titled ad honorem Patriarch of the East Indies. By Inter Capital of December 12, 2003, Pope John Paul II appointed Rev. Filipe Neri Ferrao Archbishop of Goa and Daman, also granting him the honorary patriarch title. The title is not mandatory and awarding it is a prerogative of the pope.
The Archdiocese of Goa and Daman remained—until November 25, 2006—as just an archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See, because its archbishop who was not metropolitan; the archdiocese had had no suffragan dioceses since January 1, 1975, when Macao and Dili were separated from it. On November 25, 2006, Pope Benedict XVI addressed this issue with his Cum Christi Evangelii, to make the diocese of Sindhudurg a suffragan of Goa and Daman, together with which it formed a new ecclesiastical province.
Karwar: The civil district of North Kanara (Uttara Kannada) was part of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman till September 19, 1953 when the New Roman Catholic Diocese of Belgaum was erected. Two civil districts, Belgaum and North Kanara, were separated from the archdiocese of Goa and two other civil districts, Dharwad and Bijapur, were taken from the Diocese of Poona to form the diocese of Belgaum. The diocese of Karwar, comprising the whole civil district of Uttara Kannada, was carved out from the Diocese of Belgaum by the Christi Missum of Pope Paul VI, January 24, 1976. William Leonard D'Mello was appointed the first Bishop of Karwar by the apostolic bull dated January 24, 1976 and ordained and installed as the first Bishop of Karwar on April 29, 1977.
- January 31, 1533: Archdiocese of Goa from the Diocese of Funchal
- 4 February 1557: Diocese of Cochin established as a suffragan diocese (the other being Diocese of Malacca)
- February 4, 1558: Established suffragan diocese - Diocese of Malacca, (other being Diocese of Cochin)
- February 4, 1558: Promoted to Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa
- May 1, 1928: Renamed Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
- January 1, 1976: Demoted to Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
- November 25, 2006: Promoted to Metropolitan Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
|34º||Filipe Neri do Rosário Ferrão||2004– present||Second Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman|
|33º||Raul Nicolau Gonçalves||1978–2004||First Goan Patriarch of the East Indies and Archbishop of Goa and Daman, Archbishop-emeritus
|32º||José Vieira Alvernaz||1953–1975||Last Archbishop of Portuguese period|
|-||José Vieira Alvernaz||1950-1953||Archbishop-coadjutor|
|31º||José da Costa Nunes||1940–1953||Later Cardinal
|30º||Teotónio Emanuel Ribeira Vieira de Castro||1929–1940|
|29º||Mateus de Oliveira Xavier||1909–1929|
|28º||António Sebastião Valente||1882-1908||first Patriarch of the East Indies
|27º||Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos||1875-1880|
|26º||João Crisóstomo de Amorim Pessoa||1862-1874||Later archbishop of Braga|
|25º||José Maria da Silva Torres||1844-1851|
|24º||Frei Manuel de São Galdino, O.F.M.||1812-1831|
|-||Frei Manuel de São Galdino, O.F.M.||1804-1812||Archbishop-coadjutor|
|23º||Frei Manuel de Santa Catarina, O.C.D.||1784-1812|
|22º||Frei Francisco da Assunção e Brito, O.S.A.||1773-1783|
|21º||António Taveira da Neiva Brum da Silveira||1750-1773|
|20º||Frei Lourenço de Santa Maria e Melo, O.F.M.||1741-1750||Later archbishop-bishop of Faro
|19º||Frei Eugénio de Trigueiros, O.S.A.||1741||Died before taking office.|
|18º||Frei Inácio de Santa Teresa, O.S.A.||1721-1740|
|17º||Sebastião de Andrade Pessanha||1715-1721|
|16º||Frei Agostinho da Anunciação, O.C.||1690-1713|
|15º||Frei Alberto de São Gonçalo da Silva, O.S.A.||1686-1688|
|14º||Manuel de Sousa Meneses||1680-1684|
|13º||Frei António Brandão, O.C.||1674-1678|
|12º||Frei Cristóvão da Silveira, O.S.A.||1670-1673|
|11º||Frei Francisco dos Mártires, O.F.M.||1635-1652|
|10º||Frei Manuel Teles de Brito, O.P.||1631-1633|
|9º||Frei Sebastião de São Pedro, O.S.A.||1624-1629|
|8º||Frei Cristóvão de Sá e Lisboa, O.S.H.||1612-1622|
|7º||Frei Aleixo de Meneses||1595-1612||Later archbishop of Braga and viceroy of Portugal
|6º||Frei Mateus de Medina, O. Carm.||1588-1593|
|5º||Frei João Vicente da Fonseca, O.P.||1583-1586|
|4º||Frei Henrique de Távora e Brito, O.P.||1578-1581|
|3º||Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira||1571-1576||reappointed|
|2º||Frei Jorge Temudo, O.P.||1567-1571|
|1º||Gaspar Jorge de Leão Pereira||1558-1567|
|-||Filipe do Rosário Ferrão||1993-2004||Auxiliary Bishop|
|-||Raul Nicolau Gonçalves||1967-1978||Auxiliary Bishop|
|-||Francisco Xavier da Piedade Rebelo||1963-1966||Auxiliary bishop, apostolic administrator sede plena between 1966 and 1972.
