Roman Catholic Diocese of Porto, Portugal

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Diocese of Porto
Dioecesis Portugallensis
Diocese do Porto
Façade of the Porto Cathedral by night.JPG
Location
Country Portugal
Ecclesiastical province Braga
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Braga
Statistics
Area 3,010 km2 (1,160 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
2,115,000
1,914,000 (90.5%)
Parishes 477
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 588
Cathedral Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady in Porto
Patron saint Assumption of Mary
Secular priests 307 (diocesan)
188 (Religious Orders)
74 Permanent Deacons
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Sede Vacante
Metropolitan Archbishop Jorge IV
Auxiliary Bishops Pio de Souza
António Taipa
António Augusto de Oliveira Azevedo[1][2]
Emeritus Bishops João Miranda Teixeira Auxiliary Bishop (1983-2011)
Map
Diócesis de Oporto.svg
Website
Website of the Diocese

The Portuguese Roman Catholic Diocese of Porto (Latin: Dioecesis Portugallensis) (Oporto) is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Braga. Its see at Porto is in the Norte region, and the second largest city in Portugal.[3]

History[edit]

The diocese was probably founded in the middle of the sixth century. At the third Council of Toledo (589) the Arian bishop Argiovittus, though he condemned the Arian belief and accepted the Catholic belief, was deposed in favour of bishop Constantinus.[4] In 610 Bishop Argebertus assisted at the Council of Toledo, summoned by King Gundemar to sanction the metropolitan claims of Toledo.[5] Bishop Ansiulfus was present at the Sixth Council of Toledo (638),[6] and Bishop Flavius at the Tenth (656).[7]

Bishop Froaricus was one of eight bishops who attended the provincial council of Braga (675);[8] and the Twelfth (681),[9] Thirteenth (683),[10] and Fifteenth (688)[11] Councils of Toledo. His successor Felix appeared at the Sixteenth Council (693).[12] No other bishop is recorded under the Visigothic monarchy.

Arab occupation[edit]

In 716 the Arabs began their invasion and conquest of Portugal, including Lisbon, Porto, Braga, Tuy, Lugo, and Orense. The areas were depopulated.[13] After the Arab invasion Justus seems to have been the first bishop (c. 882) He is only a name.[14] Gomado was probably elected in 872, when King Affonso III won back the city. The names of only four other prelates have been preserved: Froarengus (906),[15] Hermogius (912),[16] Hordonius (attested in 931),[17] and Didacus (Diego) (c. 962?).[18]

Porto fell again into Moorish hands.

Restoration[edit]

On the recovery of Porto for Christianity, which was being promoted by the Burgundian Count Henry, son-in-law of King Alfonso VI of Castile and governor of the lands from the Minho River to the banks of the Tagus, priests and prelates were being imported, especially those with connections to Cluny in Burgundy.[19] Hugo (Hugh) became bishop (1114-1136). He had been a Canon of the Cathedral of Compostella, and under the patronage of Bishop Diego Gelmirez, a Cluniac, he was said to have been a co-author of the Historia Compostellana.[20] In 1103-1104 he was sent to Rome on an embassy for the Church of Compostella, and obtained a bull granting numerous privileges, one of which was the right of the Bishop of Compostella to name Cardinals of Compostella. Hugo became a Cardinal.[21] In 1109 he was Archdeacon of Compostella, but at the time of his election to the diocese of Porto he ws not yet in priestly orders. He was ordained a priest on the day before Passion Sunday, and was consecrated a bishop on 23 March 1113 by Archbishop Mauricio Burdino of Braga, another Cluniac.[22] As Bishop of Porto he secured from Pope Paschal II, by a bull granted on 15 August 1115, exemption of his diocese from the supervisory control of the Archbishop of Braga.[23] He greatly enlarged his diocese and the cathedral patrimony increased by the donations he secured; thus, in 1120, he received from D. Theresa jurisdiction over the City of Porto with all the rents and dues thereof.[24] Bishop Hugo was present at the Council of Compostella in 1114, the Council of Sagunto in 1121 (under the presidency of Cardinal Boso, the papal Legate), and the Synod of Compostella in 1122.[25]

John Peculiar was promoted to Braga (1138), his nephew, Pedro Rabaldis, succeeding at Porto. Next came D. Pedro Pitões (1145 to 1152 or 1155), D. Pedro Sénior (d. 1172), and D. Fernão Martins (d. 1185). Martinho Pires instituted a chapter, was promoted to Braga, 1189 or 1190. Martinho Rodrigues ruled from 1191 to 1235. He quarrelled with the chapter over their share of the rents of the see. Later on, fresh disagreements arose in which King Sancho I intervened against the bishop, who was deprived of his goods and had to flee, but was restored by the king when Innocent III espoused the bishop's cause. Another quarrel soon arouse between prelate and king, and the bishop was imprisoned; but he escaped and fled to Rome, and in 1209 the king, feeling the approach of death, made peace with him. His successor, Pedro Salvadores, figured prominently in the questions between the clergy and King Sancho II, who refused to ecclesiastics the right of purchasing or inheriting land. Portugal fell into anarchy, in which the clergy's rights were violated and their persons outraged, though they themselves were not guiltless. Finally, Pope Innocent IV committed the reform of abuses to Afonso III, brother of Sancho II, who lost his crown.

