Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm
Catholic Diocese of Stockholm
Stockholms katolska stift
|Metropolitan||Immediately Subject to the Holy See|
|Area||450,000 km2 (170,000 sq mi)|
|(as of 2019)|
122,000 ( 1.2%)
|Cathedral||Saint Eric's Cathedral|
|Bishop||Cardinal Anders Arborelius|
The Diocese of Stockholm (Latin: Dioecesis Holmiensis; Swedish: Stockholms katolska stift) is an exempt Latin Catholic ecclesiastical bishopric in Sweden and the only Roman Catholic diocese established in Sweden since the Protestant Reformation.
Its cathedral episcopal see is Saint Erik's Cathedral, in Sweden's capital city, Stockholm. The former Catholic cathedrals ('domkyrka') in Linköping, Lund, Skara, Strängnäs, Uppsala (archiepiscopal), Västerås and Växjö have all been turned into Lutheran churches, like the World Heritage Site Nederluleå kyrka in Gammelstaden.
Between 1521 and 1550 the episcopates of the last Roman Catholic bishops in Sweden and Finland ended. Thereafter Lutheranism prevailed in Sweden-Finland as well as in Danish Scania, which later became part of Sweden.
In 1582 the stray Catholics in Sweden and elsewhere in Northern Europe were placed under the jurisdiction of a papal nuncio in Cologne. The Congregation de propaganda fide, on its establishment in 1622, took charge of the vast missionary field, which – at its third session – it divided among the nuncio of Brussels (for the Catholics in Denmark and Norway), the nuncio at Cologne (much of Northern Germany) and the nuncio to Poland (Sweden-Finland, and Mecklenburg).
See of Stockholm
- When a new Catholic missionary jurisdiction was established, it was not at any of the ancient episcopal sees but an Apostolic prefecture of Sweden in 1781, created out of parts of the Nordic Missions comprising then Sweden and Finland.
- On 23 September 1783 the apostolic prefecture was promoted to the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden, seated in the Swedish capital Stockholm, entitled to a titular bishop but apparently until 1862 without this actual rank. The Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden also included Finland between 1783 and 1809 (then passed to the Russian-imperial Mohilev Archdiocese) ...
- ... and the southern areas of Norway between 1834 and 7 August 1868 (thereafter Mission sui juris of Norway, later Apostolic Prefecture of Norway), whereas Norway north of the polar circle formed part of Sweden vicariate from 1834 to 1855, then becoming the Apostolic Prefecture of the North Pole.
- On 29 June 1953 the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden was promoted to Diocese Stockholm, named after its see, while the same diocesan status was given in Norway to the new bishopric of Oslo.
- It enjoyed Papal visits by Pope John Paul II in June 1989 and by Pope Francis in October/November 2016.
As per 2019, it pastorally served 122,000 Catholics (1.2% of 10,290,832 total), but estimated to be more than 150,000 Catholics consisting of hundreds of nationalities on 450,000 km² with 44 parishes and 13 missions with 159 priests (78 diocesan, 81 religious), 31 deacons, 269 lay religious (96 brothers, 173 sisters) and 9 seminarians.
(all Roman Rite)
Apostolic Vicars of Sweden
- Nicolaus Oster (1783–1790)
- Rafael d'Ossery (1790–1795)
- Paolo Moretti (1795–1804)
- Jean Baptiste Gridaine (1805–1833)
- Jacob Laurentius Studach (1833–1873)
- Johan Georg Huber (1874–1886)
- Albert Bitter (1886–1922)
- Johannes Erik Müller, O.S.B. (1922–1953)
Bishops of Stockholm
- Johannes Erik Müller, O.S.B. (1953–1957)
- Knut Ansgar Nelson, O.S.B. (1957–1962)
- John E. Taylor, O.M.I. (1962–1976)
- Hubertus Brandenburg (1977–1998)
- Cardinal Anders Arborelius (1998–present)
References and Notes
- "Stockholms Katolska Stift". Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- One see after the other turned into de facto sede vacante, with no new Catholic bishops invested or them living in captivity or exile as bishops merely by title, Skara since 1521, Uppsala since 1524/1526, Linköping since 1527, Växjö since 1530, Västerås since 1534, Lund since 1536, Strängnäs since 1536, and Åbo (Turku) since 1550.