Roman Catholic Diocese of Meaux

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Diocese of Meaux
Dioecesis Meldensis
Diocèse de Meaux
Façade Ouest de la Cathédrale de Meaux cropped.jpg
Location
Country France
Ecclesiastical province Paris
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Paris
Statistics
Area 5,931 km2 (2,290 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
1,315,000
829,000 (63.0%)
Parishes 523
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Roman Rite
Established 3rd Century
Cathedral Cathedral Basilica of St Stephen in Meaux
Patron saint Saint Stephen
Secular priests 112 (diocesan)
43 (religious Orders)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Jean-Yves Nahmias
Metropolitan Archbishop Cardinal André Vingt-Trois
Emeritus Bishops Albert-Marie Joseph Cyrille de Monléon Bishop Emeritus (1999-2012)
Yves-Marie-Henri Bescond Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus (1979-1986)
Map
Diocèse de Meaux.svg
Website
Website of the Diocese

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Meaux (Lat. Meldensis), is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in France. The diocese comprises the entire department of Seine-et-Marne. It was suffragan of the Archdiocese of Sens until 1622, and subsequently of Archdiocese of Paris.

The Concordat of 1801 gave to the Diocese of Meaux the department of Marne, but in 1821 and 1822 the territory of the department of Marne was separated from Meaux and distributed to the diocese of Reims and the diocese of Chalôns.

History[edit]

Creation[edit]

The present Diocese of Meaux is made up of the greater part of the former Diocese of Meaux, a large part of the former Diocese of Sens, a part of the former Diocese of Paris, and a few parishes of the former Dioceses of Troyes, Soissons and Senlis. Hildegar, who lived in the ninth century, says in his "Life of St. Faro" (Burgundofaro), that this bishop was the twentieth since St. Denis.

According to the tradition accepted by Hildegaire, St. Denis was the first Bishop of Meaux, and was succeeded by his disciple Saint Saintin, who in turn was succeeded by St. Antoninus; and another saint, named Rigomer, occupied the See of Meaux at the close of the fifth century. In 876 or 877, Hincmar showed Charles the Bald a document which he claimed had been transcribed from a very old copy and according to which St. Antoninus and Saint Saintin, disciples of Saint Denis, had brought to Pope Anacletus the account of the martyrdom of St. Denis, and on their return to Gaul had successively occupied the See of Meaux.

Councils[edit]

A council convoked in 845 at Meaux by Charles the Bald adopted important measures for the re-establishment of discipline in the three ecclesiastical provinces of Sens, Bourges, and Reims. Other councils were held at Meaux in 962,[1] 1082,[2] 1204,[3] 1229 (ended in Paris), where the Count of Toulouse was reconciled with the Church; in 1240 a council was held in which the sentence of excommunication was pronounced against Frederick II by Joannes of Palestrina, legate of Gregory IX; there was held an important council in 1523. Four councils were held at Melun, in 1216, 1225, 1232, 1300. The city of Provins was famous in the Middle Ages for its burlesque ceremonies (fête de fous, fête do l'âne, fête des Innocents) held in the church. The church of Champigny has a magnificent crypt dating from the thirteenth century.

The cathedral of St-Etienne de Meaux is a fine Gothic edifice begun about 1170. The pouillé of 1353 shows that the Chapter of the Cathedral had six dignities and at least thirty-seven Canons (who are named). The dignities were: the Dean, the Archdeacon of Meaux, the Archdeacon of Brie, the Cantor, the Treasurer and the Chancellor.[4]

Notable events[edit]

Pope Eugene III stayed some days at Meaux from 12 June to 30 June 1147.[5]

In 1562 most of the inhabitants of Meaux had become Protestants. In the First War of Religion Joachim de Montluc, sent by the king, proceeded with rigour against them. They were still sufficiently powerful in 1567 to attempt to carry off, in the vicinity of Meaux, Catherine de' Medici and Charles IX; and so for that reason, shortly after St. Bartholomew's day in August 1572, Charles IX ordered the massacre of the Protestants of Meaux. At the château of Fontainebleau, built by Francis I, was held the theological conference of 4 May 1600, between the Catholics (Cardinal du Perron, de Thou, Pithou) and the Calvinists (du Plessis Mornay, Philippe Canaye, Isaac Casaubon).

In 1664 Blessed Eudes preached for two months at Meaux, Mme Guyon passed the first six months of 1695 at the Visitation convent of Meaux, where Bossuet had frequent conferences with her, but failed to make her abandon her mystic views.

