Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Santiago de Chile
Archdiocese of Santiago de Chile
Archidioecesis Sancti Iacobi in Chile
Arquidiócesis de Santiago de Chile
|Ecclesiastical province||Santiago de Chile|
|Area||9,132 km2 (3,526 sq mi)|
|(as of 2010)|
|Established||27 June 1561 (458 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Metropolitan Cathedral of St James|
|Patron saint||St James the Greater|
|Apostolic Administrator||Celestino Aós Braco|
Its Suffragan sees are :
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Linares
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Melipilla
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Rancagua
- Roman Catholic Diocese of San Bernardo
- Roman Catholic Diocese of San Felipe, Chile
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Talca
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Valparaíso
It also has six Minor Basilicas: Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Carmen, a National Shrine, in wine town Maipú, and five more in capital Santiago itself : Basílica de Lourdes Lourdes, Basílica de Nuestra Señora de la Merced, Basílica de Nuestra Señora del Perpetuo Socorro, Basílica del Corazón de María, (all four Marian) and Basílica del Salvador, dedicated to the savior.
- On 27 June 1561, Pope Pius IV established the Diocese of Santiago de Chile, on territories split off from the Diocese of La Plata o Charcas and the Archdiocese of Lima.
- It lost territories repeatedly : on 22 May 1563 to establish the Diocese of Concepción, on 10 May 1570 to establish the Diocese of Córdoba and on 1806.03.28 to establish the Diocese of Salta.
- Pope Gregory XVI elevated the bishopric to Metropolitan Archdiocese of Santiago de Chile on 21 May 1840.
- Since then it has lost territory five more times : on 1840.07.01 to establish the then Diocese of La Serena (now an Archdiocese), on 1872.11.02: Lost territory to establish the then Mission sui juris of Valparaíso (now Diocese of Valparaíso, on 1925.10.18 to establish the Diocese of Rancagua, Diocese of San Felipe and Diocese of Talca, on 1987.07.13 to establish Diocese of San Bernardo (1987), and on 1991.04.04 to establish the Diocese of Melipilla (1991).
- Pope John Paul II visited the Archdiocese on 1 April 1987.
As per 2014, it pastorally served 4,205,000 Catholics (66.9% of 6,290,000 total) on 9,132 km² in 213 parishes and a mission with 877 priests (250 diocesan, 627 religious), 339 deacons, 3,109 lay religious (1,255 brothers, 1,854 sisters), 46 seminarians.
Bishops of Santiago de Chile
- Rodrigo González de Marmolejo (1561-1564)
- Fernando de Barrionuevo, O.F.M. (1566-1571)
- Diego de Medellín, O.F.M. (1574-1593)
- Pedro de Azuaga, O.F.M. (1596-1597)
- Juan Pérez de Espinosa, O.F.M. (1600-1622)
- Francisco González de Salcedo Castro (1622-1634)
- Gaspar de Villarroel, O.S.A. (1637-1651), appointed Bishop of Arequipa and later Archbishop of La Plata
- Diego de Zambrana de Villalobos y Cordero (1653)
- Diego de Humansoro Carantía, O.F.M. (1660-1676)
- Bernardo de Carrasco y Saavedra, O.P. (1678-1694), appointed Bishop of La Paz
- Francisco de la Puebla González (1694-1704)
- Luis Francisco Romero (1705-1717), appointed Bishop of Quito and later Archbishop of La Plata
- Alejo Fernando de Rojas y Acevedo (1718-1723), appointed Bishop of La Paz
- Alonso del Pozo y Silva (1723-1730), appointed Archbishop of La Plata
- José Manuel de Sarricolea y Olea (1730-1734), appointed Bishop of Cusco
- Juan Bravo del Rivero y Correa, C.O. (1734-1743), appointed Bishop of Arequipa
- Juan González Melgarejo, C.O. (1743-1753), appointed Bishop of Arequipa
- Manuel de Alday y Axpée (1753-1789)
- Blas Manuel Sobrino y Minayo (1788-1794), appointed Bishop of Trujillo
- Francisco José Marán (1794-1807)
- José Santiago Rodríguez Zorrilla (1815-1832)
- Manuel Vicuña Larraín (1832-1840)
Archbishops of Santiago de Chile
- Manuel Vicuña Larraín (1840-1843)
- Rafael Valentín Valdivieso y Zañartu (1847-1878)
- Mariano Casanova y Casanova (1886-1906)
- Juan Ignacio González Eyzaguirre (1908-1918)
- Crescente Errázuriz Valdivieso (1918-19831)
- José Horacio Campillo Infante (1931-1939)
- Cardinal José María Caro Rodríguez (1939-1958)
- Cardinal Raúl Silva Henríquez, S.D.B. (1961-1983)
- Cardinal Juan Francisco Fresno (1983-1990)
- Cardinal Carlos Oviedo Cavada O. de M. (1990-1998)
- Cardinal Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa (1998-2010)
- Cardinal Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, S.D.B. (15 December 2010 - 23 March 2019)
Sexual abuse lawsuit
On October 21, 2018, it was reported that Chile’s Court of Appeal ordered the office of Santiago’s Archbishop to pay 450 million pesos ($650,000) to three men who stated they were sexually abused for decades by Chilean priest Fernando Karadima. ourt President Dobra Lusic denied on October 22 that a verdict had been reached and that the lawsuit was still ongoing. A complaint issued on October 25, 2018 accused former Archbishop Cardinal Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa of leading the cover-up of sex abuse committed by Karadima. The complaint also named former Apostolic Nuncio to Chile Archbishop Giuseppe Pinto, Chilean Minister of the Court of Appeals Juan Manuel Muñoz, Archbishop of Santiago Cardinal Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, and the Auxiliary Bishop of Santiago Andrés Arteaga Manieu as witnesses to the cover-up On March 27, 2019, however the Court of Appeals ordered the Archdiocese to pay 100 million pesos (about US$147,000) for "moral damages" to each of the survivors: Juan Carlos Cruz, José Andrés Murillo and James Hamilton. The ruling was confirmed by their lawyer and Santiago Bishop Celestino Aos on March 28.
- "Resignations and Appointments, 22.05.2019" (Press release). Holy See Press Office. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- Castelfranco, Sabina (22 May 2019). "Pope Appoints New Auxiliary Bishops in Chile's Scandal-Rocked Church". VOA. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
- "Vaticano – El P. Alberto Lorenzelli fue nombrado Obispo Auxiliar de Santiago de Chile". Agenzia Info Salesiana. 22 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2019.