Under Bishop Julian (1247–60) the jurisdiction difficulty became aggravated. A settlement was effected at the Cortes of Leiria (1254), which the bishop refused to ratify, but he had to give way. When King Afonso III determined (1265) that all rights and properties usurped during the disorders of Sancho's reign should revert to the Crown, nearly all the bishops, including the Bishop of Porto, then D. Vicente, protested; and seven went to Rome for relief, leaving Portugal under an interdict. When the king was dying, in 1278, he promised restitution. Vicente (d. 1296) was one of the negotiators of the Concordat of 1289 and the supplementary Accord of Eleven Articles. He was succeeded by Sancho Pires, who ruled until 1300. Geraldo Domingues resigned in 1308 to act as counsellor of the King's daughter Constança, future Queen of Castile. Tredulo was bishop for two and a half years. The Minorite Frei Estêvão was succeeded in 1313 by his nephew Fernando Ramires. Both uncle and nephew quarrelled with King Denis and left the realm.

Owing to the hostility of the citizens, Bishop Gomes lived mostly outside his diocese. When Pedro Afonso became bishop in 1343, he had a quarrel over jurisdiction and, like his predecessor, departed, leaving the diocese under interdict. Six years later he returned, but again the monarch began to encroach, and it was not until 1354 that the bishop secured recognition of his rights. His successor was Afonso Pires. Egídio is probably the bishop represented in the old Chronicles as being threatened with scourging by King Pedro for having lived in sin with a citizen's wife The accusation was probably groundless, but Egídio left the city, which for twelve years had no bishop.

Other bishops were: John de Zambuja, or Estêvão; and Gil, who in 1406 sold the episcopal rights over Oporto to the Crown for an annual money payment, reduced in the reign of D. Manuel to 120 silver marks; Fernando Guerra, who in 1425 was created Archbishop of Braga; Vasco. — Antão Martins de Chaves, who succeeded Vasco in 1430, was sent by the pope to Constantinople to induce the Greek emperor to attend the Council of Basle. He succeeded, and as a reward was made cardinal. He died in 1447. Succeeding incumbents were: Durando; Gonçalves de Óbidos; Luis Pires (1454–64), a negotiator of the Concordat of 1455 and a reforming prelate; João de Azevedo (1465–1494), a benefactor of the cathedral and chapter, as was his successor Diego de Sousa, afterwards Archbishop of Braga and executor of King Manuel I. The see was then held by two brothers in succession, Diogo da Costa (1505-7) and D. Pedro da Costa (1511–39), who restored the bishop's palace and enriched the capitular revenues from his own purse; Belchior Beliago; and the Carmelite Frei Baltazar Limpo (1538–52), the fiftieth bishop. He held a diocesan synod in 1540.

In the time of Rodrigo Pinheiro, a learned humanist, Porto was visited by St. Francis Borgia and the Jesuits established themselves in the city. Aires da Silva, ex-rector of Coimbra University, after ruling four years, fell in the battle of Alcácer Quibir in 1578 with King Sebastião. Simão Pereira was followed by the Franciscan Frei Marcos de Lisboa, chronicler of his order. He added to the cathedral and convoked a diocesan synod in 1585. In 1591 another ex-rector of Coimbra, Jerónimo de Menezes, became bishop; he was succeeded by the Benedictine Frei Gonçalo de Morais, a zealous defender of the rights of the Church. He built a new sacristy and chancel in the cathedral. In 1618 Bishop Rodrigo da Cunha, author of the history of the Bishops of Oporto, was appointed. His "Catalogo" describes the state of the cathedral and enumerates the parishes of the diocese with their population and income in 1623 and is the earliest account we possess. His successor was Frei João de Valadares, transferred from the See of Miranda. Gaspar do Rego da Fonseca, who held the see four years (1635–39). King Philip III named Francisco Pereira Pinto, but the revolution in 1640 prevented his taking possession; moreover he never received his bulls of consecration and installation from Pope Urban VIII, and therefore he could not be consecrated or installed as bishop.[26] The diocese was considered vacant until 1670, being ruled by administrators appointed by the Chapter of the Cathedral (Vicars capitular). In 1641 King John IV chose D. Sebastião César de Menezes as bishop, but the pope, influenced by Spain, would neither recognize the new King of Portugal nor confirm his nominations. Next came Frei Pedro de Menezes; Nicolau Monteiro took possession in 1671, Fernando Correia de Lacerda, in 1673, who was succeeded by João de Sousa. Frei José Saldanha (1697–1708), famed for his austerity, never relinquished his Franciscan habit, a contrast to his successor Tomás de Almeida, who in 1716 became the first Patriarch of Lisbon. The see remained vacant until 1739, and, though Frei John Maria was then elected, he never obtained confirmation. In the same year Frei José Maria da Fonseca, formerly Commissary General of the Franciscans, became bishop. Several European States selected him as arbiter of their differences. He contributed to the canonization of a number of saints. He founded and restored many convents and hospitals.