The well-known Père Nicolas Loriquet (1767–1845) was superior of the preparatory seminary (the Pétit Seminaire) of Châage, in the Diocese of Meaux, from 1812 to 1814.[6] He was particularly famous for his insistence on the importance of history in the curriculum, and for his elementary textbooks in the subject. His Histoire de France was anti-revolutionary and anti-Napoleonic, and caused controversy for some decades.

Revolution[edit]

The diocese of Meaux was abolished during the French Revolution by the Legislative Assembly, under the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790).[7] Its territory was subsumed into the new diocese, called 'Seine-et-Marne', which was part of the Metropolitanate called the 'Metropole de Paris' (which included seven new 'départements'). The Civil Constitution mandated that bishops be elected by the citizens of each 'département', which immediately raised the most severe canonical questions, since the electors did not need to be Catholics and the approval of the Pope was not only not required, but actually forbidden. Erection of new dioceses and transfer of bishops, moreover, was not in the competence of civil authorities or of the Church in France. The result was schism between the 'Constitutional Church' and the Roman Catholic Church. The legitimate bishop of Meaux, Camille de Polignac, refused to take the oath, and therefore the episcopal seat was declared vacant. Two-thirds of the clergy of Meaux, however, took the oath.[8]

On 27 February 1791 the electors of Seine-et-Marne were assembled, and on 18 March, after three ballots, they elected the parish priest of Dontilly, Pierre Thuin. Thuin travelled to Paris for his consecration, which was carried out on 27 March by Jean-Baptiste Gobel, the titular Bishop of Lydda, who had just been installed as Constitutional Bishop of Paris. Thuin's installation at Meaux was not attended by the Canons of the Cathedral or by the directors of the diocesan seminary. Bishop de Polignac emigrated to Switzerland and then to Hungary; he did not return until 1814. Thuin, and all the Constitutional Bishops, were required to resign in May 1801 by First Consul Bonaparte, who was negotiating a treaty with Pope Pius VII, the Concordat of 1801 (15 July 1801). Once the Concordat went into effect, Pius VII was able to issue the appropriate bulls to restore many of the dioceses and to regulate their boundaries, most of which corresponded closely to the new 'départements'.[9]

Bishops of Meaux[edit]

to 1300[edit]

  • Medovechus (attested 549, 552)[10]
  • Gundoaldus (attested 614, 627)[11]
  • St. Faro (Burgundofarus) (626-672)[12]
  • Hildevertus (672-680);[13]
  • Herlingus (attested 683)[14]
  • [St. Pathus];[15]
  • St. Ebrigisilus (end of the seventh century);[16]
  • St. Gilbert of Meaux (ca. 995 – 1015);[17]
  • Macarius (attested 1011)[18]
  • Bernerus (attested 1029)[19]
  • Dagobertus[20]
  • Galterius (ca. 1045 – 1082)[21]
  • Robert (1082 – 1085)[22]
  • Gauthier de Chambly (1085 – 1105)[23]
  • Manasses (1105 – 9 January 1120)[24]
  • Burchardus (1120 – 3/4 January 1134)[25]
  • Manasses (1134 – 1158)[26]
  • Rainaldus (1158 – 1 May 1161)[27]
  • Hugues (1161)[28]
  • Étienne de la Chapelle (1162 – 1171)[29]
  • Pierre (ca. 1171 – 1176?)[30]
  • Simon (1176 – 7 May 1195)[31]
  • Ansellus (1195 – 1207)[32]
  • Gaufrid de Cressy (Poissy) (1208 – 1213)[33]
  • Guillaume de Nemours (1214 – 19 August 1221)[34]
  • Almaric (1221 – 1222)[35]
  • Pierre de Cuisy (1223 – 1255)[36]
  • Alermus de Cuisy (1255 – 13 August 1267)[37]
  • Jean de Poincy (1267 – 27 October 1269)[38]
  • Jean de Garlande (1269 – ? )[39]
  • Jean (11 April 1288 – ? )[40]
  • Adam de Vaudoy (1289 – 1298?)[41]
  • [Gaufridus 'Butticularius'][42] (July-September 1298)

1300 to 1600[edit]

