Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm
|Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm
Stockholms katolska stift
|Metropolitan||Immediately Subject to the Holy See|
|Area||450,000 km2 (170,000 sq mi)|
|(as of 2014)
|Cathedral||Saint Eric's Cathedral|
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm (Latin: Dioecesis Holmiensis; Swedish: Stockholms katolska stift) is an exempt Latin Catholic ecclesiastical bishopric in Sweden and the only Roman Catholic diocese established in Sweden since the Protestant Reformation.
Its cathedral episcopal see is Saint Erik Katolska Domkyrkoförsamlingen, in Sweden's capital city, Stockholm. The former Catholic cathedrals 'domkurka') in Linköping, Lund, Skara, Strängnäs, Uppsala (archiepiscopal), Vasteras and Växjö have all been turned into Lutheran churches, like the World Heritage Site Nederluleå kyrka Nederluleå kyrka in Gammelstaden.
Between 1521 and 1550 the episcopates of the last Roman Catholic bishops in Sweden and Finland ended. Thereafter Lutheranism prevailed in Sweden-Finland as well as in Danish Scania, which later became part of Sweden.
In 1582 the stray Catholics in Sweden and elsewhere in Northern Europe were placed under the jurisdiction of a papal nuncio in Cologne. The Congregation de propaganda fide, on its establishment in 1622, took charge of the vast missionary field, which – at its third session – it divided among the nuncio of Brussels (for the Catholics in Denmark and Norway), the nuncio at Cologne (much of Northern Germany) and the nuncio to Poland (Sweden-Finland, and Mecklenburg).
See of Stockholm
- When a new Catholic missionary jurisdiction was established, it was not at any of the ancient episcopal sees but an Apostolic prefecture of Sweden in 1781, created out of parts of the Nordic Missions comprising then Sweden and Finland.
- On 23 September 1783 the apostolic prefecture was promoted to the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden, seated in the Swedish capital Stockholm, entitled to a titular bishop but apparently until 1862 without this actual rank. The Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden also included Finland between 1783 and 1809 (then passed to the Russian-imperial Mohilev Archdiocese) ...
- ... and the southern areas of Norway between 1834 and 7 August 1868 (thereafter Mission sui juris of Norway, later Apostolic Prefecture of Norway), whereas Norway north of the polar circle formed part of Sweden vicariate from 1834 to 1855, then becoming the Apostolic Prefecture of the North Pole.
- On 29 June 1953 the Apostolic Vicariate of Sweden was promoted to Roman Catholic Diocese Stockholm, named after its see, while the same diocesan status was given in Norway to the new bishopric of Oslo.
- It enjoyed Papal visits by Pope John Paul II in June 1989 and by Pope Francis in October/November 2016.
As per 2014 it pastorally served 106,831 Catholics (1.1% of 9,651,531 total) on 450,000 km² 44 parishes and 13 missions with 159 priests (78 diocesan, 81 religious), 31 deacons, 269 lay religious (96 brothers, 173 sisters) and 9 seminarians.
(all Roman Rite)
- Apostolic Vicars of Sweden
- Nicolaus Oster (1783–1790)
- Rafael d'Ossery (1790–1795)
- Paolo Moretti (1795–1804)
- Jean Baptiste Gridaine (1805–1833)
- Jacob Laurentius Studach (born Switzerland) (1833.08.10 – death 1873.05.09), Titular Bishop of Orthosia (1862.05.22 – 1873.05.09)
- Father Johan Georg Huber (1874.09.01 – death 1886.03.25)
- Albert Bitter (1886.07.27 – retired 1922.10.09), Titular Bishop of Doliche (1893.06.15 – 1922.10.09); emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Soltania (1922.10.09 – death 1926.12.19)
- Johannes Erik Müller (born Germany) (1922.10.09 – 1953.06.29 see below), Titular Bishop of Lorea (1922.10.09 – 1953.06.29)
- Exempt Bishops of Stockholm
- Johannes Erik Müller (see above 1953.06.29 – retired 1957.08.01); emeritate as Titular Archbishop of Pompeiopolis in Cilicia (1957.08.01 – death 1965.04.05)
- (Knut) Ansgar Nelson, (E.B.C.) (see above 1957.10.01 – retired 1962.07.02), succeeding as former Titular Bishop of Bilta (1947.08.11 – 1957.10.01) first as Coadjutor Vicar Apostolic of Sweden (1947.08.11 – 1953.06.29), restyled Coadjutor Bishop of Stockholm (1953.06.29 – 1957.10.01); next emeritate as Titular Bishop of Dura (1962.07.02 – death 1990.03.31)
- John E. Taylor (born USA) (1962.07.02 – death 1976), also President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference (1970 – 1973)
- Hubertus Brandenburg (1977.11.21 – retired 1998.11.17), died 2009; previously Titular Bishop of Strathearn (1974.12.12 – 1977.11.21) as Auxiliary Bishop of Diocese of Osnabrück (Germany) (1974.12.12 – 1977.11.21)
- Anders Arborelius (1998.11.17 – ...), also President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference (2005.10 – 2015.09.09), Vice-President of Scandinavian Episcopal Conference (2015.09.09 – ...).
References and Notes
- "Stockholms Katolska Stift". Roman Catholic Diocese of Stockholm. Retrieved 28 August 2011.
- One see after the other turned into de facto sede vacante, with no new Catholic bishops invested or them living in captivity or exile as bishops merely by title, Skara since 1521, Uppsala since 1524/1526, Linköping since 1527, Växjö since 1530, Västerås since 1534, Lund since 1536, Strängnäs since 1536, and Åbo (Turku) since 1550.