Next in order were: Frei António de Távora (d. 1766), Frei Aleixo de Miranda Henriques, Frei João Rafael de Mendonça (1771-3), and Lourenço Correia de Sá Benevides (1796-8). Frei Antonio de Castro became Patriarch of Lisbon in 1814, being followed at Porto by João Avelar. Frei Manuel de Santa Inês, though elected, never obtained confirmation, but some years after his death, relations between Portugal and the Holy See were re-established by a concordat and Jerónimo da Costa Rebelo became bishop in 1843. From 1854 to 1859 the see was held by António da Fonseca Moniz; on his death it remained vacant until 1862, when João de Castro e Moura, who had been a missionary in China, was appointed (d.1868). The see was again vacant until the confirmation of Américo Ferreira dos Santos Silva in 1871. This prelate was obliged to combat the growing Liberalism of his flock and the Protestant propaganda in Porto A popular lawyer named Mesquita started a campaign against him, because the bishop refused to dismiss some priests, reputed reactionary, who served the Aguardente Chapel; getting himself elected judge of the Brotherhood of the Temple, he provoked a great platform agitation with the result that the chapel was secularized and became a school under the patronage of the Marquis of Pombal Association. In 1879 Américo was created cardinal and on his death the present (1911) Bishop, António Barroso, an ex-missionary, was transferred from the see of Mylapore to that of Porto.[27]

Cathedral[edit]

The Porto Cathedral was dedicated to the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven. It had a Chapter, a corporation composed of eight dignities (not dignitaries) and twelve Canons.[28] The dignities included: the Dean, the Cantor, the Master of the Schola, the Theologus and the Archdeacon of Porto.[29] On 9 September 1455 Bishop Luis Pires (1453-1464) instituted a second Archdeacon, the Archdeacon of Oliveira.

Bishops[edit]

Partial list of the bishops of Porto. Bishops who were later elevated to the rank of cardinal are shown in bold typeface.

from 1100 to 1400[edit]

# Name Date of Birth Appointed Retired Date of Death
Vacant see (1091–1113)
13 Hugo   23 March 1113 7 December 1136 7 December 1136
14 João Peculiar, C.C.S.C.[30]   1136[31] 1138[32] 3 December 1175
15 Pedro I RabaldesC.C.S.C.[33]   by October 1138[34] 29 June 1145[35] 29 June 1145
16 Pedro II Pitões[36]   before 1 July 1146 1152[37]  
17 Pedro III Sénior   1154 ? 1174 ?  
18 Fernando I Martins   1176 1185  
19 Martinho I Pires   1186 1189  
19b Martinho Rodrigues   1191 1227[38]  
20 Julianus   1227[39] 1230  1230 
21 Pedro Salvadores   1231[40] 24 June 1247 24 June 1247
22 Julião Fernandes   1247 31 October 1260 31 October 1260
23 Vicente Mendes[41]   1261 shortly after 24 April 1296 after 24 April 1296[42]
24 Sancho Pires   3 June 1296 7 January 1300 7 January 1300
25 Geraldo Palentino (Domingues)   19 March 1300 before 16 September 1307[43] 5 March 1321
26 Frédole Capelier   16 September 1307[44] 30 June 1309[45] 30 June 1309[46] 
27 Fr. Stephanus, O. Min.[47]   11 February 1310[48] 8 October 1313[49] 28 March 1326[50]
28 Fernando II Ramires   19 March 1314 1322  
29 João II Gomes   25 March 1323 5 December 1327 5 December 1327
30 Vasco Martins[51]   15 January 1328 25 September 1342[52]  
31 Pedro Alfonso[53]   25 September 1342[54] 1357 1358 ? 
32 Afonso Pires   1357 6 September 1372 6 September 1372
33 Lourenço Vicente[55]   27 March 1373 6 November 1373[56]  
34 João III[57]   9 February 1373[58] c. 1388 c. 1388
35 Martinho Gil   4 June 1390[59] 15 February 1391[60]  
36 João Afonso de Azambuja[61]   15 February 1391 1398[62] 23 January 1415[63]

from 1400 to 1700[edit]