  • Nicolas Vole (1305 – 18 April 1308)[43]
  • Simon Festu (18 October 1308 – 30 December 1317)[44]
  • Guillaume de Brosse (14 February 1318 – 27 February 1321)[45]
  • Pierre de Moussy (17 February 1321 – 7 October 1325)[46]
  • Durand de St-Pourçain, O.P. (13 March 1326 – 10 September 1334)[47]
  • Jean de Meulant (12 October 1334 – 3 January 1351)[48]
  • Philippe de Vitry (1351–1361);[49]
  • Jean Royer (6 September 1361 – 29 April 1377)[50]
  • Guillaume de Dormans (11 February 1379 – 17 October 1390) (Avignon Obedience)[51]
  • Pierre Fresnel (17 October 1390 – 20 August 1409)(Avignon Obedience);[52]
  • Jean de Saintes (20 August 1409 – 20 September 1418) (appointed by Alexander V)[53]
  • Robert de Girème (10 July 1419 – 19 January 1426)[54]
  • Jean de Briou (8 April 1426 – 17 August 1435)[55]
  • Pasquier de Vaux (23 September 1435 – 25 October 1439)[56]
  • Pierre de Versailles (25 September 1439 – 1446)[57]
  • Jean le Meunier
  • Jean du Drac
  • Tristan de Salazar
  • Louis de Meldun
  • Jean d'Huillier[58]
  • Jean de Pierrefonds (13 November 1500 – 2 September 1510)[59]
  • Louis Pinelle (30 April 1511 – 1515)[60]
  • Guillaume Briçonnet (31 December 1515 – 1534);[61]
  • Cardinal Antoine du Prat (1534–1535);[62]
  • Jean de Buz (13 August 1535 – 9 October 1552)[63]
  • Louis de Brézé (1554 – 1564);[64]
  • Jean du Tillet (1564–1570);[65]
  • Louis de Brézé (1570 – 1589);[66]
  • Alexandre de la Marche (15 October 1589 – 1594)[67]
  • [Jean Touchard] (1594 – 1597)[68]
  • Louis l'Hôpital (13 July 1597 – 1602) in commendam[69]

from 1600 to 1800[edit]

  • Jean de Vieupont (22 April 1602 – 16 August 1623)[70]
  • Jean de Belleau (15 July 1624 – 16 August 1637)[71]
  • Dominique Séguier (10 January 1637 – 16 May 1659);[72]
  • Dominique de Ligny (13 January 1659 – 27 April 1681)[73]
  • Jacques Bossuet (1681–1704);[74]
  • Cardinal Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy (1705–1737)[75]
  • Antoine-René de la Roche de Fontenille (1737–1759)[76]
  • Jean-Louis de Marthonie de Caussade (1759–1779)[77]
  • Camille-Louis-Apollinaire de Polignac (1779 – 1801)[78]
    • Pierre Thuin (Constitutional Bishop) (18 March 1791 – 1801)[79]

since 1800[edit]

  • Louis-Mathias, Count de Barral (1802–1805).[80]
  • Pierre-Paul de Faudoas (1805–1819)[81]
  • Jean-Joseph-Marie-Victoire de Cosnac (1819–1830)[82]
  • Romain-Frédéric Gallard (1831–1839)[83]
  • Auguste Allou (1839–1884)[84]
  • Marie-Ange-Emmanuel de Briey (1884–1909)[85]
  • Emmanuel-Jules-Marie Marbeau (3 February 1910 – 31 May 1921)
  • Louis-Joseph Gaillard (21 November 1921 – 25 September 1931)
  • Frédéric Lamy (16 August 1932 – 20 August 1936)
  • Joseph Evrard (1 February 1937 – 25 July 1942)
  • Georges-Louis-Camille Debray (25 July 1942 – 29 April 1961)
  • Jacques Ménager (7 December 1961 – 13 July 1973)
  • Louis Kuehn (13 May 1974 – 27 August 1986)
  • Guy Gaucher (27 August 1986 – 7 May 1987)
  • Louis Cornet (31 July 1987 – 17 August 1999)
  • Albert-Marie de Monléon, O.P. (17 August 1999 – 9 August 2012)

Bishop-Emeritus[edit]

The Bishop Emeritus is Albert-Marie Joseph Cyrille de Monléon (born 20 January 1937, in Paris, who was installed on 10 October 1999 following his transfer from the post of Bishop of Pamiers. On Thursday, August 9, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI accepted the resignation of Bishop de Monléon , who had reached the mandatory retirement age of 75, from the Diocese of Meaux, and appointed as the next Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Meaux, Auxiliary Bishop Jean-Yves Nahmias, Auxiliary Bishop of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Paris.[86]

