Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Salvador
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|Archdiocese of San Salvador
Archidioecesis Sancti Salvatoris in America
Arquidócesis de San Salvador
Catedral Metropolitana de San Salvador
|Area||3,295 km2 (1,272 sq mi)|
|(as of 2014)
|Cathedral||Catedral Metropolitana de San Salvador
(Metropolitan Cathedral of the Holy Savior)
|Metropolitan Archbishop||José Luis Escobar Alas|
|Auxiliary Bishops||Cardinal Gregorio Rosa Chávez|
The current Metropolitan Archbishop of San Salvador is Msgr. José Luis Escobar Alas. His cathedral archiepiscopal see is in the Metropolitan Cathedral of the Holy Saviour (Catedral Metropolitana de San Salvador). The city also has a Former Cathedral: Basílica del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús, dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and a Minor basilica: Basílica de la Ceiba de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, dedicated to the Virgin of Guadelupe.
As per 2014, it pastorally served 2,322,000 Catholics (74.0% of 3,137,000 total) on 3,295 km² in 163 parishes and 6 missions with 354 priests (158 diocesan, 196 religious), 1 deacon, 1,471 lay religious (343 brothers, 1,128 sisters) and 107 seminarians.
What is currently the territory of the Republic of El Salvador previously was part of the Spanish colonial Captaincy General (governorship) of Guatemala and, ecclesiastically, of the Archdiocese of Guatemala. Until 1842, there were four church regions in El Salvador, which reported to the San Salvador region, the most important one: Santa Ana, Sonsonate, San Vicente and San Miguel.
- Pope Gregory XVI erected the Diocese of the Divine Savior (in Spanish, El Salvador means "The Savior"), separating the territory of the Republic of El Salvador from the Archdiocese of Guatemala, by Papal bull dated 28 September 1842, constituting it as a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Guatemala.
- On 1913.02.11 it was promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of San Salvador / Sancti Salvatoris in America (Latin), having lost territory to establish as first suffragan sees Diocese of San Miguel and Diocese of Santa Ana
- It lost territories again : on 1943.12.18 to establish Diocese of San Vicente and on 1987.12.30 to establish Diocese of Chalatenango, both as its suffrgans.
- It enjoyed Papal visits from Pope John Paul II in March 1983 and February 1996.
Twentieth century policy
Under three archbishops, Luis Chávez y González, Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez, and Arturo Rivera y Damas (see picture), the archdiocese saw over fifty years of a progressive pastoral ministry influenced by the currents of the Second Vatican Council and a Latin American church trend that later was known as Liberation Theology. Critics interpreted the Church's advocacy for the poor as fomenting a socialist revolution and targeted the clergy for assassination. Two bishops, including Archbishop Romero, were assassinated, as were twenty six priests (including Fr. Rutilio Grande, pictured), three nuns and countless catechists and Church workers.
This comprises the whole country, consisting of the Metropolitan's archbishopric and the following suffragan sees :
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Chalatenango
- Roman Catholic Diocese of San Miguel
- Roman Catholic Diocese of San Vicente
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Santa Ana
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Santiago de María
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Sonsonate
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Zacatecoluca
- The auxiliary bishop of San Salvador is Msgr. Gregorio Rosa Chávez, whom Pope Francis created a Cardinal on 28 June 2017, which is very unusual in that he thus outranks his metropolitan, and as the previous Archbishops of San Salvador- including Oscar Romero and the current Archbishop- has never been a Cardinal.
- The vicars general are Auxiliary Bishop Cardinal Gregorio Rosa Chávez and the Rev. Msgr. Jesús Delgado Acevedo. The archdiocesan chancellor is Msgr. Rogelio Esquivel.
- Four other clerics also hold leading posts in the archdiocese: Msgr. Rafael Edgardo Urrutia Herrera, Msgr. Richard Antall, Msgr. Fernando Arturo Rodríguez, and Fr. Joaquín Alonso Álvarez.
- The San Salvador Archdiocese covers three provinces or departments of El Salvador: San Salvador, La Libertad, and Cuscatlán. The archdiocese is organized into fifteen vicariates or diocesan districts. Eleven of the vicariates cover San Salvador, and are named aftersaints as well as the archbishops Belloso, Chávez, Romero and Rivera, and Father Rutilio Grande.
The following is a list of the Roman Catholic Bishops and Archbishops of the Diocese and Archdiocese of San Salvador (and their terms of service).