# Name Date of Birth Appointed Retired Date of Death
37 Gil Alma   6 August 1399 1407 1415
38 João V Afonso Aranha   1407 1414  
39 Fernando III Guerra 1390 18 June 1414[64] 15 December 1417[65] 26 September 1467[66]
39a Joannes Alfonsi   26 January 1418[67] ?  
40 Vasco Petri   2 April 1421[68] 1423[69] 1428
41 António Martins de Chaves[70]   10 March 1423 1447 5 July 1447[71]
43 Gonçalo I de Óbidos[72]   18 August 1477[73] 1453  
44 Luís Pires[74]   24 August 1453[75] 26 November 1464[76] March 1480[77]
45 João VI de Azevedo   1465 1494  
46 Diogo I de Sousa   1494 1505  
47 Diogo II Álvares da Costa   1505 1507  
48 Pedro VI Álvares da Costa 1484 12 February 1507 8 January 1535 20 February 1563
49 Belchior Beliago   1535 1538  
50 Baltazar Limpo   1538 1552  
51 Rodrigo I Pinheiro   1552 1574  
52 Aires da Silva   1574 4 August 1578 4 August 1578
53 Simão de Sá Pereira (bishop)[78]   13 November 1579[79]   March 1581 
54 Marcos de Lisboa, O.Min.[80]   20 October 1581[81] 13 September 1591 13 September 1591 
55 Jerónimo I de Menezes[82]   22 May 1592[83] 12 December 1600 12 December 1600[84] 
56 Gonçalo de Morais. O.S.B.[85] 1543 26 June 1602[86]  20 October 1617[87] 20 October 1617[88] 
57 Rodrigo II da Cunha[89] September, 1577 12 November 1618[90] 27 January 1627[91] 3 January 1643[92]
58 João VII de Valadares, O.E.S.A.   30 August 1627[93] 23 May 1635 23 May 1635 
59 Gaspar do Rego da Fonseca   9 June 1636[94] 13 July 1639 13 July 1639 
Vacant see (1640–1670)
X
Francisco Pereira Pinto[95] Nominated in 1640 by Philip III of Portugal but did not receive approval from Pope Urban VIII.
X
Sebastião César de Menezes Nominated in 1641, 1659, and 1669 by John IV of Portugal, but not approved by the Pope
X
Pedro VII de Menezes
X
Luis de Souza
60 Nicolau Monteiro December 1581[96] 15 December 1670[97] 20 December 1672 20 December 1672[98]
61 Fernando IV Correia de Lacerda[99]   17 July 1673[100] before 1 September 1683 1 September 1685
62 João de Sousa[101] 1647 6 December 1683[102] 24 September 1696[103] 28 September 1710

from 1700 to present[edit]

# Name Date of Birth Appointed Retired Date of Death
63 José Saldanha, O.F.M.Disc.[104]   17 December 1696[105] 26 September 1708 26 September 1708[106]
64 Tomás de Almeida[107] 5 October 1670 22 July 1709 7 December 1716[108] 22 February 1754
Vacant see (1716–1741)
X
João Maria Appointed in 1739 but not confirmed by Pope Clement XII
65 José Maria da Evora[109], O.F.M.Obs. December 1690 2 January 1741[110] 16 June 1752 16 June 1752 
66 António de Távora, O.E.S.A.[111] September 1690 28 March 1757[112] 1766 4 June 1766[113]
67 Aleixo de Miranda Henriques, O.P.   1766[114] 1771  
68 João Rafael de Mendonça 24 April 1717 1771[115] 1773 1773
69 Lourenço Correia de Sá Benevides 25 March 1741[116] 18 December 1795 1798 6 June 1798
70 António de São José, O.Cart. April 1745[117] 13 November 1798[118] 12 April 1814[119] 12 April 1814
71 João Magalhães de Avelar 22 December 1754 29 April 1816[120] 16 May 1833 16 May 1833
72 Manuel de Santa Inês Elected in 1833 but unconfirmed by Gregory XVI
73 Jerónimo da Costa Rebelo   1843 1854 1854
74 António Fonseca Moniz   1854 1859 1859
Vacant see (1859–1862)
75 João de França Castro e Moura   1862 16 October 1868[121] 16 October 1868
Vacant see (1868–1871)
76 Américo Ferreira dos Santos Silva 16 January 1829 26 June 1871 21 January 1899 21 January 1899
77 António José de Sousa Barroso[122] 4 November 1854 20 May 1899 31 August 1918 31 August 1918
78 António Barbosa Leão[123] 17 October 1860 16 July 1919 21 June 1929 21 June 1919
79 António Augusto de Castro Meireles[124] 13 August 1885 21 June 1929[125] 29 March 1942[126] 29 March 1942
80 Agostinho de Jesus e Sousa[127] 7 March 1877 16 May 1942[128] 21 February 1952 21 February 1952
81 António Ferreira Gomes[129] 10 May 1906 13 July 1952 2 May 1982 13 April 1989
82 Júlio Tavares Rebimbas 21 January 1922 12 February 1982 13 June 1997 6 December 2010
83 Armindo Lopes Coelho 13 February 1931 13 June 1997 22 February 2007 29 September 2010
84 Manuel José Macário do Nascimento Clemente[130] 16 July 1948 22 February 2007 18 May 2013
Vacant see (2013–2014)
85 António Francisco dos Santos 29 August 1948 21 February 2014 11 September 2017 11 September 2017

