Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York

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Archdiocese of New York

Archidioecesis Neo-Eboracensis
Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York.svg
Location
Country United States
TerritoryNew York City (Bronx, Manhattan, Staten Island), Counties of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester, New York
Ecclesiastical provinceNew York
Statistics
Area12,212 km2 (4,715 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2016)
5,872,756
2,642,740 (45%)
Parishes296[1]
Information
DenominationCatholic
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
EstablishedApril 8, 1808
(As Diocese of New York)
July 19, 1850
(As Archdiocese of New York)
CathedralSt. Patrick's Cathedral
Patron saintSt. Patrick
Secular priests932
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
ArchbishopTimothy Michael Cardinal Dolan
Auxiliary Bishops
Vicar GeneralJoseph LaMorte
Bishops emeritus
Map
Archdiocese of New York map 1.png
Website
archny.org
St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York is a Latin Catholic archdiocese in New York State. It encompasses the boroughs of Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island in New York City and the counties of Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Rockland, Sullivan, Ulster, and Westchester. The Archdiocese of New York is the second-largest diocese in the United States by population, encompassing 296 parishes that serve around 2.8 million Catholics, in addition to hundreds of Catholic schools, hospitals and charities.[2][3] The Archdiocese also operates the well-known St. Joseph's Seminary, commonly referred to as Dunwoodie. The Archdiocese of New York is the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of New York which includes the suffragan dioceses of Albany, Brooklyn, Buffalo, Ogdensburg, Rochester, Rockville Centre and Syracuse.

The Latin name of the archdiocese is Archidioecesis Neo-Eboracensis (Eboracum being the Roman name of York, England), and the corporate name is Archdiocese of New York.

It publishes a bi-weekly newspaper, Catholic New York, the largest of its kind in the United States.[4]

Prelature[edit]

The ordinary of the Archdiocese of New York is an archbishop whose cathedra is The Cathedral of St. Patrick (commonly St. Patrick's Cathedral) in Manhattan, New York. The Archbishop of New York is also the metropolitan of the larger Ecclesiastical Province of New York, which consists of the eight dioceses that comprise the State of New York with the exception of a small portion (Fishers Island) that belongs to the Province of Hartford. As such, the metropolitan archbishop possesses certain limited authority over the suffragan sees of the province (see ecclesiastical province).

R. Luke Concanen became the first Bishop of the (then) Diocese of New York in 1808. The current Archbishop of New York is Timothy Michael Cardinal Dolan.

History[edit]

Initially, the territory that now makes up the Archdiocese of New York was part of the Prefecture Apostolic of United States of America which was established on November 26, 1784. On November 6, 1789, the Prefecture was elevated to a diocese and the present territory of the Archdiocese of New York fell under the jurisdiction of the Diocese of Baltimore, headed by the first American bishop, John Carroll.[5]

At the time, there was a dearth of priests to minister to the large territory. The first Roman Catholic Church in New York City was St. Peter's on Barclay Street. The land was purchased from Trinity Church with community donations and a gift of 1,000 pieces of silver from King Charles III of Spain. The church was built in the federal style. Among its regular worshippers were Saint Elizabeth Seton and Venerable Pierre Toussaint.[6]

On April 8, 1808, the Holy See raised Baltimore to the status of an Archdiocese. At the same time, the dioceses of Philadelphia, Boston, Bardstown (now Louisville, KY) and New York were created as suffragan dioceses of Baltimore. At the time of its establishment, the Diocese of New York covered all of the State of New York, as well as the northeastern New Jersey counties of Sussex, Bergen, Morris, Essex, Somerset, Middlesex, and Monmouth.[7]

Since the first appointed bishop could not set sail from Italy due to the Napoleonic blockade, a Jesuit priest, Anthony Kohlmann, was appointed administrator. He was instrumental in organizing the diocese and preparing for its original Cathedral of St. Patrick to be built on Mulberry Street. Among the difficulties faced by Catholics at the time was anti-Catholic bigotry in general and in the New York school system. A strong Nativist movement sought to keep Catholics out of the country and to prevent those already present from advancing.[5]

