Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh
|Diocese of Raleigh
The coat of arms of the diocese
|Territory||Eastern half of North Carolina|
|Area||31,875 km2 (12,307 sq mi)|
|(as of 2010)
|Established||March 3, 1868 (148 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Sacred Heart Cathedral|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Wilton Daniel Gregory
Archbishop of Atlanta
The Diocese of Raleigh is a Roman Catholic diocese that covers the eastern half of the U.S. state of North Carolina. It is a suffragan diocese in the province of the Metropolitan Archbishop of Atlanta.
- 1 Cathedral churches
- 2 History
- 2.1 Bishop William Hafey
- 2.2 Bishop Eugene McGuinness
- 2.3 Bishop Vincent Waters
- 2.4 Bishop Francis Joseph Gossman
- 2.5 Bishop Michael Burbidge
- 3 Episcopal Ordinaries
- 4 Size of the diocese in 2010
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 Sources and External links
The bishop is seated at Sacred Heart Cathedral in Raleigh, North Carolina. The Basilica Shrine of St. Mary, in Wilmington, was once used as a cathedral for the Carolina areas before the Diocese of Raleigh was founded. The Former Pro-Cathedral of St. Thomas the Apostle, in Wilmington, was secularized.
In September 2011, Bishop Burbidge announced construction of a new cathedral for the Diocese of Raleigh to replace the existing Sacred Heart Cathedral, which could not accommodate the growing parish and diocese. The new cathedral was named the Cathedral of the Holy Name of Jesus. Construction commenced January 3, 2015. The cathedral is designed by O'Brien and Keane of Arlington, Virginia in the Romanesque Revival style. It will have a cruciform floor plan with a dome over the crossing and will contain 42 stained glass windows and Stations of the Cross from closed churches in the Archdiocese of Philadelphia. The Beyer Studio of Philadelphia will restore the windows before they are installed.
On 3 March 1868, the Apostolic Vicariate of North Carolina was established in territory split from the Diocese of Charleston. On 8 June 1910, it lost territory to establish the Abbacy nullius of Belmont–Mary Help of Christians.
It was promoted to Diocese of Raleigh, on December 12, 1924, by Pope Pius XI. Before this, North Carolina was an Apostolic Vicariate under the ecclesiastical authority of Bishop Leo Haid, O.S.B., who was both abbot of Belmont Abbey and Vicar Apostle of North Carolina. The Holy See offered in 1910 to establish in Wilmington a diocese for North Carolina with St. Mary Catholic Church as the cathedral, but Haid refused to relocate to the coast, a move necessary if the diocese was to be established there. North Carolina remained an Apostolic Vicariate until 1924, when Bishop Haid died. Pius XI erected the Diocese of Raleigh and assigned a secular priest as its bishop. The diocese, covering nearly 46,000 miles and holding 8,254 Catholics, comprised all of North Carolina except eight counties which had been given to Belmont Abbey in 1910 as the abbey's own diocese, the "Abbey Nullius". Within the diocese there were twenty-four churches with permanent pastors, forty mission churches cared for by priests of the parishes, and other "stations," where church structures did not exist but priests came to celebrate the Sacraments. The diocese had twenty-three diocesan priests, twenty-eight priests in religious orders, and 127 religious sisters.
On 12 November 1971, it lost territory to establish the Diocese of Charlotte.
Bishop William Hafey
William J. Hafey, a thirty-seven-year-old priest, became Raleigh's first bishop. Prior to his installation on July 1, 1925, Archbishop Michael Joseph Curley of Baltimore supervised the diocese. As bishop, Hafey traveled often, within and outside of the diocese, seeking both servants and money for the diocese. Many men and women heard his plea for help and came to the diocese as priests and religious. The financial donations Hafey received assisted the diocese, some of which purchased land for churches. In 1937, Hafey became bishop of Scranton, Pennsylvania, leaving the diocese with 52 parishes, 53 diocesan priests, 26 religious order priests, and 10,571 Catholics.
Bishop Eugene McGuinness
Eugene J. McGuinness replaced Bishop Hafey, being installed on 6 January 1938. McGuinness, a Pennsylvanian priest, had worked for the Catholic Church Extension Society, an organization that gathered and dispersed financial aid to small, poorer dioceses. As bishop of North Carolina, McGuinness continued to seek financial aid, this time for his diocese. In 1944 he requested to be transferred to Oklahoma, and his petition was granted. He left the diocese with 86 parishes, 83 diocesan priests, 59 religious priests, 238 religious sisters, and 12,922 Catholics.
