Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford
Archdiocese of Hartford
|Territory||Counties of Hartford, Litchfield, and New Haven|
|Ecclesiastical province||Province of Hartford|
- Catholics (including non-members)
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Established||November 28, 1843|
|Cathedral||Cathedral of St. Joseph|
|Patron saint||Saint Joseph|
|Archbishop||Leonard Paul Blair|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Juan Miguel Betancourt|
|Vicar General||Steven C. Boguslawski, O.P.|
|Episcopal Vicars||John P. Melnick, Northern Vicarate, John J. Georgia, Southern Vicarate, Joseph T. Donnelly, Western Vicarate|
|Judicial Vicar||George S. Mukuka, J.C.L.|
|Bishops emeritus||Daniel Anthony Cronin|
Henry J. Mansell
Peter A. Rosazza
The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford is a diocese of the Latin Church in Hartford, Litchfield and New Haven counties in the U.S. State of Connecticut. The archdiocese includes about 470,000 Catholics, more than 500 priests, 216 parishes and almost 300 deacons. This is roughly one-half the population of the three counties.
History of Catholics in Connecticut
In 1780-1781, the small town of Lebanon, Connecticut, had the distinction of being the place in which the Catholic "Mass was first celebrated, continuously and for a long period, within the limits of the State of Connecticut." On June 26, 1881, St. Peter's parish, Hartford, celebrated "the centenary of the first Mass in Connecticut." 
The present territory of the archdiocese of Hartford was originally part of the Diocese of Boston until Bishop Benedict Joseph Fenwick of Boston expressed concern that there should be separate dioceses for Connecticut and Rhode Island in keeping with the growing Catholic population in those states.
On November 28, 1843, the Diocese of Hartford was established by Pope Gregory XVI with Willam Tyler as its first bishop. At the time of its creation, there were 10,000 Catholics in the area. Tyler was able to petition successfully to move the See of Hartford to Providence, Rhode Island, in order to be nearer to the majority of the Catholics. He attended the Seventh Provincial Council of Baltimore which convened 5 May 1849, but weakened by consumption died the following month, having served for 5 years.
The second bishop, Bernard O'Reilly, spent his time securing priests for the still young diocese all the while helping to curb the anti-Catholic movements of the time propagated by the Know Nothing Party. To provide for the education of the young, O'Reilly brought to his diocese the Sisters of Mercy, establishing them in his episcopal city in 1851. In January 1856, O'Reilly was lost at sea on board the steamer Pacific. It wasn't until two years later that the third bishop of the diocese was installed, Francis Patrick McFarland, known as the "Civil War Bishop." It was during his time that the Diocese of Providence was created in 1872. Despite ill health, McFarland was able to participate in the First Vatican Council (1869-1870).
Thomas Galberry, an Augustinian friar and former president of Villanova College, was installed as the 4th bishop of Hartford in 1877. Galberry only served for two years before an abrupt death but he was able to lay down the cornerstone of the original cathedral. Galberry was followed by Lawrence S. McMahon. McMahon had served as chaplain with the 28th Massachusetts. Under his leadership of 14 years, 48 parishes as well as 16 school parishes were established. The sixth bishop, Michael Tierney, helped with the creation of 5 diocesan hospitals.
John Joseph Nilan became the seventh bishop while John Murray became the first auxiliary bishop of Hartford. Murray would later become the Archbishop of St. Paul. In 1945, Henry Joseph O'Brien was installed as the ninth bishop of Hartford. During his tenure the diocese became an archdiocese under Pope Pius XII, and thus O'Brien became the first archbishop of Hartford.
Reports of Sex Abuse
There have been a number of trials concerning child abuse. In February 2005, former Archdiocese of Hartford priest Roman Kramek was deported back to his native country of Poland after serving nine months in prison for sexually assaulting a teenage girl who had sought his spiritual counseling in 2002. In August 2013, Michael Joseph Miller, who previously served at St Paul's church in New Britain, plead guilty to possession of child pornography, publishing an obscenity, and three counts of risk of injury to a minor. He was then sentenced to 5-20 years in prison.
On January 22, 2019, the Archdiocese of Hartford released a list of 48 clergy who were "credibly accused" of committing acts of sex while serving in the Archdiocese. The Archdiocese also revealed that $50.6 million was paid to settle more than 140 claims of sexual abuse. In March 2020, a joint settlement of $7.48 million was issued by both the Archdiocese of Hartford and Hopkins School in New Haven for shielding acts of abuse committed by Archdiocese of Hartford priest Glenn Goncalo when he taught at Hopkins between at least 1990 and 1991. Goncalo committed suicide in 1991 as arraignments were being made for him to surrender to the police.