- Suffragan Bishops of San Salvador
- Msgr. Dr. Jorge de Viteri y Ungo (1843.01.27 – 1846), next Bishop of León (Nicaragua) (1849.11.05 – death 1853.07.25)
- Msgr. Tomas Miguel Pineda y Saldaña (born Guatemala) (1853.03.10 – death 1872.08.06), previously Titular Bishop of Antigonea (1848.07.08 – 1853.03.10) without actual prelature
- Msgr. Luis Cárcamo y Rodríguez (1872.08.06 – 1885.09.12), succeeding as previous Titular Bishop of Arsinoë in Cypro (1871.11.06 – 1872.08.06) and Coadjutor Bishop of San Salvador (1871.11.06 – 1872.08.06)
- ? Miguel Vecchiotti (1885–1888)
- Msgr. Dr. Antonio Adolfo Pérez y Aguilar (1888.01.13 – 1913.02.11 see below)
- Metropolitan Archbishops of San Salvador
- Msgr. Dr. Antonio Adolfo Pérez y Aguilar ( see above 1913.02.11 – death 1926.04.17)
- Msgr. Dr. José Alfonso Belloso y Sánchez (1927.12.22 – death 1938.08.09), succeeding as former Titular Bishop of Sozusa in Palaestina (1919.12.18 – 1927.12.22) and Auxiliary Bishop of San Salvador (1919.12.18 – 1927.12.22)
- Msgr. Luis Chávez y González (1938.09.01 – 1977.02.03), died 1987; also Apostolic Administrator of suffragan Diocese of San Vicente (El Salvador) (1944 – 1948.11.27), President of Episcopal Conference of Central America (1958 – 1961), President of Episcopal Conference of El Salvador (1958 – 1967 & 1975 – 1977)
- Blessed Msgr. Óscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez (1977.02.03 – murdered 1980.03.24); previously Titular Bishop of Tambeæ (1970.04.25 – 1974.10.15) as Auxiliary Bishop of San Salvador (1970.04.25 – 1974.10.15), Secretary General of Episcopal Secretariat of Central America and Panama (1971 – 1972)
- Auxiliary Bishop: Marco René Revelo Contreras (1978.01 – 1981.02.25), Titular Bishop of Germaniciana (1973.07.14 – 1981.02.25); previously Auxiliary Bishop of Santa Ana (El Salvador) (1973.07.14 – 1978.01); later Bishop of Santa Ana (1981.02.25 – retired 1998.10.19), President of Episcopal Conference of El Salvador (1983 – 1988), President of Episcopal Conference of El Salvador (1995 – 1998), died 2000
- Msgr. Arturo Rivera y Damas (1983.02.28 – 1994.11.26), Salesians (S.D.B.), also President of Episcopal Secretariat of Central America and Panama (1984 – 1988), President of Episcopal Conference of El Salvador (1992 – 1994); previously Titular Bishop of Legia (1960.07.30 – 1977.09.19) as Auxiliary Bishop of San Salvador (1960.07.30 – 1977.09.19), Bishop of Santiago de María (El Salvador) (1977.09.19 – 1983.02.28), Apostolic Administrator of San Salvador (1980 – 1983.02.28)
- Msgr. Fernando Sáenz Lacalle (1995.04.22 – retired 2008.12.27), also President of Episcopal Conference of El Salvador (1998 – 2008.12.27); previously Titular Bishop of Tabbora (1984.12.22 – 1995.04.22) as Auxiliary Bishop of Santa Ana (El Salvador) (1984.12.22 – 1995.04.22) and Apostolic Administrator of the Military Ordinariate of El Salvador (1993.07.03 – 1997.06.19)
- Msgr. José Luis Escobar Alas (27 December 2008 – ...), also President of Episcopal Conference of El Salvador (2009.03 – ...); previously Titular Bishop of Thibica (2002.01.19 – 2005.06.04) as Auxiliary Bishop of San Vicente (El Salvador) (2002.01.19 – 2005.06.04), succeeding as Bishop of San Vicente (2005.06.04 – 2008.12.27).
- Auxiliary Bishop (1982.02.17 – ...): Cardinal Gregorio Rosa Chávez, initiallyly Titular Bishop of Mulli (1982.02.17 – 2017.06.28), Secretary General of Episcopal Secretariat of Central America and Panama (1984 – 1988), Secretary General of Episcopal Secretariat of Central America and Panama (2001 – 2005), created Cardinal-Priest of SS. Sacramento a Tor de’ Schiavi (2017.06.28 – ...).
- TO ELABORATE
- Auxiliary Bishop: Pedro Arnoldo Aparicio y Quintanilla, S.D.B. (1946.02.22 – 1948.11.27)
- Auxiliary Bishop: Rafael Valladares y Argumedo (1956.08.18 – 1961.08.31)
- Auxiliary Bishop: José Eduardo Alvarez Ramírez, C.M. (1965.10.07 – 1968.11.04)