On April 23, 1847, territory was taken from the diocese to form the dioceses of Albany and Buffalo.[8][9][10][11] The New York diocese was elevated to an archdiocese on July 19, 1850. On July 29, 1853, territory was again taken from the diocese, this time to form the Diocese of Newark and the Diocese of Brooklyn.[12][13][14]

The Bahamas were made a part of the Archdiocese of New York on July 25, 1885, establishing their first permanent Catholic presence, due to their proximity to New York's busy port. Churches and schools were constructed and administered until The Bahamas' eventual dissociation to form the Prefecture Apostolic of Bahama (now the Archdiocese of Nassau) on March 21, 1929. By 1932, The Bahamas were no longer under the spiritual jurisdiction of New York.[15]

Archdiocesan demographics[edit]

As of 2016, the Catholic population of the Archdiocese was 2,642,740. These Catholics were served by 696 archdiocesan priests and 590 priests of religious orders. Also laboring in the diocese were 319 permanent deacons, 962 religious brothers, and 2,260 nuns.[16]

For comparison, in 1929, the Catholic population of the Archdiocese was 1,273,291 persons. There were 1,314 clergy ministering in the archdiocese and 444 churches. There were also 170,348 children in Catholic educational and welfare institutions.[17]

In 1959, there were 7,913 nuns and sisters ministering in the Archdiocese, representing 103 different religious orders.

Anniversaries of significance to the archdiocese[edit]

  • January 4 – Memorial of Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton, native of New York
  • January 5 – Memorial of Saint John Neumann, ordained a priest of New York
  • March 17 – Solemnity of Saint Patrick, Patronal Feast of both the Archdiocese and the Cathedral
  • April 8 – Anniversary of the establishment of the Diocese of New York (1808)
  • July 14 – Memorial of Saint Kateri Tekakwitha, born near Albany in territory which was once part of the Diocese of New York
  • September 5 – Memorial of Saint Teresa of Calcutta, who did missionary work in the Bronx
  • October 5 – Anniversary of Dedication of the current Cathedral of Saint Patrick (1910)
  • November 13 – Memorial of Saint Frances Xavier Cabrini, missionary in New York

Leadership[edit]

Below is a list of individuals who have led the Archdiocese of New York and its antecedent jurisdictions since its founding.[16][18]

Ordinaries[edit]

Bishops of New York[edit]

  1. R. Luke Concanen (1808–1810)
  2. John Connolly (1814–1825)
  3. John Dubois (1826–1842)
  4. John Hughes (1842–1850), became Archbishop of New York (see below)

Archbishops of New York[edit]

  1. John Hughes (1850–1864), was Bishop of New York (see above)
  2. John McCloskey (1864–1885) (Cardinal in 1875)
  3. Michael Corrigan (1885–1902)
  4. John Farley (1902–1918)
  5. Patrick Hayes (1919–1938)
  6. Francis Spellman (1939–1967)
  7. Terence Cooke (1968–1983)
  8. John O'Connor (1984–2000)
  9. Edward Egan (2000–2009)
  10. Timothy Dolan (2009–present)

Coadjutor archbishops of New York[edit]

Under the Code of Canon Law, the coadjutor bishop has the right of succession (cum jure successionis) upon the death, retirement or resignation of the diocesan bishop he is assisting.[19][20][21] All coadjutor ordinaries except for James Francis McIntyre and John Joseph Maguire eventually succeeded to become head of the Archdiocese of New York or its antecedent jurisdictions.

Auxiliary Bishops of New York[edit]

Unlike coadjutors, auxiliary bishops do not have the right of succession, per canon 975, §1 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law.[19] Four auxiliaries went on to become Archbishop of New York.

Other bishops who once were priests in the Diocese or Archdiocese of New York[edit]

Churches[edit]

Schools[edit]

Religious orders[edit]

Cemeteries[edit]

The following cemeteries are under the auspices of Calvary & Allied Cemeteries, Inc.:

Many parishes have their own cemeteries, or their own sections in private cemeteries. An incomplete list of those cemeteries follows:

  • All Souls Cemetery (Pleasantville) - Belongs to Holy Innocents Church in Pleasantville.
  • Assumption Cemetery (Cortlandt Manor) - Belongs to Assumption Church in Peekskill.
  • Calvary Cemetery (Newburgh) - Belongs to St. Patrick Church in Newburgh.
  • Calvary Cemetery (Poughkeepsie) - Belongs to St. Martin de Porres Church in Poughkeepsie.
  • Holy Mount Cemetery (Eastchester) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Tuckahoe.
  • Holy Sepulchre Cemetery (New Rochelle) - Belongs to Blessed Sacrament Church in New Rochelle.
  • Mount Calvary Cemetery (White Plains) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in White Plains.
  • Sacred Heart Cemetery (Barrytown) - Belongs to St. Christopher Church in Red Hook. The parish has a mission chapel in Barrytown.
  • St. Anastasia Cemetery (Harriman) - Belongs to St. Anastasia Church in Harriman.
  • St. Denis Cemetery (Hopewell Junction) - Belongs to St. Denis Church in Hopewell Junction.
  • St. Francis of Assisi Cemetery (Mount Kisco) - Belongs to St. Francis of Assisi Church in Mount Kisco.
  • St. Joachim Cemetery (Beacon) - Belongs to St. Joachim-St. John the Evangelist Church in Beacon. The cemetery consists of an old section and a new section.
  • St. John Cemetery (Goshen) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in Goshen.
  • St. John Cemetery (Pawling) - Belongs to St. John the Evangelist Church in Pawling.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Florida) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Florida.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Middletown) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Middletown.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Millbrook) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Millbrook.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Wurtsboro) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Wurtsboro.
  • St. Joseph Cemetery (Yonkers) - Belongs to St. Joseph Church in Yonkers.
  • St. Lucy Cemetery (Cochecton) - Belongs to St. Francis Xavier Church in Narrowsburg. There was formerly a mission church in Cochecton.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Bangall) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Bangall.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Port Jervis) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Port Jervis.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Wappingers Falls) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Wappingers Falls.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Washingtonville) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Washingtonville.
  • St. Mary Cemetery (Yonkers) - Belongs to St. Mary Church in Yonkers.
  • St. Patrick Cemetery (Millerton) - Belongs to Immaculate Conception Church in Amenia. The parish has a mission chapel in Millerton.
  • St. Patrick Cemetery (Newburgh) - Belongs to St. Patrick Church in Newburgh.
  • St. Peter Cemetery (Kingston) - Belongs to St. Peter Church in Kingston.
  • St. Peter Cemetery (Poughkeepsie) - Belongs to St. Peter Church in Hyde Park. The church was formerly located in Poughkeepsie.
  • St. Raymond Cemetery (The Bronx) - Belongs to St. Raymond Church in the Bronx. The cemetery consists of an old section and a new section.
  • St. Stephen Cemetery (Warwick) - Belongs to St. Stephen-St. Edward Church in Warwick.
  • St. Sylvia Cemetery (Tivoli) - Belongs to St. Sylvia Church in Tivoli.
  • St. Thomas Cemetery (Cornwall-on-Hudson) - Belongs to St. Thomas of Canterbury Church in Cornwall-on-Hudson.

Catholic charitable organizations[edit]

Saints, blesseds, venerables, servants of God[edit]

Major shrines[edit]

Reports of sex abuse[edit]

In August 2018, the archdiocese reported that between 2016 and 2018, its Independent Reconciliation and Compensation Program paid nearly $60 million to 278 victims of sex abuse by clergy.[25] On September 26, 2018, it was reported that the Archdiocese of New York, and the three other dioceses where Theodore McCarrick served as a bishop, were facing an investigation by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops for McCarrick's alleged sex abuse.[26] On January 28, 2019, the New York state Assembly and Senate passed a law allowing prosecutors to bring criminal charges until a victim turned 28, and permitting victims to sue until age 55.[27] New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signed the bill into law on February 14, 2019.[28]

On April 26, 2019, the Archdiocese released a list of 120 Catholic clergy accused of committing acts of sexual abuse.[29] Some of those on the list, which includes both male and female church workers, have been convicted and many are deceased.[30] The list was accompanied by a letter of apology from Cardinal Timothy Dolan, who asked for forgiveness.[31]

On August 14, 2019, James Grien, who has accused McCarrick of sexually abusing him when McCarrick was an Auxiliary Bishop of New York, filed a lawsuit against the Archdiocese of New York for shielding McCarrick from a potential criminal investigation.[32][33] In his lawsuit, Grien also stated that McCarrick's status as a friend of his family allowed the former New York Auxiliary Bishop to continue to visit and sexually abuse him after being transferred to New Jersey's Diocese of Metuchen and Archdiocese of Newark.[34]