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vatican Press Office, Bulletin, 2016-01-19
  2. ^ English translation, via Microsoft translator, of the Vatican Press Bulletin, 2016-01-19.
  3. ^ Catholic Hierarchy page
  4. ^ J.-D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus nonus (09) (Florence: A. Zatta 1763), p. 989; p. 1001: Constantinus Portugalensis ecclesiae episcopus subscripsi.
  5. ^ Mansi, Tomus decimus (10) (Florence: A. Zatta 1762), p. 512.
  6. ^ Fifty-two bishops attended. They voted thanks to King Chintila for ordering the expulsion of the Jews from Spain. Mansi, Tomus decimus (10), p. 671. Hefele, Vol. IV, pp. 460-463.
  7. ^ Bishop Flavius signs last of the twenty bishops who were present. Mansi, Tomus undecimus (11), p. 43.
  8. ^ Mansi, Tomus undecimus (11), p. 159, where it is called the Fourth Council of Braga, not the third.
  9. ^ Thirty-five bishops attended. Mansi, Tomus undecimus (11), pp. 1023-1044, at p. 1039.
  10. ^ Forty-eight bishops attended. Mansi, Tomus undecimus (11), pp. 1059-1082, at p. 1075.
  11. ^ Francisco de Padilla (1605). Historia ecclesiastica de Espana (in Spanish). Segunda parte, Contiene Dos Centurias Dende El ano de 501. haste el de 700. Malaga: Bolan. pp. 315–317.  Mansi, Tomus XII (Florence 1766), p. 21: Froaricus Portucalensis episc. subscr.
  12. ^ Padilla, pp. 322-326. Mansi, Tomus XII, p. 84, In Canon 12, Bishop Felix is said to have been translated to the diocese of Braga, and in the subscription list he signs as a metropolitan in fifth place, as Felix in Dei nomine Bracarensis atque Portuensis sedium episcopus haec decreta synodalia a nobis edita subscr..
  13. ^ Chronicle of Sampiro, quoted by Gams, p. 108, column 2.
  14. ^ Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 35-36. from the Chronicon Abeldense, España Sagrada XIII, p. 437.
  15. ^ Claudio Sánchez Albornoz (1970). Investigaciones y documentos sobre las instituciones hispanas (in Spanish). Santiago: Ed. Jurídica de Chile. p. 164.  Manuel Pereira de Novaes (1916). Anacrisis historial: (II parte) Episcopológio (in Spanish). Porto: Tip. Progresso de Domingos Augusto da Silva. p. 81.  Da Cunha, pp, 225-226. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, p. 38-39, places Froarengus' dates "from before 906 to 911.
  16. ^ Da Cunha, pp. 217-218, cites a charter of King Ordonho II, dated 17 August 886, subscribed by Hermogius Portuensis episcopus. This seems to place Hermogius before Bishop Froarengus. Flórez, p. 39, places his dates from 912 to 915.
  17. ^ Flórez, p. 40-41.
  18. ^ Gams, p. 109 column 1. Didacus is known only from one piece of indirect evidence, where Abbot Cesareo of S. Cecilia de Monserrato says he was consecrated in Galicia by, among others, Diego Portugalense, in the reign of King Sancho I (905-925). Perhaps his grandson, Sancho II, is meant. Flórez, p. 41.
  19. ^ Flórez, pp. 56-57.
  20. ^ Floréz, p. 57, 68.
  21. ^ Floréz, p. 58.
  22. ^ Floréz, p. 59.
  23. ^ Floréz, pp. 297-299. Burdinus became an antipope of the Emperor V in Rome on 8 March 1118.
  24. ^ Floréz, pp. 64, 299.
  25. ^ Thomas (da Cunha) Historia ecclesiae Lusitaniae III, p. 30.
  26. ^ Gauchat, IV, p. 286, note 7.
  27. ^ Catholic Encyclopedia article
  28. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 322, note 1.
  29. ^ The Archdeacon had been instituted by Bishop Azambuja. Floréz, España Sagrada XXI, p. 167 column 1.
  30. ^ Joannes was a member of the Canones Coimbrianae Sanctate Crucis. Thomas (da Cunha), p. 32-33.
  31. ^ In a document dated 3 January 1137, Joannes signs as Bishop-elect of Porto. Flórez, p. 72-73.
  32. ^ He became Archbishop of Braga. Gams, p. 94, column 1.
  33. ^ Joannes was a member of the Canones Coimbrianae Sanctate Crucis. Thomas (da Cunha), p. 32
  34. ^ Rabaldes was the nephew of Joannes Peculiar. Thomas (da Cunha), p. 32. Flórez, p. 74, column 2. He consecrated the church of S. Cristoval de Lafoens, which had been built by his uncle Joannes Peculiar, on 15 November 1138. Flórez, p. 77.
  35. ^ Rabaldes died on 29 June 1145, according to the Necrology of Santa Cruz de Coimbra. Flórez, p. 80, column 2. Gams, p. 109, column 1.
  36. ^ He calls himself Petrus secundus. Flórez, p. 81-82.
  37. ^ latest reference, but no day or month
  38. ^ Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, p. 94-96. Gams, p. 109 column 1. Eubel, p. 406.
  39. ^ Flórez, p. 94-96. Gams, p. 109 column 1. Eubel, p. 406.
  40. ^ Flórez, p. 96-97. Gams, p. 109 column 1. Eubel, p. 406 with note 1.
  41. ^ After the death of King Afonso III of Portugal on 16 February 1279, Bishop Mendes was sent to Rome to announce the accession of King Diniz. Flórez, p. 106, column 1.
  42. ^ He signed his Testament on 24 April 1296. Flórez, p. 107.
  43. ^ Gerald Palentino had already been transferred to the diocese of Palencia, according to the letter of Pope Clement V of 16 September 1307, appointing Frédole Capelier.
  44. ^ Fredolus had been Canon, Prebend and Provost of Marseille (1297-1307). J. H. Albanés; Ulysse Chevalier (1899). Gallia christiana novissima: Marseille (Évêques, prévots, statuts) (in French and Latin). Montbéliard: Société anonyme d'imprimerie montbéliardaise. pp. 782–790, at p. 788–789.  Eubel, I, p. 406.
  45. ^ Capelier died on 30 June 1309. Albanés, p. 789.
  46. ^ Fredolus died in Avignon: Flórez, p. 303.
  47. ^ Friar Stephan, Frei Estêvão, a Franciscan, Confessor of King Diniz of Portugal.
  48. ^ Flórez, pp. 114-119. Eubel, I, p. 406. His bull of appointment by Pope Clement V is printed by Flórez, pp. 303-304.
  49. ^ Fr. Stephanus was named Bishop of Lisbon by Pope Clement V on 8 October 1313. He was transferred to the diocese of Cuenca on 21 August 1322 by Pope John XXII. Eubel, I, p. 200, 506.
  50. ^ Gams, p. 31, column 1.
  51. ^ Vasco Martins was a nephew of Bishop Giraldo. He was born in Medello (diocese of Lamego). Flórez, pp. 127-131.
  52. ^ Valascus Martinez was transferred to the diocese of Lisbon on 25 September 1346 by Pope Clement VI. Eubel, I, p. 406, 506.