Bishop Vincent Waters
Vincent S. Waters became the third bishop of the Raleigh Diocese. In 1945, he left the missionary territory of Virginia where he had served as a priest and came as bishop to the mission ground of the Raleigh Diocese. He had many goals. Waters wanted the salvation of all people and the conversion of all North Carolinians. To increase conversions, he started the Missionary Apostolate.
The Missionary Apostolate was a four-part program that used the energies of his seminarians and priests to spread Catholicism. The first aspect of the Apostolate was the Summer Census. Each summer, the seminarians went to different areas of North Carolina, noting the Catholics and distributing Catholic information. The second aspect of the Apostolate was the Apostolate year, in which the newly ordained priests spent their first priestly year at an older priest's parish, serving at the parish's missions. The third part of the Apostolate was the Trailer Apostolate. Traveling in trailers to rural areas, the two priests remained in one place for two weeks, teaching Catholicism and celebrating the Sacraments. The diocese's two trailers each had a chapel, living space, an area for visiting, and an outdoor altar. The fourth aspect of Missionary Apostolate was the Mission Band. Waters stationed two Raleigh priests at two separate parishes outside of the diocese where they preached and solicited donations for the Raleigh Diocese. Priests who remained within the diocese planned retreats for the North Carolina Catholics. These four aspects comprised Waters' Missionary Apostolate.
To convert the entire state, Waters encouraged each Church to convert one North Carolinian for every adult parishioner. This goal was not realized. Waters was more successful in establishing a Catholic church in every county. At his death, seventy-five of the one hundred North Carolina counties contained churches, though many were missions, lacking a resident pastor because of the shortage of priests. Waters also wanted to increase the number and size of parochial schools. Initially successful, schools increased from fifteen to sixty-four, but following the Second Vatican Council, the number declined, though Waters was still bishop.
Waters began ending segregation in the diocese in June 1953, despite resistance from the North Carolinians. Holy Redeemer Parish in Newton Grove, run by the Redemptorist priests, became the first Church of any denomination in North Carolina to be integrated. On Memorial Day Weekend of 1953, Waters himself celebrated the first integrated Mass. No riots ensued, but tension abounded and both the church and school suffered such a loss of numbers that both closed and the Redemptorists left. Later, the church reopened as Our Lady of Guadalupe and operates to this day. In 1954, St. Monica, a school for black children, joined the Cathedral School for whites. These two became the first integrated schools in North Carolina.
Waters strove to preserve pious Catholic traditions. Unhappy that some religious sisters stopped wearing their habits, Waters wrote a letter in 1971 requesting that the nuns wear their habits or leave the diocese. Some religious sisters kept their habits and continued serving; others left the diocese. Waters also required that his priests wear their clerics in public. Though some people, religious and lay, disliked Waters' rigidity and traditionalism, others supported Waters as he preserved Church traditions.
Growth in the Diocese
While Waters was bishop, the diocese grew. It increased physically, having received by 1960 the Abbey Nullius as its own property. The diocese covered all of North Carolina except Belmont Abbey, which remained its own diocese under the abbot's supervision. The diocese had three auxiliary bishops during Waters' episcopate: James Johnston Navagh (1952-1957), Charles Borromeo McLaughlin (1964-1968) and George Edward Lynch (1970-1985). The Raleigh Diocese also grew in numbers; by 1972, the diocese contained over 70,000 Catholics. Pope Paul VI granted Waters' petition and split the Raleigh Diocese, establishing the Diocese of Charlotte for the west half of North Carolina. The Raleigh Diocese dropped from about 46,000 miles to its current size of about 32,000 miles, stretching from Burlington, just East of Greensboro, to the Atlantic Coast. After nearly thirty years of being Raleigh's bishop, Waters died from a heart attack in 1974, leaving North Carolina with 78 diocesan priests, 76 religious order priests, and 77,834 Catholics.
Bishop Francis Joseph Gossman
Bishop Gossman, from Baltimore, Maryland, became the Raleigh Diocese's fourth bishop on May 19, 1975. Gossman relied on the advice of others when making decisions. He encouraged "collegiality," lay and female assistance in the Church's duties. Gossman asked the faithful to help by living their faith daily and helping those in need. He also welcomed their assistance in diocesan positions. Religious sisters became pastoral administrators. In 1992, John Riedy became the first lay chancellor of the diocese. Gossman retired in 2006 after leading the Raleigh Diocese for over thirty years. During Gossman's years as bishop, the diocese expanded with over 50 parishes and the number of Catholics tripled; the diocese had 192,000 registered Catholics in 2006.