On September 30, 2019, Dolan released a report written by Barbara S. Jones, a former judge and prosecutor.[35][36] Her report stated, among other things, that the Archdiocese had completed the process of removing all of its remaining accused clergy from active ministry.[37][38][36] In the same report, Jones recommended that the Archdiocese should also hire a sex abuse "czar" to vet all complaints.[39][38][36] Jones, who was commissioned by Dolan in 2018 to conduct the review of the church's handling of abuse allegations,[40] also recommended hiring "a compliance officer for the Office of Priest Personnel to monitor its functions and oversee the new document management system".[39] Dolan also backed the Jones Report and stated at a press conference that the Archdiocese was expanding its sex abuse policy as well.[36]

On October 10, 2019, it was announced that Pope Francis had accepted the resignation of Bronx-based Auxiliary Bishop John Jenik following an accusation of sex abuse.[41] Appointed Auxiliary Bishop by Pope Francis in 2014, Jenik also served as vicar for the Northwest Bronx, appointed by Dolan's predecessor Edward Egan in 2006.[42] Jenik, who submitted his resignation letter upon turning 75 in March 2019,[41] had stepped out of public ministry in October 2018 after the allegation surfaced.[43]

On May 8, 2020, Cuomo extended the 2019 New York Child Victim Act's statewide statute of limitations deadline to file sex abuse lawsuits, which was originally set for August 14, 2020, to January 14, 2021.[44]

On July 27, 2020, it was revealed that a Catholic priest who served the Archdiocese of New York in upstate New York's Orange Coutny was named in a new sex abuse lawsuit.[45] In the lawsuit, eight men alleged that longtime Orange County priest Rev. George Boxelaar, who is now deceased, sexually abused them when they were children, adding their claims to those of at least three other accusers of the late Boxelaar who have sued.[45] These three other accusers had filed lawsuits through the state Supreme Court in Orange County in late 2019, with one also naming the Archdiocese of New York and both Holy Cross and Our Lady of Mount Carmel churches as defendants.[46] In addition to these new lawsuits, a Scarsdale Catholic school teacher identified as Edwin Gaylor also confessed to committing acts of sex abuse.[47]