Current Bishop[edit]

Bishop Jean-Yves Nahmias

Bishop Jean-Yves Nahmias was born on September 16, 1957 in Saint-Mand, near Paris, in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Créteil in Créteil, France. He studied at the University of Paris I, where he has been a member of G.F.U. (Groupes de Formation Universitaire); he graduated with a License in Financial Law. He pursued his studies in philosophy and theology for two years at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, then as a student of the French Seminary in Rome, and then in the Institute of Theological Studies in Brussels, where he obtained a Licentiate in Sacred Theology in 1991. Nahmias was ordained to the priesthood on June 24, 1989, and was incardinated for service to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Paris. Nahmias served as Parochial Vicar (Assistant Pastor) at the Parish of Notre-Dame de la Croix, Paris, and as a Chaplain in Public Schools Jean-Baptiste-Clément, Etienne Dolet and Martin Nadaud (1990-1994). In addition, from 1992 to 1996, was in charge of the Diocesan Service for Vocations, and from 1993, Director of Office for Vocations. Later, he was the Parochial Vicar at the Parish Saint-Ambroise, and a Chaplain in Public Schools Voltaire and Alain-Fournier (1994-1996). He became Rector of the Archdiocesan Seminary of Paris and the Diocesan Delegate for the Seminarians (1996-2001); and finally, was the Vicar General of the Archdiocese of Paris under Cardinals Jean-Marie Lustiger and André Vingt-Trois (2001-2006). Father Nahmias was appointed as Titular Bishop of Termini Imerese and Auxiliary Bishop of Paris on June 1, 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI, and was consecrated a bishop on September 8, 2006. He serves as President of Radio Notre-Dame. Within the French Bishops' Conference, he serves on the Board for Communication.[87]

Local saints[edit]

A number of saints are found in the traditions of the diocese of Meaux:

  • St. Autharius, a relative of St. Faro, who received St. Columbanus in his domain at Ussy-sur-Marne, and father of Blessed Ado, who founded about 630 the two monasteries of Jouarre, and of St. Ouen who founded the monastery of Rebais in 634 and subsequently became Bishop of Rouen;
  • The anchorite St. Féfre or Fiacre, and the missionary St. Chillen, both Irishmen, contemporaries of St. Faro (first half of the seventh century);
  • St. Aile (Agilus), monk of Luxeuil who became in 634 the first Abbot of Rebais;
  • St. Telchilde, died about 660, first Abbess of Jouarre;
  • St. Aguilberte, second Abbess of Jouarre, a sister of St. Ebrigisilus (end of seventh century);
  • St. Bathilde, wife of Clovis II, foundress of the abbey of Chelles, died in 680;
  • St. Bertille, first Abbess of Chelles, and St. Etheria, first Abbess of Notre-Dame of Soissons (658), both of them pupils at the abbey of Jouarre;
  • St. Vincent Madelgaire (or Mauger), founder of the monasteries of Haumont and Soignies;
  • His wife, St. Waldetrude, foundress of the monastery of Mons;
  • St. Aldegonde, sister of St. Waldetrude, first Abbess of Maubeuge;
  • St. Landry, Abbot of Soignies, claimed by some as a Bishop of Meaux;
  • St. Adeltrude and St. Malberte, nuns of Maubeuge, the last three being children of St. Vincent Madelgaire and St. Waldetrude (seventh century).

Pilgrimages[edit]

The principal pilgrimages of the diocese are:

  • Notre Dame de Lagny, dating from 1128;
  • Notre Dame du Chêne de Preuilly, dating from the foundation of the Cistercian Abbey (1118);
  • Notre Dame du Chêne at Crouy-sur-Ourcq, dating from the beginning of the seventeenth century;
  • Notre Dame de Bon Secours near Fontainebleau (the pilgrimage was established in 1661 by d'Auberon, an officer of the great Condé);
  • Notre Dame de la Cave at Champigny;
  • Notre Dame de Pitié at Verdelot;
  • Notre Dame de Melun at Melun;
  • Notre Dame du Puy at Sigy. The head of St. Veronica at Pomponne has long been the object of a pilgrimage, greatly furthered by the Jesuits in 1670;
  • The cloak (chape) of St. Martin of which a large portion is preserved at Bussy-St-Martin, also attracts pilgrims.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The meeting at the Matrona River (Marne) in the territory of Meaux in 962 was made necessary by conflict over the succession to the diocese of Reims, following the death of Archbishop Artaldus. Thirteen bishops met under the presidency of Archbishop of Sens. One Hugues was a controversial candidate, and so the matter was referred to Rome. Pope John XII rejected Hugues, and Odalric was elected instead. J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio editio novissima XVIII (Venice: Zatta 1773), pp. 459-460.
  2. ^ Du Plessis, I, p. 108, places the council in 1080, and notes that it was presided over by Bishop Hugues de Die, the Papal Legate. Ursion Bishop of Soissons was deposed.
  3. ^ The Council of 1204 was ordered by Pope Innocent III, and was presided over by his Apostolic Legate, the Cistercian Abbot John of Casamare. Its purpose was to bring about peace between King John of England and King Philip II of France. It failed. Mansi, Vol. XX (Venice 1778), pp. 745-750.
  4. ^ A. Longnon, Pouillés de la province de Sens (Paris: Imprimérie nationale 1904), pp. 460-461; cf. p. 472. In 1681 there were 6 dignities and 37 Canons: Ritzler, V, p. 263 note 1. In 1759 there were 6 dignities and 43 Canons: Ritzler, VI, p. 284 note 1.
  5. ^ P. Jaffe, Regesta pontificum Romanorum II (Leipzig: Veit 1888), pp. 44-45.
  6. ^ Jean Nicolas Loriquet (1845). Vie du révérend père Loriquet: de la Compagnie de Jésus, écrite d'après sa correspondance et ses ouvrages inédits (in French). Paris: Poussielque-Rusand. pp. 84–112.  John W. Padberg (January 1969). Colleges in Controversy: The Jesuit Schools in France from Revival to Suppression, 1815-1880. Harvard University Press. pp. 52–55; 75. ISBN 978-0-674-14160-5. 
  7. ^ Ludovic Sciout (1872). "Chapitre IV: La Constitution Civile". Historie de la constitution civile du clergé (1790-1801) (in French). Tome premier. Paris: Firmin Didot frères. 
  8. ^ Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802). (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. p. 75. 
  9. ^ Concordat, et recueil des bulles et brefs de N.S.P. le pape Pie VII, sur les affaires actuelles de l'église de France (in Latin and French). chez J.R. Vigneulle. 1802. pp. 24–43.  (Latin, with French translation)
  10. ^ Medovechus was present at the Council of Orleans in 549, and at the Council of Paris in 552. C. De Clercq, Concilia Galliae, A. 511 – A. 695 (Turnhout: Brepols 1963), pp. 59 and 168. Duchesne, p. 477, no. 1.
  11. ^ De Clerq, p. 282. Duchesne, p. 477, no. 2.
  12. ^ Faro's father, Chagneric, was Chancellor of King Dagobert I; his brother Chagnoald was Bishop of Laon. Faro's sister St. Fara (Burgundofara) founded the Abbey of Faremoutiers, while Faro himself built at Meaux the monastery of St-Croix. He is attested in 637/638, 660, 664, and 667. Hadrian, the associate of Theodore, Archbishop of Canterbury, spent the winter of 668/669 with Faro. Bede, Ecclesiastical History IV. 1. Hildegarius, Bishop of Meaux, "Life of St. Faro", in: Martin Bouquet (ed.), Recueil des historiens des Gaules et de la France Tome troisième (Paris 1741), p. 504. Allou, pp. 22-25. Duchesne, p. 477, no. 3.
  13. ^ Allou, pp. 25-27 (citing the Life of S. Faro by Hildegarius, the 9th century Bishop of Meaux). Duchesne, p. 478, no. 4.
  14. ^ Duchesne, p. 478, no. 5.
  15. ^ Pathus was a monk of the monastery of Jarre; he died ca. 684 on the day of his election, and was buried in the Monastery of Jarre, according to Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1601. Allou, pp. 27-28, cites only the existence of his relics in the Cathedral, and a village that bears his name. He is passed over by Duchesne. His episcopacy may have been a figment of the monks of Jarre.
