Roman Catholic Diocese of Kottar

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Diocese of Kottar
Dioecesis Kottarensis
கோட்டாறு மறைமாவட்டம்
St. Xavier's Church, The Mother Church of the Diocese
Location
Country  India
Ecclesiastical province Madurai
Metropolitan Madurai
Coordinates 8°11′00.9″N 77°24′42.7″E / 8.183583°N 77.411861°E / 8.183583; 77.411861Coordinates: 8°11′00.9″N 77°24′42.7″E / 8.183583°N 77.411861°E / 8.183583; 77.411861
Statistics
Area 1,665 km2 (643 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2004)
1,720,250
477,174 (27.7%)
Parishes 170
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Latin Rite
Established 26 May 1930
Cathedral Cathedral of St Francis Xavier in Kottar
Patron saint St. Francis Xavier
Current leadership
Pope His Holiness Francis
Bishop Nazarene Soosai
Metropolitan Archbishop Antony Pappusamy
Vicar General Solomon S
Website
Official website

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Kottar (Latin: Kottaren(sis), Tamil: கோட்டாறு மறைமாவட்டம்) is a Latin rite suffragan diocese in the ecclesiastical province of Madurai, southern India[1] yet depends on the missionary Roman Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples

Its episcopal see is Cathedral of St. Francis Xavier at Kottar in the town of Nagercoil, Tamil Nadu. It was built by St. Francis Xavier in 1544 AD, rebuilt in 1603 over the small chapel original chapel, expanded in both 1713 and 1806.[2]

Antecedents[edit]

The Kottar parish was a constituent of Malabar Vicariate since 1657 AD and came under Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Verapoly.[3] Again it became the southern center of Diocese of Quilon at its erection in 1853 AD.

History[edit]

  • Established on 26 May 1930 as Diocese of Kottar / Kottaren(sis) (Latin), on territory split off from the Diocese of Quilon.[5]
  • Due to linguistic reasons as per reorganization of States, Kottar diocese was formally detached from the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Verapoly (in Kerala) and made suffragan of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Madurai (Tamil Nadu) instead in 1963.[3]
  • Lost territory on 2014.12.22 to establish the Diocese of Kuzhithurai.

Episcopal ordinaries[edit]

Suffragan Bishops of Kottar

(all Roman Rite natives)

  •  ?Aloysius Benziger
  • Lorenzo (Lawrence) Pereira (May 26, 1930 – death January 7, 1938)
  • Thomas Roch Agniswami, Society of Jesus (S.J.) (5 January 1939 – retired 23 November 1970), died 1974
  • Marianus Arokiasamy (23 November 1970 – 3 July 1987), next Metropolitan Archbishop of Madurai (India) (1987.07.03 – retired 2003.03.22), also Vice-President of Conference of Catholic Bishops of India (1991 – 1993 & 1994 – 1996), President of Conference of Catholic Bishops of India (1997 – 1999), died 2007
  • Leon Augustine Tharmaraj (14 November 1988 – death 16 January 2007)
  • Peter Remigius (30 June 2007 – retired 20 May 2017.05.20), previously Bishop of Kumbakonam (India) (1989.11.10 – 2007.06.30)
  • Nazarene Soosai (2017.05.20 – ...), nor previous prelature

[6]

Statistics[edit]

As per 2017, it pastorally serves 252,797 Catholics on 750 km² in 92 parishes with 243 priests (208 diocesan, 35 religious), 480 lay religious (35 brothers, 445 sisters) and 42 seminarians.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cheney, David M. "Madurai (Archdiocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy]". www.catholic-hierarchy.org. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  2. ^ "St. Francis Xavier's footprints across the country". The Hindu. 4 December 2006. Retrieved 24 September 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Diocese of Kottar". www.kottardiocese.org. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "INDIA A gift for the Year of Faith: the beatification of the first Indian layman". www.asianews.it. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "History of St. Xavier's Cathedral, Kotta" (PDF). www.francisxaviers.com. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Diocese of Kottar". www.kottardiocese.org. Retrieved 16 September 2016. 

Sources and external links[edit]