|-||António Joaquim de Medeiros||1882-1884||Auxiliary Bishop after bishop of Macau
|-||Tomás Gomes de Almeida||1879-1883||Auxiliary Bishop|
|-||Joaquim de Santa Rita Botelho||1851 - ????||Bishop of Cochin, head vicar and governor of Goa archbishop|
|-||Pedro da Silva||1688-1690||Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator|
|-||Frei Miguel da Cruz Rangel, O.P.||1634-1635||Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator|
|-||Frei João da Rocha||1630-1631||titular bishop of Hierapolis, as Apostolic Administrator
|-||Domingos Torrado, O.E.S.A.||1605-1612||Auxiliary Bishop, titular bishop of Fisicula|
|-||Diego da Conceição de Araújo, O.E.S.A.||1595-1597||Auxiliary Bishop, titular bishop of Calama|
|-||André de Santa Maria, O.F.M.||1593-1595||Bishop of Cochin, as Apostolic Administrator
|-||Jorge de Santa Luzia, O.P.||1559-1560||Bishop of Malacca, as Apostolic Administrator
|2º||Frei João Afonso de Albuquerque, O.F.M.||1539-1553|
|1º||Francisco de Melo||1533-1536||First bishop of Goa, did not take possession.|
|Priests and friars as administrators|
|-||António João de Ataíde||1839-1844||priest|
|-||António Feliciano de Santa Rita Carvalho||1837-1839||head vicar and governor of the archbishopric of Goa|
|-||Paulo António Dias da Conceição||1835-1837||priest, Cathedral administrator|
|-||José Paulo da Costa Pereira de Almeida||1831-1835||priest, Dean of the Cathedral|
|-||Gonçalo Veloso||1629 - 1630||head vicar|
|-||Frei Domingos da Trindade||1612||governor|
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses in India
- Patriarch of the East Indies
- Christianity in India
- Roman Catholicism in India
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured_view)-Episcopal Conference of India
- Goan Catholics
- Francis Xavier
- www.catholic-hierarchy.org | Statistics - Archdiocese of Goa
- Titular Patriarchal See of East Indies
- "Archdiocese of Goa e Damão". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. 2014.
- Conselho Ultramarino, p.455
- Stephen Neill (2004). A History of Christianity in India: The Beginnings to AD 1707. Cambridge University Press. p. 117. ISBN 0521548853.
- Gabriel Saldanha, p 356
- Associação Marítima e Colonial, p. 314
- Associação Marítima e Colonial, p. 314-315
- Instituto Histórico, Geographico e Ethnographico do Brasil, p. 171-172
- Gabriel Saldanha, p.361
- Daman and Diu, brittanica.com]
- Archdiocese of Goa established with suffragan sees of Cochin and Malacca
- Archdiocese of Goa | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
- Diocese of Cochin erected | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
- www.gcatholic.org | Diocese of Cochin
- www.catholic-hierarchy.org | Diocese of Cochin
- Diocese of Malacca | Original Catholic Encyclopedia
- www.gcatholic.org | Diocese of Malacca
- www.catholic-hierarchy.org | Diocese of Malacca
- List of Indian Sees, from the Catholic Bishops Conference of India site
- Data of the Archdiocese, from the UCAN site
- Media related to Churches in India at Wikimedia Commons
- Media related to Roman Catholic churches in India at Wikimedia Commons
- Catholic Hierarchy
- Official site of the Archdiocese of Goa and Daman
- Bibliography ==
- (in Portuguese) Conselho Ultramarino. Annaes do Conselho Ultramarino. Lisboa Imprensa Nacional, 1867. Capítulo: Ásia.
- (in Portuguese) Aleixo de Menezes. id=UPEqJWspkDIC Synodo Diocesano da Igreia e Bispado de Angamale: dos antigos christaos de Sam Thome das Serras do Malauar das partes da India Oriental celebrado pello Reuerendissimo Senhor Dom Frey Aleixo de Menezes Arcebispo Metropolitano de Goa, Primaz da India et partes Orientaes, Coimbra: Officina de Diogo Gomez Loureyro, impressor da Universidade, 1606.
- (in Portuguese) Associação Maritima e Colonial. Annaes Maritimos e Coloniaes.
- (in Portuguese) Manoel José Gabriel Saldanha História de Goa: política e arqueológica. Asian Educational Services, 1990. ISBN 9788120605909
- (in Portuguese) Alexandre Herculano. A reacção ultramontana em Portugal: ou, A Concordata de 21 de fevereiro. Lisboa: Typographia de José Baptista Morando, 1857.
- (in Portuguese) Instituto Histórico, Geographico e Ethnographico do Brasil. Revista trimensal do Instituto Historico, Geographico e Ethnographico do Brasil Rio de Janeiro: B. L. Garnier, 1866. vol.29.
- (in Portuguese) Paiva, José Pedro. Os bispos de Portugal e do Império: 1495-1777 Coimbra: Universidade de Coimbra, 2006. ISBN 97-287-0485-2
- (in Spanish) Ángel Santos Hernández, S.J., Las misiones bajo el patronato portugués, Madrid 1977, pp. 116–117
- (in Latin) Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi vol. 3, p. 204; vol. 4, pp. 195–196; vol. 5, p. 211; vol. 6, p. 227
- Pontifical documents ==
- Aequum reputamus bull in Bullarium patronatus Portugalliae regum, v I, p148–152 (in Latin)
- Etsi Sancta bull in Bullarium patronatus Portugalliae regum, v I, pp.191–192 (in Latin)
- Humanae salutis bull (in Italian)
- Ad nominum bull, AAS 68 (1976), p. 307 (in Italian)
- Cum Christi Evangelii bull (1976) (in Latin)
- Ereção da nova Província Eclesiástica de Goa e Damão (in Portuguese)[dead link]