Roman Catholic Diocese of Séez
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|Diocese of Séez|
Diocèse de Séez
|Metropolitan||Archdiocese of Rouen|
|Area||6,103 km2 (2,356 sq mi)|
(as of 2014)|
|Sui iuris church||Latin Church|
|Cathedral||Cathedral Basilica of Notre Dame in Sées|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Jean-Charles Marie Descubes|
|Website of the Diocese|
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Séez (Latin: Dioecesis Sagiensis; French: Diocèse de Séez) is a diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in France. Originally established in the 3rd century, the diocese encompasses the department of Orne in the Region of Normandy. The episcopal see is the cathedral in Sées, and the diocese is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Rouen.
The current bishop of Séez is Mgr. Jacques Léon Jean Marie Habert. He was appointed to the post on October 28, 2010 and formally installed and ordained as bishop on January 9, 2011. Bishop Habert was previously a priest of the Diocese of Créteil.
Saint Ebrulf, a native of the Diocese of Bayeux, founded, after 560, several monasteries in the Diocese of Séez; one of them became the important Abbey of Saint-Martin-de-Séez, which, owing to the influence of Richelieu, its administrator-general, was reformed in 1636 by the Benedictines of Saint-Maur. Rotrou II, Count of Perche, in fulfillment of a vow, established in 1122, at Soligny, the Abbey of La Trappe, in favour of which Bulls were issued by popes Eugene III (1147), Alexander III (1173) and Innocent III (1203), and which was reformed in 1662 by Abbot Amand Jean le Bouthillier de Rancé.
During the French Revolution the Trappists went with Dom Augustin de Lestranges, 26 April 1791, into Switzerland, where they founded the convent of La Val Saint, but returned to Soligny soon after the accession of Louis XVII. Among the abbots of the Trappists monastery at Soligny were: Cardinal Jean du Bellay, who held a number of bishoprics and resigned his abbatial dignity in 1538; the historian Dom Gervaise, superior of the abbey from 1696-8.
On the occasion of the St Bartholomew's Day massacre in 1572 Matignon, leader of the Catholics, succeeded in saving the lives of the Protestants at Alençon. The cathedral of Séez dates from the twelfth century; that of Alençon was begun in the fourteenth.
The diocese was re-established by the Concordat of 1802, which, by adding to it some parishes of the Dioceses of Bayeux, Lisieux, Le Mans and Chartres, and by cutting off some districts formerly included in it, made it exactly coextensive with the department. It is suffragan to the Archdiocese of Rouen in Normandy.
In 1884 Monseigneur Buguet, curé of Montligeon chapel, founded an expiatory society for the abandoned souls in Purgatory, since erected by pope Leo XIII into a Prima Primaria archconfraternity, which publishes six bulletins in different languages and has members in every part of the world. Notre Dame de la Chapelle Montligeon is also a place of pilgrimage. The Grande Trappe of Soligny still exists in the Diocese of Séez, which before the application of the law of 1901 against religious congregations had different teaching congregations of brothers, in addition to the Redemptorists. Among the congregations of nuns originating in the diocese may be mentioned: the Sisters of Providence, a teaching and nursing institute founded in 1683 with mother-house at Séez; the Sisters of Christian Education, established in 1817 by Abbé Lafosse, mother-house at Argentan, and a branch of the order at Farnborough in England; the Sisters of Mercy, founded in 1818 by Abbé Bazin to nurse the sick in their own homes.
According to the Georges Goyau, "Louis Duchesne believed that for the period anterior to 900 no reliance can be placed on the episcopal catalogue of Séez, which we know by certain compilations of the sixth century." A later tradition assigns Saint Latuinus to the first century and make him a missionary sent by Pope Clement I.
- Saint Latuinus (Lain, Latuin) (5th century?).
- Sigisbald (451?)
- Saint Landry of Séez (480?)
- Passivus, first bishop of Séez historically known, according to Louis Duchesne. Assisted at four councils after the year 533.
- Saint Raverennus (date uncertain)
- Saint Aunobertus (about 689); assassinated, whose double episcopacy Duchesne assigns to the close of the seventh or the beginning of the eighth century
- Hildebrand, predecessor of Adelin
- Saint Adelin of Séez, author of a work on the life and miracles of Saint Opportuna of Montreuil
- Gerard I (d. 1091)
- Gervase (1220–1228), a Premonstratensian, who had the confidence of Celestine III, Innocent III, and Honorius III
- Jean Bertaut (1607–1611), who, with his fellow-student and friend, Du Perron, contributed to the conversion to Catholicism of Henry IV of France, and who was esteemed for his poetical talents.