  53. ^ Pedro Alfonso was the nephew of Archbishop Gonzalo Pereyra of Braga. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 131-136.
  54. ^ Petrus Alfonso was transferred from the diocese of Astorga by Pope Clement VI on 25 September 1342. Eubel, I, p. 406.
  55. ^ Vicente was only bishop-elect. He was nominated by the King, but did not receive papal confirmation for the diocese of Porto. Instead he was named to the diocese of Braga. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 142-144.
  56. ^ He was appointed Archbishop of Braga by Pope Gregory XI on 19 December 1373. Eubel, I, p. 144.
  57. ^ Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 144-148.
  58. ^ Bishop John was appointed by Pope Gregory XI. He was transferred by the Pope from the diocese of Silves (1365–1373). He had earlier been Dean of the Chapter of the Cathedral of Porto. Eubel, I, pp. 406, 452.
  59. ^ Eubel, I, p. 406.
  60. ^ Bishop Martinho Gil was transferred to the diocese of Silves on 15 February 1391 by Pope Boniface IX.
  61. ^ Azambuja was named a cardinal by Antipope John XXIII on 6 June 1411, long after he had been transferred to the diocese of Lisbon. Eubel, I, pp. 33 no. 4. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 148-152.
  62. ^ Joannes Alfonso Estevez de Zambuya was transferred to the diocese of Coimbra on 23 September 1398; he undertook his financial obligations to the Apostolic Chamber on 25 February 1399. Eubel, I, pp. 196, 406.
  63. ^ Azambuja had been Bishop of Lisbon since 29 May 1402. Eubel, I, p. 507.
  64. ^ Fernardo Guerra was appointed by John XXIII on 18 June 1414. Eubel, I, p. 407.
  65. ^ Guerra was transferred to the Archbishopric of Braga by Pope Martin V on 15 December 1417.
  66. ^ Eubel, II, p. 110, note 1.
  67. ^ Joannes Alfonsi was appointed by Pope Martin V, but he resigned while still Bishop-elect. Eubel, I, p. 407.
  68. ^ Vasco Petri, Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law), was approved as Bishop of Porto by Pope Martin V on 2 April 1421.
  69. ^ Bishop Vasco was transferred to the diocese of Evora on 10 March 1423, the same day that Antonio de Chaves was appointed his successor at Porto. There is no room for a Bishop Durandus. Eubel, I, p. 236.
  70. ^ Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 163-165. He was created a cardinal by Pope Eugene IV on 18 December 1439. Eubel, II, p. 8 no. 14. He had been in Italy for the Council of Florence, and was present in the Roman Curia on 22 January 1440 and on 24 October 1440. On 10 June 1443 he departed Rome with permission to remain away until the end of September. He is recorded as being in the Curia on 21 February 1447. Eubel, II, pp. 26 no. 1, 27 no. 33; 28 no. 81.
  71. ^ Chaves died in Rome on 11 July 1447, according to his tomb inscription quoted by Flórez, p. 165. According to the Vatican records quoted by Eubel, II, p. 218, note 1, and p. 29 no. 111, he died on 5 July and on 6 July (Perhaps Eubel is correcting the XI of the inscription to VI).
  72. ^ Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 165-166, pointing out that there is no room for a Bishop Durando, and that Obidos was provided in place of Cardinal de Chaves.
  73. ^ Eubel, II, p. 218.
  74. ^ Bishop Peres enlarged the Episcopal Palace. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 166-168.
  75. ^ Eubel, II, p. 218.
  76. ^ Luis Perez was transferred to the diocese of Evora on 26 November 1464 by Pope Paul II. Eubel, II, pp. 149, 218. He was transferred to Braga in 1468.
  77. ^ Eubel, II, p. 110.
  78. ^ Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 195-197.
  79. ^ Simon de Sa had been Bishop of Lamego from 1575 to 1579. Eubel, III, pp. 218, 278.
  80. ^ Marcos de Betania was born in Lisbon: Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 197-202.
  81. ^ Eubel, III, p. 278.
  82. ^ Born in Santarén, he was the son of Don Henrique de Menezes, Governor of Tanger. He was a doctor of theology from Coimbra, and he became Rector of the University. He had been Bishop of Miranda from 1579 to 1592. Eubel, III, p. 246. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 202-204.
  83. ^ He was nominated by King Philip II. Gauchat, IV, p. 286.
  84. ^ Menezes died in Lisbon on 12 December 1600. Almeida, p. 876.
  85. ^ Gonçalo de Morais was born in the town of Villanfranca de Lampaces in the province of Tras os Montes. He was nominated by King Philip III. He built the new sacristy for the Cathedral. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 204-210.
  86. ^ Gauchat, IV, p. 286. He was consecrated in Lisbon on 25 April 1602 by Archbishop Miguel de Castro, and took possession of the diocese of Porto on 16 May. Flórez, p. 207, column 1.
  87. ^ Flórez, p. 210 column 1. Almeida, p. 877.
  88. ^ Gauchat, IV, p. 286, note 3.
  89. ^ Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 211-214.
  90. ^ Da Cunha was transferred from the diocese of Portalegre (1615–1618) by Pope Paul V. Gauchat, pp. 285, 286.
  91. ^ Da Cunha was transferred to the diocese of Braga on 27 January 1627 by Pope Urban VIII.
  92. ^ Da Cunha had been transferred to the diocese of Lisbon on 3 December 1635. He died on 3 January 1643. Gauchat, p. 352, with note 5.
  93. ^ Valadares was transferred from the diocese of Miranda in the Consistory of 30 August 1627 by Pope Urban VIII. Gauchat, IV, p. 245 with note 8; 286 with note 5.
  94. ^ Rego de Fonseca was transferred from the titular See of Targensis Africa (He was auxiliary bishop of Lisbon) in the Consistory of 9 June 1636 by Pope Urban VIII. Gauchat, IV, p. 286 with note 6; 327 with note 3..
  95. ^ Pereira was nominated on 31 October 1640, but never received his bulls of consecration and installation. He was never consecrated a bishop. Gauchat, IV, p. 286 with note 7.
  96. ^ Born in Porto, Nicolas Monteiro was the son of Don Nicolas Velho and Doña Maria de Monteyro. He held a doctorate in Canon Law (Coimbra). Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, p. 221.
  97. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 322. He was consecrated a bishop on 31 May 1671, by the titular Bishop of Sidon, Francesco Ravizza.