Coat of arms
The web site of the Archdiocese of Hartford provides the following description of its coat of arms, shown in the information box to the right at the beginning of the article: "The arms of the Archdiocese of Hartford are called canting arms or armes parlantes, which speak or proclaim the name of the bearer. It displays a hart (deer) crossing a ford (hart+ford = Hartford), and is analogue to the ancient arms of the City of Oxford in England which displays an ox crossing a ford in the same manner. The hart bears a Paschal banner, a symbol of Jesus Christ. The wavy silver and blue lines at the base of the shield are the heraldic convention for water and are an allusion to the Connecticut River which flows through the state."
The web site credits Pierre de Chaignon Larose for the design, introduced during Nilan’s term as the seventh Bishop of Hartford (1910-1934).
The following are the lists of ordinaries (bishops of the diocese) and auxiliary bishops, and their terms of service. They are followed by other priests of this diocese who became bishops.
Bishops of Hartford
- William Tyler (1843–1849)
- Bernard O'Reilly (1849–1856)
- Francis Patrick McFarland (1858–1875)
- Thomas Galberry (1877–1879)
- Lawrence S. McMahon (1879–1894)
- Michael Tierney (1894–1908)
- John J. Nilan (1910–1934)
- Maurice F. McAuliffe (1934–1944)
- Henry J. O'Brien (1945–1953), elevated to Archbishop
Archbishops of Hartford
- Henry J. O'Brien (1953–1969)
- John F. Whealon (1969–1991)
- Daniel Anthony Cronin (1992–2003)
- Henry J. Mansell (2003–2013)
- Leonard P. Blair (2013–present)
Current auxiliary bishop of Hartford
- Juan Miguel Betancourt (2018–present)
Former auxiliary bishops of Hartford
- John Gregory Murray (1920–1925), appointed Bishop of Portland and later Archbishop of Saint Paul
- Maurice F. McAuliffe (1925–1934), appointed Bishop of Hartford
- Henry Joseph O'Brien (1940–1945), appointed Bishop and later Archbishop of Hartford
- John Francis Hackett (1953–1986)
- Joseph Francis Donnelly (1965–1977)
- Peter A. Rosazza (1978–2010)
- Paul S. Loverde (1988–1993), appointed Bishop of Ogdensburg and later Bishop of Arlington
- Christie Macaluso (1997–2017)
Other priests of this diocese who became bishops
- Thomas Francis Hendricken, appointed Bishop of Providence in 1872
- Bonaventure Broderick, appointed Auxiliary bishop of San Cristóbal de la Habana in Cuba in 1903
- Thomas Joseph Shahan, appointed Rector of The Catholic University of America, and in 1914 Auxiliary Bishop of Baltimore
- Francis Joseph Tief, appointed Bishop of Concordia in 1920
- Joseph Edward McCarthy, appointed Bishop of Portland in Maine in 1932
- Francis Patrick Keough, appointed Bishop of Providence in 1934 and later Archbishop of Baltimore
- Matthew Francis Brady, appointed Bishop of Burlington in 1938 and later Bishop of Manchester
- Patrick Joseph McCormick, appointed Rector of The Catholic University of America twice and later, in 1950, Auxiliary Bishop of Washington
- Vincent Joseph Hines, appointed Bishop of Norwich in 1959
- Peter Leo Gerety, appointed Coadjutor of Portland in 1966 and subsequently succeeded to that see, and later Archbishop of Newark
Dr. Dale R. Hoyt, Superintendent of Catholic Schools
- High schools
- Academy of Our Lady of Mercy, Lauralton Hall, Milford
- Canterbury School, New Milford
- East Catholic High School, Manchester
- Holy Cross High School, Waterbury
- Northwest Catholic High School, West Hartford
- Notre Dame High School, West Haven
- Sacred Heart Academy, Hamden
- Sacred Heart High School, Waterbury
- St. Paul Catholic High School, Bristol
- St. Thomas Seminary, Bloomfield
Province of Hartford
- Catholic Church in the United States
- Ecclesiastical Province of Hartford
- Global organisation of the Catholic Church
- List of Roman Catholic archdioceses (by country and continent)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (alphabetical) (including archdioceses)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured view) (including archdioceses)
- List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
-  Web page titled "The Archdiocese of Hartford" at the Archdiocese of Hartford Web site, accessed June 17, 2007
- Right Rev. Thomas S. Duggan, D.D., The Catholic Church in Connecticut, 1930, p. 13
- Right Rev. Thomas S. Duggan, D.D., The Catholic Church in Connecticut, 1930, p. 14
- Duggan, Thomas. "Hartford." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 7. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 20 August 2019 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Archdiocese of Hartford: List of Churches and Dates of Establishment, Listed by City
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford Official Site
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford at the Wayback Machine (archive index)