Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm

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Catholic Diocese of Stockholm

Dioecesis Holmiensis

Stockholms katolska stift
Coat of arms of the Diocese of Stockholm.svg
Location
CountrySweden
MetropolitanImmediately Subject to the Holy See
Coordinates59°18′50″N 18°04′21″E / 59.31389°N 18.07250°E / 59.31389; 18.07250Coordinates: 59°18′50″N 18°04′21″E / 59.31389°N 18.07250°E / 59.31389; 18.07250
Statistics
Area450,000 km2 (170,000 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2019)
Increase 10,290,832
Increase 122,000 (Steady 1.2%)
Parishes44[1]
Information
DenominationCatholic
RiteLatin Rite
Established1953[1]
CathedralSaint Eric's Cathedral
Secular priests158[1]
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
BishopCardinal Anders Arborelius
Website
[1]

The Diocese of Stockholm (Latin: Dioecesis Holmiensis; Swedish: Stockholms katolska stift) is an exempt Latin Catholic ecclesiastical bishopric in Sweden and the only Roman Catholic diocese established in Sweden since the Protestant Reformation.

Its cathedral episcopal see is Saint Erik's Cathedral, in Sweden's capital city, Stockholm. The former Catholic cathedrals ('domkyrka') in Linköping, Lund, Skara, Strängnäs, Uppsala (archiepiscopal), Västerås and Växjö have all been turned into Lutheran churches, like the World Heritage Site Nederluleå kyrka in Gammelstaden.

The diocese of Stockholm, which belongs to no ecclesiastical province but forms an episcopal conference with its Nordic neighbours, includes 44 parishes and covers the entire country of Sweden.

History[edit]

Antecedents[edit]

Between 1521 and 1550 the episcopates of the last Roman Catholic bishops in Sweden and Finland ended.[2] Thereafter Lutheranism prevailed in Sweden-Finland as well as in Danish Scania, which later became part of Sweden.

In 1582 the stray Catholics in Sweden and elsewhere in Northern Europe were placed under the jurisdiction of a papal nuncio in Cologne. The Congregation de propaganda fide, on its establishment in 1622, took charge of the vast missionary field, which – at its third session – it divided among the nuncio of Brussels (for the Catholics in Denmark and Norway), the nuncio at Cologne (much of Northern Germany) and the nuncio to Poland (Sweden-Finland, and Mecklenburg).

In 1688 Sweden became part of the Apostolic Vicariate of the Nordic Missions. The German Paderborn bishops functioned as administrators of the apostolic vicariate.

See of Stockholm[edit]

Statistics[edit]

As per 2019, it pastorally served 122,000 Catholics (1.2% of 10,290,832 total), but estimated to be more than 150,000 Catholics consisting of hundreds of nationalities on 450,000 km² with 44 parishes and 13 missions with 159 priests (78 diocesan, 81 religious), 31 deacons, 269 lay religious (96 brothers, 173 sisters) and 9 seminarians.

Episcopal ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite)

Apostolic Vicars of Sweden[edit]

  1. Nicolaus Oster (1783–1790)
  2. Rafael d'Ossery (1790–1795)
  3. Paolo Moretti (1795–1804)
  4. Jean Baptiste Gridaine (1805–1833)
  5. Jacob Laurentius Studach (1833–1873)
  6. Johan Georg Huber (1874–1886)
  7. Albert Bitter (1886–1922)
  8. Johannes Erik Müller, O.S.B. (1922–1953)

Bishops of Stockholm[edit]

  1. Johannes Erik Müller, O.S.B. (1953–1957)
  2. Knut Ansgar Nelson, O.S.B. (1957–1962)
  3. John E. Taylor, O.M.I. (1962–1976)
  4. Hubertus Brandenburg (1977–1998)
  5. Cardinal Anders Arborelius (1998–present)

Auxiliary Bishops[edit]

  1. William Kenney, C.P. (1987–2006), appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Birmingham

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Stockholms Katolska Stift". Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
  2. ^ One see after the other turned into de facto sede vacante, with no new Catholic bishops invested or them living in captivity or exile as bishops merely by title, Skara since 1521, Uppsala since 1524/1526, Linköping since 1527, Växjö since 1530, Västerås since 1534, Lund since 1536, Strängnäs since 1536, and Åbo (Turku) since 1550.

Sources and external links[edit]