  16. ^ Ebrigisilus, from 684: Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1601-1602. Allou, p. 28.
  17. ^ Gilbert is dated by Du Plessis, p. 92, to the years 995 to 1015; Gallia christiana places his death in 1009. He had previously been Archdeacon of Meaux, appointed by Bishop Archanradus. Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1606-1607. Allou, pp. 33-35.
  18. ^ Macarius had been a Canon of Notre-Dame de Paris. On 9 January 1011 he gave the Chapter of Paris two churches in his diocese. Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1607. Allou, p. 35.
  19. ^ Bernarius participated in the dedication of the church of Saint-Aignan in Orléans in 1029. Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1067. Allou, pp. 35-36.
  20. ^ Dagobertus: Allou, p. 36.
  21. ^ Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1608-1609. Allou, p. 36. Gams, p. 575.
  22. ^ Robert was Abbot of Rebais. He was elected eight days after the death of Bishop Galterius at the Council of Meaux, presided over by Hugues de Die, the Papal Legate. He was excommunicated by Richer, Archbishop of Sens, on 2 November 1085. Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1609. Allou, pp. 36-37.
  23. ^ Gauthier had been a Canon of Paris. He was consecrated by Richer, Archbishop of Sens, in July 1105. Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1609-1610. Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1610-1611. Allou, p. 37.
  24. ^ Manasses had been Archdeacon of Meaux. He participated in the coronation of King Louis le Gros on 3 August 1108 at Orléans. Allou, pp. 37-38.
  25. ^ Burchardus had been Canon of the Cathedral of Sens. Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1611-1613. Allou, p. 38.
  26. ^ Manasses participated in the Council of Sens of 1140. Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1613-1615. Allou, pp. 38-39.
  27. ^ Raynaud was also Abbot of Joue. Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1615. Allou, pp. 39-40.
  28. ^ Hugues had been Dean of the Cathedral of Meaux. He died on 6 or 7 September 1161. Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1615. Allou, p. 40.
  29. ^ Étienne de la Chapelle was the brother of Gauthier, Chamberlain of King Louis VII. He had been Canon of Sens, and Cantor of the Church of Meaux. He was one of the commissioners appointed by Pope Alexander III to reform the monastery of St.-Victor de Paris. In 1171 Étienne de la Chapelle was elected Archbishop of Bourges. Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1615-1616. Allou, pp. 40-41.
  30. ^ Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1616-1617. Allou, pp. 41-42 (following Gallia christiana, believing that there were two Pierres, and having considerable trouble with a chronology). A second Pierre is based on a letter of Pierre de Celles which mentions the Church of Meaux and a Master Pierre and the Archdeacon Simon.
  31. ^ Simon: Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1617-1618. Allou, p. 43.
  32. ^ Ansellus: Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1618-1620. Allou, pp. 43-44.
  33. ^ Gaufrid was elected in 1208 after a contested election, but still had not been consecrated in August 1209. He resigned in 1213. Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1620-1622. Allou, pp. 44-45. Eubel, I, p. 333, with note 1.
  34. ^ Guillaume de Nemours: Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1622-1623. Allou, p. 45. Gams, p. 575.
  35. ^ Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1623. Gams, p. 575.
  36. ^ Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1623-1628. Gams, p. 575.
  37. ^ Alermus: Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1628-1629.
  38. ^ Jean de Poincy: Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1629.
  39. ^ Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1629-1630.
  40. ^ Jean had been Cantor in the Cathedral Chapter of Meaux, and was Abbot of the monastery of St.-Jean in Soissons. Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1630-1631. Eubel, I, p. 333 with note 3.
  41. ^ Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1631-1632. Gams, p. 576. Eubel, I, p. 334.
  42. ^ Gaufridus was involved in a disputed election, but died before consecration or installation.
  43. ^ Vole:Eubel, I, p. 334.
  44. ^ Festu: Eubel, I, p. 334.