Bishop Michael Burbidge
Bishop Burbidge, Philadelphia's auxiliary bishop (2002-2006), became the fifth bishop of the Raleigh Diocese. Burbidge is known for his faithfulness to the Church and his familiarity with the people of his diocese. In the fall of 2007, he began the Diocese of Raleigh Home Mission Society.
Diocese of Raleigh Home Mission Society
The diocese had stopped receiving donations from the Catholic Church Extension Society in 2000 since it had raised a substantial amount of money, but many people, Hispanics, northern Catholics, and military families, were immigrating to North Carolina. The diocese needed more, larger churches. Burbidge started the Home Mission Society to help raise funds for the construction of churches in the mission areas of North Carolina.
(all Roman Rite)
- Apostolic Vicars of North Carolina
- James Gibbons (1868.03.03 – 1877.05.20), Titular Bishop of Adramyttium (1868.03.03 – 1872.07.30), later Bishop of Richmond (USA) (1872.07.30 – 1877.05.29), Titular Archbishop of Ionopolis (1877.05.29 – 1877.10.03), Coadjutor Archbishop of Baltimore (1877.05.29 – 1877.10.03), succeeding as Metropolitan Archbishop of Baltimore (USA) (1877.10.03 – death 1921.03.24), and Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Trastevere (1887.03.17 – 1921.03.24), thus becoming Protopriest of the Sacred College of Cardinals (1920.12.07 – 1921.03.24)
- Stanislaus Mark Gross (1880.02.24 – death 1881 not possessed), Titular Bishop of Lyrba (1880.02.24 – 1881 not possessed)
- Henry Pinckney Northrop (1881.09.16 – 1888.02.04), Titular Bishop of Rosalia (see) (1881.09.16 – 1883.01.27), later Bishop of Charleston (USA) (1883.01.27 – 1916.06.07)
- Leo Michael Haid, Benedictine Order (O.S.B.) (1888.02.04 – 1924.07.24), Titular Bishop of Messene (1888.02.04 – death 1924.07.24), President of American-Cassinese Benedictine Congregation (1890 – 1896), Abbot nullius of Belmont–Mary Help of Christians (USA) (1910.06.08 – 1924.07.24)
- Bishops of Raleigh
- William J. Hafey (1925.04.06 – 1937.10.02), later Titular Bishop of Appia (1937.10.02 – 1938.03.25) & Coadjutor Bishop of Scranton (USA) (1937.10.02 – 1938.03.25), succeeding as Bishop of Scranton (1938.03.25 – death 1954.05.12)
- Eugene J. McGuinness (1937.10.13 – 1944.11.11), later Titular Bishop of Ilium (1944.11.11 – 1948.02.01) & Coadjutor Bishop of Oklahoma City–Tulsa (USA) (1944.11.11 – 1948.02.01), succeeding as Bishop of Oklahoma City–Tulsa (USA) (1948.02.01 – 1957.12.27)
- Vincent S. Waters (1945.03.15 – 1974.12.03)
- Francis Joseph Gossman (1975.04.08 – 2006.06.08), previously Titular Bishop of Aguntum (1968.07.15 – 1975.04.08) & Auxiliary Bishop of Baltimore (USA) (1968.07.15 – 1975.04.08)
- Michael F. Burbidge (6 August 2006 - 4 October 2016), previously Titular Bishop of Cluain Iraird (2002.06.21 – 2006.06.08) & Auxiliary Bishop of Philadelphia (USA) (2002.06.21 – 2006.06.08)
Size of the diocese in 2010
In 2010, the Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh contained 96 parishes, missions, and stations; seven Catholic centers on college campuses; 70 active diocesan priests and 49 active religious priests; 64 religious sisters; 47 religious men; 217,000 registered Catholics; and 240,000 unregistered Hispanics.
