Roman Catholic Diocese of Nîmes

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Diocese of Nîmes (–Uzès and Alès)

Dioecesis Nemausensis (–Uticensis et Alesiensis)

Diocèse de Nîmes (–Uzès et Alès)
Facade - Cathédrale Notre-Dame-et-Saint-Castor - Nîmes 2014.jpg
Location
Country France
Ecclesiastical provinceMontpellier
MetropolitanArchdiocese of Montpellier
Statistics
Area5,880 km2 (2,270 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics (including non-members)
(as of 2004)
623,125
364,523 (58.5%)
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
Sui iuris churchLatin Church
RiteRoman Rite
EstablishedName Changed: 27 April 1877
CathedralCathedral Basilica of Our Lady and St. Castor in Nîmes
Patron saintNotre Dame
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopNicolas Brouwet
Metropolitan ArchbishopPierre-Marie Carré
Bishops emeritusRobert Wattebled
Website
Website of the Diocese

The Diocese of Nîmes (Latin: Dioecesis Nemausensis; French: Diocèse de Nîmes) is a diocese of the Latin Church of the Catholic Church in France. The diocese comprises all of the department of Gard. It is a suffragan of the Diocese of Avignon.

By the Concordat of 1801 the territory of Diocese of Nîmes was united to that of the Diocese of Avignon. It was re-established as a separate diocese in 1821 and a Brief of 27 April 1877, granted its bishops the right to add Alais (the modern Alès) and Uzès to their episcopal style, these two dioceses being now combined with that of Nîmes. Therefore, the formal name is he Diocese of Nîmes (–Uzès and Alès) (Latin: Dioecesis Nemausensis (–Uticensis et Alesiensis); French: Diocèse de Nîmes (–Uzès et Alès)).

History[edit]

Nîmes (Latin: Nemausus) was an important city in Roman antiquity. The Pont du Gard is not far away.

Late and rather contradictory traditions attribute the foundation of the Church of Nîmes either to Celidonius, the man "who was blind from his birth" of the Gospel, or to St. Honestus, the apostle of Navarre, said to have been sent to southern France by St. Peter, with St. Saturninus (Sernin), the apostle of Toulouse. The true apostle of Nîmes was St. Baudilus, whose martyrdom is placed by some at the end of the 3rd century, and by others at the end of the fourth. Many writers affirm that a certain St. Felix, martyred by the Vandals about 407, was Bishop of Nîmes, but Louis Duchesne questions this.

There was a see at Nîmes at least as early as 396, for in that year a synodical letter was sent by a Council of Nîmes to the bishops of Gaul.

Bishops[edit]

The first bishop whose date is positively known is Sedatus, present at the Council of Agde in 506.

Other noteworthy bishops are:

Urban II, coming to France to preach the crusade, consecrated the Cathedral of Nîmes in 1096 and presided over a council. Pope Alexander III visited Nîmes in 1162. Clement IV (1265–1268), born at Saint Gilles, in this diocese, granted the monastery of that town numerous favors.

St. Louis, who embarked at Aigues-Mortes for his two crusades, surrounded Nîmes with walls. In 1305, Clement V passed through the city on his way to Lyon to be crowned. In consequence of disputes about the sale of grapes to the papal household, Innocent VI laid an interdict on Nîmes in 1358.

The diocese was greatly disturbed by the Wars of Religion: on 29 Sept., 1567, five years before the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, the Protestants of Nîmes carried out the massacre of Catholics known in French history as the Michelade. Louis XIII of France at Nîmes issued the decree of religious pacification known as the Peace of Nîmes.

To 1000[edit]

1000 to 1300[edit]

1300 to 1500[edit]

1500-1800[edit]

  • 1515–1554 Michel Briçonnet
  • 1554–1561 Claude I. Briçonnet
  • 1561–1568 Bernard VI. d'Elbène
  • 1573–1594 Raymond III. Cavalésy
  • 1598–1625 Pierre IV. de Valernod
  • 1625–1633 Claude II. de Saint-Bonnet de Thoiras
  • 1633–1644 Anthime Denis Cohon
  • 1644–1655 Hector d'Ouvrier
  • 1655–1670 Anthime Denis Cohon (second time)
  • 1671–1689 Jean-Jacques III. Séguier de la Verrière
  • 1692–1710 Esprit Fléchier
  • 1710–1736 Jean VII. César Rousseau de la Parisière
  • 1737–1784 Charles Prudent de Becdelièvre
  • 1784–1801 Pierre V. Marie-Magdeleine Cortois de Balore

From 1800[edit]

Pilgrimages and saints[edit]

The following Saints are especially venerated in the present Diocese of Nîmes: St. Castor, Bishop of Apt (4th to 5th century), a native of Nîmes; the priest St. Theodoritus, martyr, patron saint of the town of Uzès; the Athenian St. Giles (AEgidius, seventh cent.), living as a recluse near Uzès when he was accidentally wounded by King Childeric,[citation needed] later abbot of the monastery built by Childeric in reparation for this accident, venerated also in England; Blessed Peter of Luxemburg who made a sojourn in the diocese, at Villeneuve-lès-Avignon (1369–87); Ste. Artimidora, whose relic are in Aimargues church.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liste des évêques établie par Georges Mathon pour Nemausensis [archive]
  2. ^ Sermons jumeaux de Sedatus de Nîmes pour la fête de Noël, par Pierre-Patrick Verbraken, in Revue bénédictine n°88, p. 81-91, 1978.
  3. ^ Fiche sur le site de la bibliothèque Saint-Étienne de Jérusalem [archive].
  4. ^ Le Bréviaire d'Alaric : aux origines du code civil, dir. par Dumézil et Rouche, Paris, PUPS, 2008.
  5. ^ De consolatione peccatoris, attribué à Sedatus de Nîmes.

Bibliography[edit]

Reference works[edit]

  • Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. pp. 573–575. (Use with caution; obsolete)
  • Eubel, Conradus, ed. (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin) pp. 329–330.
  • Eubel, Conradus, ed. (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin) p. 187.
  • Eubel, Conradus; Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. p. 237-238.
  • Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06. pp. 234.
  • Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. pp. 260.
  • Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. p. 280.

Studies[edit]

External links[edit]

Acknowledgment[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Diocese of Nîmes". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

Coordinates: 43°50′28″N 4°21′35″E / 43.84111°N 4.35972°E / 43.84111; 4.35972