  45. ^ Guillaume had previously been Dean of the Cathedral Chapter of Bourges, and then Bishop of Le Puy (1317–1318). He was transferred to the diocese of Bourges on 27 February 1321. Eubel, I, pp. 91, 138, 334.
  46. ^ Pierre had previously been a Protonotary Apostolic and Archdeacon of Bayeux. He was transferred to the diocese of Viviers on 7 October 1325. Eubel, I, p. 334, with note 6; 533.
  47. ^ A Master of theology, Durand had briefly been Bishop of Limoux (1317–1318), then Bishop of Le Puy (1318–1326). Durand was a commentator on the "Book of Sentences", known as the "resolutive doctor". Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1634-1635. Eubel, I, pp. 91, 306 with note 1, and 334.
  48. ^ Jean de Meulant had been Archdeacon of Bria. He was transferred to the diocese of Noyon on 3 January 1351. Eubel, I, pp. 334 and 373.
  49. ^ Philippe had been Archdeacon of Bria in the Church of Soissons. He was a friend of Petrarch and author of the "Metamorphoses d'Ovide Moralisées"
  50. ^ Royer had been Cantor in the Chapter of the Cathedral of Rouen. He was Almoner to King John II of France. Gallia christiana VIII, pp. 1636–1637. Allou, pp. 60-61. Eubel, I, p. 334.
  51. ^ Guillaume de Dormans was the son of Guillaume de Dormans, Chancellor of France, and nephew of Cardinal Jean de Dormans. He had been Archdeacon of Meaux (1371–1379). He was transferred to the Archdiocese of Sens on 17 October 1390. Gallia christiana VIII, p. 1637. Allou, pp. 61-62. Eubel, I, p. 334.
  52. ^ Fresnel had been Canon of Rouen, and held a Licenciate in Civil and Canon Law. Fresnel was several times ambassador of Charles VI. On 20 August 1409 he was transferred to the diocese of Noyon. Allou, pp. 62-63. Eubel, I, p. 334 and 373.
  53. ^ Jean de Saints had been Bishop of Gap from 1405; he participated in the Council of Pisa in 1409. Allou, p. 63. Eubel, I, p. 334.
  54. ^ Robert de Girème held a Licenciate in Law. Eubel, I, p. 334, with note 10.
  55. ^ Jean de Briou was an Archdeacon of Rouen before election to Meaux. Eubel, I, p. 334, with note 11; II, p. 189.
  56. ^ Pasquier de Vaux was a Doctor of Canon Law. He was transferred to Evreux on 25 October 1439. He was transferred to Lisieux on 28 January 1443. He died on 10 July 1447. Eubel, II, pp. 189 and 148.
  57. ^ Pierre was charged with important missions by Pope Eugene IV. He was commissioned by Charles VII in 1429 to examine Joan of Arc, had declared himself convinced of the Divine mission of the Maid of Orléans. Eubel, II, pp. 189.
  58. ^ Huillier had been Dean of the Cathedral of Paris and held the dregree of Master of theology. Eubel, II, p. 189 with note 4.
  59. ^ Jean de Pierrefonds had been Archdeacon of Josayo in the Church of Paris. Eubel, II, p. 189 with note 5; III, p. 240 note 2.
  60. ^ Louis Pinelle resigned. He died on 2 January 1516. Eubel, III, p. 240.
  61. ^ Briçonnet was ambassador of Francis I to Leo X. During his episcopate the Reformation was introduced by Farel and Gérard Roussel, whom he had personally called to his diocese for the revival of studies.
  62. ^ Antoine du Prat had an active share in the drawing up of the concordat between Francis I and Leo X in 1516. Eubel, III, p. 240, with note 4.
  63. ^ Eubel, III, p. 240.
  64. ^ Eubel, III, p. 240, with note 6.
  65. ^ Tillet was a controversialist writer and historian.
  66. ^ Eubel, III, p. 240.
  67. ^ Gams, p. 576.
  68. ^ Gams, p. 576. Eubel, III, p. 240.
  69. ^ L'Hôpital resigned in 1602. He died on 20 May 1660. Gams, p. 576. Eubel, III, p. 240.
  70. ^ Vieupont: Gams, p. 576. Gauchat, IV, p. 237 with note 4.
  71. ^ Belleau was a priest of Lisieux. He was nominated by King Louis XIII on 18 August 1623, and approved (preconized) by Pope Urban VIII on 15 July 1624. He was installed on 22 February 1626. He died on 16 August 1637. Gams, p. 576. Gauchat, IV, p. 237 with note 5.
  72. ^ Séguier: Gams, p. 576. Gauchat, IV, p. 237 with note 6.
  73. ^ On 13 January 1659 de Ligny was named Coadjutor Bishop of Meaux for the incompetent Dominique Séguier. Gauchat, IV, p. 237 with note 7.
  74. ^ Bossuet had been Bishop of Condom, named by King Louis XIV on 13 September 1669, and consecrated on 21 September 1670. But he never took up the post, since he was named Tutor of the Dauphin. He was offered the diocese of Meaux on 2 April 1681, and made his formal entry on 7 February 1682. In the Assembly of the Clergy in 1682, he defended the Gallican declaration and the Four Articles. He died in Paris on 12 April 1704. Jean, pp. 300-301. Ritzler, V, p. 263 with note 2.
