Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Seville

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Archdiocese of Seville
Archidioecesis Hispalensis
Archidiócesis de Sevilla
Country Spain
Ecclesiastical province Seville
Area 14,036 km2 (5,419 sq mi)
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2010)
1,890,000 (99.5%)
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 3rd Century (As Diocese of Seville)
4th Century (As Archdiocese of Seville)
Cathedral Cathedral of St Mary in Seville
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Juan Asenjo Pelegrina
Suffragans Diocese of Cádiz and Ceuta
Diocese of San Cristóbal de La Laguna
Diocese of the Canaries
Diocese of Córdoba
Diocese of Huelva
Diocese of Jerez de la Frontera
Auxiliary Bishops Santiago Gómez Sierra
Emeritus Bishops Carlos Amigo Vallejo Cardinal Archbishop Emeritus (2003-2009)
Diocesis sevilla.PNG
Website of the Archdiocese

The Archdiocese of Seville is part of the Catholic Church in Seville, Spain. The Diocese of Seville was founded in the 3rd century. It was raised to the level of an archdiocese in the 4th century. The current Archbishop is Juan José Asenjo Pelegrina. It has the suffragan dioceses of:

Early History of the Diocese[edit]

During Roman times Seville was the capital of the Province of Baetica, and the origin of the diocese goes back to apostolic times, or at least to the 1st century. Saint Gerontius, Bishop of Italica, preached in Baetica, and without doubt must have left a pastor of its own to Seville. It is certain that in 303, when Saints Justa and Rufina were martyred for refusing to adore the idol Salambo, there was a Bishop of Seville named Sabinus, who assisted at the Council of Illiberis in 287.

Zeno (472-486) was appointed vicar apostolic by Pope Simplicius, and Pope Hormisdas gave the same charge to Bishop Sallustius in the provinces of Baetica and Lusitania. However, the see was rendered illustrious above all by the holy brothers Saints Leander and Isidore. The former of these contributed to the conversion of Saint Hermengild and Recared, and presided at the Third Council of Toledo in 589. While the latter presided at the Fourth Council of Toledo and was the teacher of medieval Spain.

The king's son Philip was appointed Archbishop of Seville, while he was given as coadjutor the Dominican Raimundo de Losada, Bishop of Segovia, who became archbishop five years later, on the abdication of the Infante. In addition to the cathedral chapter, another community of clerics was formed to sing the Divine Office in the Chapel Royal of Our Lady of the Kings (Nuestra Senora de los Reyes) about 1252.

Most of the other mosques of the city were converted into churches, but Santa María la Blanca, Santa Cruz, and San Bartolome were left to the Jews for synagogues. The cathedral originated in the great mosque which was the work of the emirs who built the Aljama mosque, rebuilt in 1171 by the Almohad emir, Yusuf-ben Yacub. The famous tower called the Giralda is due to Almanzor. In order to secure the liturgical orientation, when the mosque was converted into a cathedral its width was made the length of the new church; and it was divided into two parts, the lesser part, on the cast, being separated from the rest by a balustrade and grating, to form the chapel royal.

List of Bishops and Archbishops of Seville[edit]

Sevilla2005Julio 003.jpg

External links[edit]