  98. ^ Almeida, p. 880.
  99. ^ Correia was a doctor of Canon Law (Coimbra), and had been a Canon and Prebend of the Collegiate Church of Ourense. He was Inquisitor of Ebora and of Lisbon. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 322 with note 4.
  100. ^ Correia was named bishop of Porto by King Pedro II on 26 April 1673. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, p. 226.
  101. ^ De Sousa was born in Lisbon in 1647; De Sousa's father was Majordomo of the Duke of Braganza, who became King John V of Portugal. His uncle was Archbishop of Evora. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 227-229.
  102. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 322, citing the Acta Consistoralia of Pope Innocent XI.
  103. ^ De Sousa was appointed Archbishop of Braga: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 126, He was transferred to Lisbon on 1 October 1703: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 397.
  104. ^ Saldanha's father Don Luis was the Majordomo of Queen Luisa. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 229-230.
  105. ^ Saldanha had previously been Bishop of Funchal (1690-1696). Ritzler-Sefrin, p. 322. Almeida, p. 882.
  106. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, p. 322, note 6.
  107. ^ Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 230-233.
  108. ^ Almeida was transferred to the diocese of Lisbon on 7 December 1716 by Pope Clement XI. He was named a Cardinal on 20 December 1737 by Pope Clement XII, though he never came to Rome. He was sent his red biretta on 13 January 1738. On 22 June 1743 he was named Grand Inquisitor of Portugal. Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 8, no. 22; 397 with note 6.
  109. ^ He was born José da Fonseca. José Maria da Evora was his name as a Franciscan. He migrated to Rome in 1712. He had risen to be General of his Order, and, in the Roman Curia, was then named a member of the Consistorial Congregation, the Congregation for Indulgences, the Congregation of the Index, and the Holy Office of the Roman Inquisition. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 346, note 2. Flórez, España Sagrada XXI, pp. 233-239.
  110. ^ José Maria da Evora was approved as Bishop of Porto by Pope Benedict XIV]] in the Consistory of 2 January 1741. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 346. He was consecrated on 12 March 1741 by Cardinal Tomás de Almeida, Patriarch of Lisbon.
  111. ^ Bishop Antonio de Souza de Tavora was the son of the second Marquez de Tavora, Antonio Luiz: José Augusto Ferreira (1924). Memorias archeologico-historicas da cidade do Porto: fastos episcopaes e politicos; sec. VI-sec. XX (in Portuguese). Braga: Cruz. p. 336. 
  112. ^ Date of baptism: 21 September 1690. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 346 with note 3.
  113. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 346 with note 3.
  114. ^ Miranda served in Goa for six years, after which he was Qualificator of the Holy Inquisition in Lisbon. He was Bishop of Miranda from 1758 to 1770. He was transferred from the diocese of Miranda by Pope Clement XIV on 6 August 1770. He took possession of the diocese of Porto on 18 September 1770. Sainz de Barada, p. 111. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 291 with note 4; p. 346 with note 4.
  115. ^ Mendonça was the son of the conde de Val de dos Res, and brother of the Patriarch of Lisbon. He was a Hieronymite, and held a doctorate in theology from Coimbra. He was elected to the diocese of Pinhel, but was transferred to Porto before his consecration. He was consecrated by his brother in Lisbon on 10 November 1771. Sainz de Barada, p. 111. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 346 with note 5.
  116. ^ Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 324 note 6, state that the date of birth was 5 March, not 25 March. De Sá was born at Guimarães (diocese of Braga). He held the Licenciate in Canon Law (Coimbra).
  117. ^ Fr. Antonio de S. Joseph was baptised as António de Castro on 30 April 1745. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 354, with note 7.
  118. ^ Fr. Antonio was presented by the Queen on 11 August 1798, and approved by Pope Pius VI on 13 November.
  119. ^ In 1808 he organized the anti-French Junta in Porto. He was nominated to the See of Lisbon by the Regent in 1809, but was not confirmed by Pope Pius VII. Ritzler-Sefrin, VI, p. 354, note 7.
  120. ^ He was nominated on 17 December 1814, but his confirmation by Pope Pius VII was delayed until the Pope was released from imprisonment at Fontainebleau and repatriated to Rome. Ritzler-Sefrin, VII, p. 313.
  121. ^ Azevedo, Carlos A. Moreira (1999-01-27). "Américo Ferreira dos Santos Silva (1830-1899)". Ecclesia.pt (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2006-10-12. Retrieved 2006-12-12. 
  122. ^ Diocese do Porto, D. António José de Sousa Barroso (1899–1918); retrieved: 2017-09-29. (in Portuguese)
  123. ^ Diocese do Porto, D. António Barbosa Leão (1919–1929); retrieved: 2017-09-29. (in Portuguese)
  124. ^ Diocese do Porto, D. António Augusto de Castro Meireles (1929–1942); retrieved: 2017-09-29. (in Portuguese)
  125. ^ Meireles was appointed Coadjutor bishop (i.e. appointed as successor of the preceding bishop before the latter's retirement or death) on 20 June 1928.
  126. ^ Diocese of Angra (2005-08-09). "D. António Augusto de Castro Meireles". Agência Ecclesia - Agência de Notícias da Igreja Católica Portuguesa (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2006-12-12. 
  127. ^ Diocese do Porto, D. Agostinho de Jesus e Sousa (1942–1952); retrieved: 2017-09-29. (in Portuguese)
  128. ^ Agostinho de Jesus e Sousa had previously been Coadjutor bishop of Lamego (1921–1935), then Bishop of Lamego (1935–1942).
  129. ^ Diocese do Porto, D. António Ferreira Gomes (1952–1982); retrieved: 2017-09-29. (in Portuguese)
  130. ^ Diocese do Porto, D. Manuel Clemente (2007–2013); retrieved: 2017-09-29. (in Portuguese)