- Guillaume-André-Réné Baston, appointed by Napoleon.
Saints and pilgrimages
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Some saints were especially venerated in this diocese. These included Ravennus and Rasyphus, martyred in the diocese about the beginning of the third century. Saint Céronne (d. about 490) founded two monasteries of nuns near Mortagne; and Saint Cenerius, or Céneri (d. about 669), born at Spoleto, was the founder of the monastery of Saint Cenerius. Saint Opportuna, sister of Saint Chrodegang, and her aunt, Saint Lanthilda, were abbesses of the two monasteries of Almenèches (end of the seventh or beginning of the eighth century). Saint Evremond (d. about 720) was the founder of the monasteries of Fontenay les Louvets and Montmevrey. Saint Osmund, Bishop of Salisbury (d. 1099), as Comte de Séez, followed William the Conqueror into England.
The chief pilgrimages in the diocese were Notre-Dame de Champs at Séez, Notre-Dame du Vallet, Notre-Dame du Repos, near Almenèches, three very ancient shrines; Notre-Dame de Lignerolles, a pilgrimage of the seventh century; Notre-Dame de Recouvrance, at Les Tourailles, dating beyond 900; Notre-Dame de Longny, established in the sixteenth century; Notre-Dame du Lignon, a pilgrimage of the seventeenth century.
- Saint Latuin, apostle of Seez, legendary, fifth century
- Saint Sigisbold, c. 460
- Saint Landry, c. 460
- Nile or Hille (Hillus), 5th century
- Hubert de Sees, c. 500
- Litardus, Litharedus or Lotharius, 511 (First Council of Orleans)
- Passiv (City of the Councils of Orléans 533, 538, 541 and 549) 533 - 549
- Leudobaude (Cited at the Council of Tours of 567 and at the Council of Paris of 573) 567-573
- Marcel (quoted at the Council of Paris 614) 614
- Amlacaire (cited in the Council of Chalon 647/53) 647/653
- Saint Reverend, 670 - 682, (questionable information) [réf. necessary]
- Saint Annobert or Alnobert, quoted at the Council of Rouen of 692, died in 706
- Rodobert or Chrodobert, 706, also count of Hiémois
- Hugues I (bishop of Sees), 8th century
- Saint Ravenger, ??? - 750
- Saint Loyer or Lothaire, around 750
- Saint Chrodegang or Godegrand, ??? - 770
- Saint Gerard, 765 - 805
- Reginald of Sees, about 811
- Ingelnom, c. 833
- Saxobold, 840 - 852
- Saint Adelin, Adalhelm (Adalhelmus), c. 879 - 916, becomes slave of the Vikings
- Robert I, tenth century
- Benedict, tenth century
- Azon the Venerable, c. 986-1006
- Richard I
- Sigefroi or Sigefroi, c. 1010 - 1026
- Radbod, c. 1025 - v. 1030
- Yves de Belleme, c. 1035 - 1070
- Robert II of Ryes, c. 1070-v. 1081
- Gerard I, 1082 - 1091
- Serlon d'Orgères, 1091 - 1123, previously abbot of Saint-Évroult
- John I of Neuville, 1124-1143
- Gerard II, 1144 - 1157
- Froger, 1157 - 11843
- Lisiard, 1184 - 12013
- Sylvestre, 1202 - 1220, replaces Raoul du Merle who was elected in 1201 but whose election was rejected by supporters of Jean sans Terre
- Gervais I of Chichester, also abbot-general of Prémontrés4, 1220 - 1228
- Hugues II, 1228 - 1240
- Geoffroy de Mayet, 1240 - 1258
- Thomas of Aunou, 1258 - 1278
- John II of Bernieres, 1278 - 1292
- Philippe Le Boulenger, 1294 - 1315
- Richard II of Sentilly, 1315 - 1320
- William I Mauger, 1320 - 1356
- Gervais II of Belleau, 1356 - 1363
- William II of Rance, 1363 - 1378
- Gregory Langlois, 1378 - 1404
- Pierre Beaublé, 1404 - 1408
- John III, 1408 - 1422
- Robert III of Rouvres, 1422 - 1433
- Thibaut Lemoine, 1433-1434
- Jean IV Chevalier, 1434 - 1438
- Jean V of Pérusse d'Escars, 1438 - 1454
- Robert IV of Cornegrue, 1454 - 14785
