Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm

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Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm
Dioecesis Holmiensis
Stockholms katolska stift
Coat of arms of the Diocese of Stockholm.svg
Location
Country Sweden
Metropolitan Immediately Subject to the Holy See
Coordinates 59°18′50″N 18°04′21″E / 59.31389°N 18.07250°E / 59.31389; 18.07250Coordinates: 59°18′50″N 18°04′21″E / 59.31389°N 18.07250°E / 59.31389; 18.07250
Statistics
Area 450,000 km2 (170,000 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2014)
9,340,000
106,873 (1.1%)
Parishes 44[1]
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Rite Latin Rite
Established 1953[1]
Cathedral Saint Eric's Cathedral
Secular priests 158[1]
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Anders Arborelius
Website
www.katolskakyrkan.se/1/1.0.1.0/107/2/

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm (Latin: Dioecesis Holmiensis; Swedish: Stockholms katolska stift) is an exempt Latin Catholic ecclesiastical bishopric in Sweden and the only Roman Catholic diocese established in Sweden since the Protestant Reformation.

Its cathedral episcopal see is Saint Erik Katolska Domkyrkoförsamlingen, in Sweden's capital city, Stockholm. The former Catholic cathedrals 'domkurka') in Linköping, Lund, Skara, Strängnäs, Uppsala (archiepiscopal), Vasteras and Växjö have all been turned into Lutheran churches, like the World Heritage Site Nederluleå kyrka Nederluleå kyrka in Gammelstaden.

The diocese of Stockholm, which belongs to no ecclesiastical province but forms an episcopal conference with its Nordic neighbours, includes 42 parishes and covers the entire country of Sweden.

History[edit]

Antecedents[edit]

Between 1521 and 1550 the episcopates of the last Roman Catholic bishops in Sweden and Finland ended.[2] Thereafter Lutheranism prevailed in Sweden-Finland as well as in Danish Scania, which later became part of Sweden.

In 1582 the stray Catholics in Sweden and elsewhere in Northern Europe were placed under the jurisdiction of a papal nuncio in Cologne. The Congregation de propaganda fide, on its establishment in 1622, took charge of the vast missionary field, which – at its third session – it divided among the nuncio of Brussels (for the Catholics in Denmark and Norway), the nuncio at Cologne (much of Northern Germany) and the nuncio to Poland (Sweden-Finland, and Mecklenburg).

In 1688 Sweden became part of the Apostolic Vicariate of the Nordic Missions. The German Paderborn bishops functioned as administrators of the apostolic vicariate.


See of Stockholm[edit]

Statistics[edit]

As per 2014 it pastorally served 106,831 Catholics (1.1% of 9,651,531 total) on 450,000 km² 44 parishes and 13 missions with 159 priests (78 diocesan, 81 religious), 31 deacons, 269 lay religious (96 brothers, 173 sisters) and 9 seminarians.

Episcopal Ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite)

Apostolic Vicars of Sweden
  1. Nicolaus Oster (1783–1790)
  2. Rafael d'Ossery (1790–1795)
  3. Paolo Moretti (1795–1804)
  4. Jean Baptiste Gridaine (1805–1833)
  5. Jacob Laurentius Studach (born Switzerland) (1833.08.10 – death 1873.05.09), Titular Bishop of Orthosia (1862.05.22 – 1873.05.09)
  6. Father Johan Georg Huber (1874.09.01 – death 1886.03.25)
  7. Albert Bitter (1886.07.27 – retired 1922.10.09), Titular Bishop of Doliche (1893.06.15 – 1922.10.09); emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Soltania (1922.10.09 – death 1926.12.19)
  8. Johannes Erik Müller (born Germany) (1922.10.09 – 1953.06.29 see below), Titular Bishop of Lorea (1922.10.09 – 1953.06.29)
    1. Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic: Knut Ansgar Nelson, English Benedictine Congregation (E.B.C.) (born Denmark) (1947.08.11 – 1953.06.29), see below next Coadjutor Bishop (1953.06.29 – succession 1957.10.01)
Exempt Bishops of Stockholm
  1. Johannes Erik Müller (see above 1953.06.29 – retired 1957.08.01); emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Pompeiopolis in Cilicia (1957.08.01 – death 1965.04.05)
  2. (Knut) Ansgar Nelson, (E.B.C.) (see above 1957.10.01 – retired 1962.07.02), succeeding as former Titular Bishop of Bilta (1947.08.11 – 1957.10.01) first as Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic of Sweden (1947.08.11 – 1953.06.29), restyled Coadjutor Bishop of Stockholm (1953.06.29 – 1957.10.01); next emeritate as Titular Bishop of Dura (1962.07.02 – death 1990.03.31)
  3. John E. Taylor (born USA) (1962.07.02 – death 1976), also President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference (1970 – 1973)
  4. Hubertus Brandenburg (1977.11.21 – retired 1998.11.17), died 2009; previously Titular Bishop of Strathearn (1974.12.12 – 1977.11.21) as Auxiliary Bishop of Diocese of Osnabrück (Germany) (1974.12.12 – 1977.11.21)
    1. Auxiliary Bishop: William Kenney, Passionists (C.P.) (born England, UK) (1987.05.13 – 2006.10.17), Titular Bishop of Midica (1987.05.13 – ...); next Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Birmingham (England) (2006.10.17 – ...)
  5. Anders Arborelius (1998.11.17 – ...), also President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference (2005.10 – 2015.09.09), Vice-President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference (2015.09.09 – ...).

See also[edit]

References and Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Stockholms Katolska Stift". Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  2. ^ One see after the other turned into de facto sede vacante, with no new Catholic bishops invested or them living in captivity or exile as bishops merely by title, Skara since 1521, Uppsala since 1524/1526, Linköping since 1527, Växjö since 1530, Västerås since 1534, Lund since 1536, Strängnäs since 1536, and Åbo (Turku) since 1550.

Sources and external links[edit]