Bibliography[edit]

  • Almeida, Fortunato da (1917). História da igreja em Portugal, Volume 3, parte 2. Coimbra: Imprensa académica, 1917.
  • Cheney, David M. (2006-08-16). "Porto (Diocese)". The Hierarchy of the Catholic Church. Retrieved 2006-12-12. [self-published source?]
  • Pedro Sainz de Barada, "Clave de la España Sagrada," Coleccion de Documentos Ineditos para la Historia de Espana Tomo XXII (Madrid 1853), pp. 110-113. [Bishops, 1766–1852]
  • Da Cunha, Rodrigo (1623). Catalogo e historia dos Bispos do Porto (in Portuguese). Porto: Joao Rodriguez. 
  • Enrique Flórez; Manuel Risco; Antolín Merino; et al. (1766). España sagrada (in Spanish). Tomo XXI (Porto, Galicia). Madrid: M. F. Rodriguez. 
  • Knight, Kevin. "Catholic Encyclopedia: Oporto". The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume IX. Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2006-12-12.  [date missing]
  • Mattoso, José (1968). Le monachisme ibérique et Cluny: les monastères du diocèse de Porto de l'an mille à 1200. Louvain: Publications de l'Université de Louvain, 1968. (in French)
  • Peres, Damião; António Cruz; Bernardo Gabriel Cardoso Jr.; B. Xavier Coutinho; Conde de Campo Belo; Cruz Malpique; Artur Magalhães Basto; Eugénio da Cunha e Freitas; João Pinto Ferreira; Luís de Pina; Torquato Soares. "O Porto, Cidade Episcopal: Séculos XII a XIV". In Livraria Civilização Editora. História da Cidade do Porto (in Portuguese). illustrated by Gouvêa Portuense. Portucalense Editora. pp. 159–297. ISBN 972-26-0391-4.  [date missing][volume & issue needed]
  • Thomás (da Encarnação da Costa e Lima) (1762). Historia ecclesiae Lusitanae (in Latin). Tomus III. Colimbriae: Ex praelo academia pontificiae. 

Episcopal lists[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.