- Étienne Goupillon, 1478 - 14935
- Gilles de Laval, 1493 - 15025
- Claude d'Husson, 1503 - 1510
- Jacques de Silly, 1511 - 1539
- Nicolas of Dangu, 1539 - 1545
- Pierre Duval, 1545 - 1564
- Louis of the Moulinet, 1564 - 1601
- Claude de Morenne, 1601 - 1606
- Jean Bertaut, abbot of Aunay, 1606 - 1611
- Jacques Suares, 1611 - 1614
- Jacques Camus of Pontcarré, 1614 - 1650
- François de Rouxel de Médavy (1651 Appointed – 1671 Appointed, Archbishop of Rouen)
- Louis Thomas d’Acquin (1667 Appointed – 7 May 1710 Died)
- Jean de Forcoal ( 1671 Appointed – 22 Feb 1682 Died)
- Mathurin Savary (22 May 1682 Appointed – 16 Aug 1698 Died)
- Louis d’Aquin (1 Nov 1698 Appointed – 17 May 1710 Died)
- Dominique-Barnabé Turgot de Saint-Clair (12 Jul 1710 Appointed – 18 Dec 1727 Died)
- Jacques-Charles-Alexandre Lallemant (27 Mar 1728 Appointed – 6 Apr 1740 Died)
- Louis-François Néel de Christot (5 May 1740 Appointed – 8 Sep 1775 Died)
- Jean-Baptiste du Plessis d'Argentré (17 Sep 1775 Appointed – 24 Feb 1805 Died)
- Hilarion-François de Chevigné de Boischollet (9 Apr 1802 Appointed – 12 Feb 1812 Died)
- Alexis Saussol (8 Aug 1817 Appointed – 7 Feb 1836 Died)
- Mellon de Jolly (25 May 1836 Appointed – 19 Nov 1843 Appointed, Archbishop of Sens and Auxerre)
- Charles-Frédéric Rousselet (26 Nov 1843 Appointed – 1 Dec 1881 Died)
- François-Marie Trégaro (1 Dec 1881 Succeeded – 6 Jan 1897 Died)
- Claude Bardel (14 Apr 1897 Appointed – 16 Feb 1926 Died)
- Octave-Louis Pasquet (21 Jun 1926 Appointed – 31 Mar 1961 Retired)
- André-Jean-Baptiste Pioger (31 Mar 1961 Appointed – 24 Jul 1971 Retired)
- Henri-François-Marie-Pierre Derouet (24 Jul 1971 Succeeded – 10 Oct 1985 Appointed, Bishop of Arras (–Boulogne–Saint-Omer))
- Yves-Maria Guy Dubigeon (22 Aug 1986 Appointed – 25 Apr 2002 Retired)
- Jean-Claude Ézechiel Jean-Baptiste Boulanger (25 Apr 2002 Succeeded – 12 Mar 2010 Appointed, Bishop of Bayeux and Lisieux)
- Jacques Léon Jean Marie Habert (28 Oct 2010 Appointed – present)
- Note that the names of the town and the diocese are spelled differently
- Goyau, Georges. "Seez" The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 13. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Retrieved: 2016-07-07.
- Spear, David S. (2006). The Personnel of the Norman Cathedrals during the Ducal Period, 911-1204. Fasti Ecclesiae Anglicanae. London: Institute of Historical Research. p. 272. ISBN 1-871348-95-1.
- He should probably not be conflated with Chrodegang of Metz
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. pp. 427–428. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. pp. 226–227.
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. p. 288.
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06. p. 299.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. p. 338.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. p. 362.
- Desportes, Pierre – Fouché, Jean-Pascal – Loddé, Françoise –Vallière, Laurent (ed.) (2005): Fasti Ecclesiae Gallicanae. Répertoire prosopographique des évêques, dignitaires et chanoines des diocèses de France de 1200 à 1500. IX. Diocèse de Sées. Turnhout, Brepols. (in French)
- Maurey d'Orville, Pierre-Claude (1829). Recherches historiques sur la ville, les évêques et le diocèse de Séez (in French). Séez: P. Brée.
- Société bibliographique (France) (1907). L'épiscopat français depuis le Concordat jusqu'à la Séparation (1802-1905). Paris: Librairie des Saints-Pères.
- (in French) Diocèse de Séez
- Diocèse de Séez at the Catholic Encyclopedia
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.