Province of New York[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newman, Andy. "New York Archdiocese Will Close 7 More Churches", The New York Times, May 8, 2015.
  2. ^ "New York's Catholic Church". New York State Catholic Conference.
  3. ^ West, Melanie (May 8, 2015). "Archdiocese of New York Announces Parish Merger Decisions". Wall Street Journal.
  4. ^ "Catholic New York". Archdiocese of New York.
  5. ^ a b "Catholic Encyclopeida: Archdiocese of New York". New Advent.
  6. ^ Pronechen, Joseph (September 2, 2011). "9/11's Church: St. Peter Catholic Church Has Witnessed Pivotal Points of U.S. History". National Catholic Register.
  7. ^ "History of the Archdiocese of New York". Archives of the Archdiocese of New York.
  8. ^ "History". Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany.
  9. ^ "Diocese of Albany". Catholic Hierarchy.
  10. ^ "Buffalo". New Advent.
  11. ^ "Diocese of Buffalo". Catholic Hierarchy.
  12. ^ "Archdiocese of Newark". Catholic Hierarchy.
  13. ^ "Archdiocesan History". Archdiocese of Newark.
  14. ^ "Diocese of Brooklyn". Catholic Hierarchy.
  15. ^ "Catholics in the Bahamas: A Brief History". Archives of the Archdiocese of New York.
  16. ^ a b "Archdiocese of New York". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  17. ^ "Topics of Interest to the Churchgoer". The New York Times. 1929-09-07. Retrieved 2019-12-31.
  18. ^ "Booklet for Solemn Vespers Celebrating the Reception of the Archbishop-designate in the Cathedral Church" (PDF). Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York. pp. 26–27. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 5, 2020. Retrieved July 5, 2020.
  19. ^ a b "Code of Canon Law – Book II, Part II, Section II, Title I". Holy See Press Office. Holy See. January 25, 1983. Retrieved April 18, 2020.
  20. ^ Van Hove, A. (1913). "Bishop". In Charles George Herbermann (ed.). The Original Catholic Encyclopedia. 2. Robert Appleton Company. p. 581. Archived from the original on January 14, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  21. ^ Agnew, Paddy; McGarry, Patsy (May 5, 2012). "Vatican may appoint bishop to aid Brady". The Irish Times. Archived from the original on May 6, 2012. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
  22. ^ "Pope Francis accepts resignation of Cardinal McCarrick". Dicasterium pro Communicatione. Vatican News. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 29 July 2018.
  23. ^ National Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel.
  24. ^ The Shrine of Mary Help of Christians.
  25. ^ "Hard Work Ahead to Address 'Spiritual Crisis'". Catholic New York. August 29, 2018.
  26. ^ White, Christopher; San Martín, Inés (September 26, 2018). "Bishops to investigate 4 dioceses after Pope nixes Vatican McCarrick probe". Crux.
  27. ^ Wang, Vivian (January 28, 2019). "They Were Sexually Abused Long Ago as Children. Now They Can Sue in N.Y." – via NYTimes.com.
  28. ^ "New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signs Child Victims Act into law". WKBW. February 14, 2019.
  29. ^ "New York Archdiocese names 120 clergy accused of sexual misconduct". NBC News.
  30. ^ [1][dead link]
  31. ^ Rojas, Rick (April 26, 2019). "New York Archdiocese Names 120 Catholic Clergy Members Accused of Abuse" – via NYTimes.com.
  32. ^ Otterman, Sharon (August 15, 2019). "Hundreds of Child Sexual Abuse Lawsuits Flood N.Y. Courts" – via NYTimes.com.
  33. ^ Avila, Joseph De (December 5, 2019). "Former Cardinal McCarrick Sued for Sex Abuse" – via www.wsj.com.
  34. ^ Hadro, Matt. "New McCarrick lawsuits brought as New Jersey litigation window opens". Catholic News Agency.
  35. ^ Rosendale, Gus (September 30, 2019). "Cardinal Dolan Releases New York Archdiocese Clergy Sex Abuse Report". NBC News. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  36. ^ a b c d Elsen-Rooney, Michael (September 30, 2019). "Catholic Archdiocese of New York has removed all priests accused of sex abuse, investigator says". New York Daily News. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  37. ^ Esposito, Frank (September 30, 2019). "Catholic Archdiocese of New York removes all priests accused of sex abuse, report says". USA Today. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  38. ^ a b "Priests Accused Of Sexual Assault To Be Removed By Archdiocese Of New York". International Business Times. September 30, 2019. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  39. ^ a b Siemaszko, Corky (September 30, 2019). "Independent Investigator recommends Catholic Church's Archdiocese of New York hire sex abuse czar to vet complaints". NBC News. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  40. ^ "After 'Summer of Hell' New York Cardinal Hires Former Judge to Review Church Sex Abuse Policies". NBC New York. September 20, 2018. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  41. ^ a b "Pope Accepts Resignation of Bronx Bishop Accused of Abuse". NBC New York. October 10, 2019. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  42. ^ White, Christopher (October 31, 2018). "New York auxiliary bishop accused of sexual abuse". Crux. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  43. ^ Otterman, Sharon (October 31, 2018). "New York Bishop Is Accused of Sexual Abuse". New York Times. Retrieved October 10, 2019.
  44. ^ Pozarycki, Robert (May 8, 2020). "Time limit extended for sex abuse victims to file claims under New York Child Victims Act". amNewYork.
  45. ^ a b https://www.lohud.com/story/news/local/2020/07/27/more-child-sex-abuse-lawsuits-have-been-filed-court-deadline-nears/5500519002/
  46. ^ https://www.recordonline.com/news/20191203/2-more-sue-alleging-sex-abuse-by-late-orange-county-priest
  47. ^ https://www.lohud.com/restricted/?return=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.lohud.com%2Fstory%2Fnews%2F2020%2F07%2F27%2Fscarsdale-catholic-school-teacher-edwin-gaynor-admits-sex-abuse%2F5492497002%2F

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°45′27″N 73°57′49″W / 40.75750°N 73.96361°W / 40.75750; -73.96361