Education in the diocese
The Diocese of Raleigh currently has two high schools, as well as a lay-run high school, and many lower schools. Of these include;
- John Paul II Catholic High School, Greenville
- Cardinal Gibbons High School, Raleigh
- St. Thomas More Academy, Raleigh (run by laypeople)
Pope John Paul II High School
In 2010, Pope John Paul II High School in Greenville, North Carolina, became the second diocesan high school. In the 2010-2011 school year, the high school taught only ninth grade. It added grades 10-12 as students advanced through the 2013-2014 school year. The high school expansion mirrors growth in other areas of the diocese.
Elementary and middle schools
- St. Mary Magdalene Catholic School, Apex
- St. Michael the Archangel Catholic School, Cary
- St. Thomas More Catholic School, Chapel Hill
- Immaculata Catholic School, Durham
- St. Ann Catholic School, Fayetteville
- St. Patrick Catholic School, Fayetteville
- St. Peter's Catholic School, Greenville
- St. Paul Catholic School, New Bern
- Cathedral School, Raleigh
- St. Raphael the Archangel Catholic School, Raleigh
- Our Lady of Lourdes Catholic School, Raleigh
- The Franciscan School, Raleigh
- St. Catherine of Sienna Catholic School, Wake Forest
- St. Mary Catholic School, Wilmington
- St. Egbert's Catholic School (Morehead City, N.C.)
- Annunciation Catholic School (Havelock, N.C.)
- St. Mark Catholic School (Wilmington N.C.)
- St. Mary's School, Goldsboro
- Infant of Prague Catholic School, Jacksonville
|Wikisource has the text of a 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia article about Apostolic Vicarate of North Carolina.|
- Historical list of the Catholic bishops of the United States
- List of the Catholic dioceses of the United States
- List of Roman Catholic archdioceses (by country and continent)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (alphabetical) (including archdioceses)
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses (structured view) (including archdioceses)
- "New Catholic cathedral planned for Raleigh". WRAL-TV News. 7 September 2011. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- "Diocese breaks ground for new cathedral". Diocese of Raleigh. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- "New Cathedral Design – Inspired by You". Diocese of Raleigh. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- "Our History". Diocese of Raleigh. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- "Our Diocese at 90". Diocese of Raleigh. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- "Belmont Abbey Founded In 1876 In 'Wilds of North Carolina'". North Carolina Catholic: 42. 1 September 1970.
- Powers (2003), pp. 235–236
- Powers (2003), p. 238
- Powers (2003), pp. 237–238
- Powers (2003), pp. 239, 241, 243
- Powers (2003), pp. 242–258
- Powers (2003), pp. 262–263
- Powers (2003), pp. 259–264
- Powers (2003), pp. 12–13
- Powers (2003), pp. 11–13
- Reece, Richard (January–February 2008). "Mission Possible: Eastern North Carolina—Catholic? The Raleigh Home Mission Society Could Make it Happen". NC Catholics. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- "Church On Wheels Brought Faith To All In N.C. Area". North Carolina Catholic: 52. 1 September 1970.
- Powers (2003), pp. 41–54
- Powers (2003), pp. 62–63
- Powers (2003), pp. 32–33
- Powers (2003), pp. 56–58
- Ellis (1956), p. 148
- Powers (2003), pp. 15–23
- Reece, Richard (January–February 2009). "100 Years of Catholic Education". NC Catholics: 14–17. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- Powers (2003), pp. 72–74
- Powers (2003), pp. 79–81, 83
- Cheney, David M. "Diocese of Raleigh". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
- "The Diocese". Diocese of Raleigh. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- Powers (2003), p. 34, 85
- "Past Bishops". Diocese of Raleigh. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- Powers (2003), p. 426
- Munger, Guy. "Cardinal to speak: Bishop Gossman will celebrate 25 years with silver jubilee at Civic Center September 11." NC Catholic, 5 September 1993: 2. Print.
- Munger, Guy. "Bishop Gossman: A shepherd for today's Church and a product of his times." NC Catholic, 5 September 1993: 4-5, 7.
- Powers (2003), pp. 427–434
- Hetzler, Sue. "Work is never done: Bishop Gossman is a shepherd with a post-Vatican II manner." NC Catholic, 5 September 1993: 20-21.
- "Bishop Michael F. Burbidge". Diocese of Raleigh.
- "'People Person' prepares to take the helm of Raleigh Diocese". Catholic News Agency. 31 July 2006. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- "About John Paul II Catholic High School". Retrieved 2016-02-26.
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Raleigh Official Site
- GigaCatholic with incumbent biography links
- Catholic Hierarchy of Raleigh, North Carolina
- NC Catholic Magazine