  75. ^ Thiard de Bissy was celebrated for his conflict with the Jansenists. Jean, p. 301. Ritzler, V, p. 263 with note 3.
  76. ^ Fontenille was born in Paris, and held a Licenciate in theology from the University of Paris. For five years he was Vicar-General of Amiens. He was named by King Louis XV on 31 August 1737, and consecrated on 12 January 1738. He died at Meaux on 7 January 1759. Jean, pp. 301-302. Ritzler, VI, p. 284 with note 2.
  77. ^ Caussade was a native of Périgueux, and was a Doctor of theology (Paris). For six years he was Theological Canon and Vicar-General of Tarbes. He was consecrated a bishop on 18 May 1749 He had been Bishop of Poitiers (1749–1759) before being named Bishop of Meaux King Louis XV and approved by Pope Clement XIII on 12 March 1759. Caussade died in Paris on 3 February 1779. Jean, p. 302. Ritzler, VI, p. 284 with note 3; p. 337 with note 2.
  78. ^ Polignac was born in Paris, and held a Licenciate in Civil and Canon Law. For some eight years he had been Vicar-General of Auxerre. He was nominated Bishop of Meaux by King Louis XVI on 28 February 1779, and confirmed (preconized) by Pope Pius VI on 12 July 1779. He was consecrated on 8 August 1779. He resisted the intrusion of a Constitutional bishop in 1791 and fled to Switzerland and then to Hungary, leaving the administration of the diocese of Meaux in the hands of J. Bonnet de Châteaurenard. He resigned the diocese on 10 November 1801, in accordance with the wishes of Pope Pius VII, who was attempting to implement the provisions of the Concordat of 1801. He died in Paris, to which he had returned in 1814, on 27 October 1821. Jean, p. 302. Ritzler, VI, p. 284 with note 4.
  79. ^ He and all Constitutional bishops were compelled to resign by First Consul Bonaparte in May 1801. Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802). (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. pp. 74–78. 
  80. ^ In 1774 Barral was the conclavist of Cardinal de Luynes. Barral was later Grand Almoner of Empress Josephine and, from 30 January 1805, Archbishop of Tours. He took a prominent part in 1810 and 1811 in the negotiations between Napoleon and Pius VII. Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français pp. 346-347.
  81. ^ Faudoas was named Bishop of Meaux by the Emperor Napoleon on 30 January 1805 and consecrated on 21 April in Notre-Dame in Paris. He was installed at Meaux on 17 May 1806. He resigned for health reasons on 8 September 1819, and died in Paris on 3 April 1824. He was a Chevalier of the Légion d' honneur. Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français p. 347.
  82. ^ Cosnac was named Bishop of Meaux on 3 September 1819, and approved by Pope Pius VII on 27 September 1819. He was consecrated on 7 November in Paris in Saint-Roch. He was transferred to Sens on 19 April 1830. Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français pp. 347-348.
  83. ^ Gallard was Grand Aumonier (1814-1822) and Chaplain of Saint-Cloud. He was an honorary Canon of Paris (1820) and of Saint-Denis (1822). He refused the diocese of Le Mans in 1829. He was Confessor of the Duchess of Orleans, who became Queen of France in 1830. On 19 April 1830 he was nominated Bishop of Meaux by the Polignac government, which was approved by Pope Pius VIII on 5 July. He was consecrated on 17 April 1831 by Hyacinthe-Louis de Quélen, Archbishop of Paris (1821–1839), his patron. He was named Coadjutor Archbishop of Reims and Archbishop of Anazarbus on 21 February 1839, but he died on 28 September 1839. Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français p. 348-349.
  84. ^ Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français pp. 349-350.
  85. ^ Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français p. 350. Briey was one of the leaders of the ultramontane faction among the bishops of France in 1904-1905: Jean-Pierre Chantin; Daniel Moulinet (2005). La séparation de 1905: les hommes et le lieux (in French). Paris: Editions de l'Atelier. p. 54. ISBN 978-2-7082-3786-5.  He died during the night of 11/12 December 1909.
  86. ^ Chapelle-Crecy.com Merci Monseigeur Albert-Marie de Monléon, retrieved: 2016-12-23. (French)
  87. ^ Le diocèse de Meaux, Monseigneur Jean-Yves Nahmias Archived December 8, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., retrieved: 2016-12-22.

Bibliography[edit]

Reference works[edit]

Studies[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°57′37″N 2°52′47″E / 48.9602°N 2.87975°E / 48.9602; 2.87975