Roman Catholic Diocese of Troyes

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Diocese of Troyes
Dioecesis Trecensis
Diocèse de Troyes
TroyesCathedrale.JPG
Location
Country  France
Ecclesiastical province Reims
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Reims
Statistics
Area 6,028 km2 (2,327 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2014)
303,997
216,800 (71.3%)
Parishes 44 ('new parishes')
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 4th Century
Cathedral Cathedral of St. Peter and St. Paul in Troyes
Patron saint Saint Peter
Saint Paul
Secular priests 64 (diocesan)
16 (Religious Orders)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Marc Stenger
Metropolitan Archbishop Thierry Jordan
Map
Diocèse de Troyes.svg
Website
Website of the Diocese

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Troyes (Latin: Dioecesis Trecensis; French: Diocèse de Troyes) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in Troyes, France. The diocese now comprises the département of Aube. Erected in the 4th century, the diocese is currently suffragan to the Archdiocese of Reims. It was re-established in 1802 as a suffragan of the Archbishopric of Paris, it then comprised the départements of Aube and Yonne, and its bishop had the titles of Troyes, Auxerre, and Châlons-sur-Marne. In 1822 the See of Châlons was created and the Bishop of Troyes lost that title. When Sens was made an archdiocese, the episcopal title of Auxerre went to it and Troyes lost also the département of Yonne, which became the Archdiocese of Sens. The Diocese of Troyes covers, besides the ancient diocesan limits, 116 parishes of the ancient Diocese of Langres, and 20 belonging to the ancient diocese of Sens. On 8 December 2002, the Diocese of Troyes was returned to its ancient Metropolitan, the Archbishop of Reims.

There is one priest for every 2,710 Catholics (2014).

When Troyes was the seat of the Bishop as well as of the Comte de Champagne, there was always tension between the two in terms of power and influence. After 1314, when Louis de Navarre became King Louis X of France, the competition was more distant but the competitor far more powerful. The Capitular Church of Saint-Étienne became a royal church, and the King tolerated no interference from the Bishop in his prerogatives.

History[edit]

The catalogue of bishops of Troyes, is first found in manuscripts of the 12th century, though it can be shown that there was a list of bishops by the 9th century. In the opinion of Louis Duchesne, the list is worthy of confidence, from the 5th century on at least.[1] The putative first bishop, St. Amator, seems to have preceded by a few years[ambiguous] Bishop Optatianus who probably ruled the diocese about 344.

During his term Bishop Ottulph (870-883) began to rebuild the cathedral, which had fallen in ruins due to neglect; coincidentally he discovered the body of Saint Frobert, which became an object of veneration. In 878 he was host to Pope John VIII, who had abandoned Italy, fleeing from the violence of Lambert, Duke of Spoleto.[2] In 889, during the administration of Bishop Bodon, the entire town of Troyes was reduced to ashes by an invasion of Northmen.[3]

There have been several councils held at Troyes, including those of 867, 878 (over which Pope John VIII presided), 1078, 1104 and 1107 (over which Pope Paschal II presided).

Cathedral, Collegiate Churches, Parishes[edit]

The Cathedral of Troyes is a fine Gothic structure begun in the 12th century, and completed in the 15th. The Cathedral Chapter has eight dignities: the Dean (who is elected by the Canons), the Treasurer, the Cantor, the Great Archdeacon (the Archdeacon of Troyes), the Archdeacon of Sessana, the Archdeacon of Arceis (Arcis), the Archdeacon of Brienne, and the Archdeacon of S. Margarita (Margerie). There were thirty-seven Canons, one of whom was the Prior of S. Georges de Gannayo. The Canons were appointed alternately by the Bishop and by the King.[4] The most famous of the Deans of Troyes was Petrus Comestor (ca. 1110–1179), who was born in Troyes and became a priest of the diocese; he was then professor of theology in Paris, and Chancellor of the Cathedral of Notre-Dame de Paris.[5]

In the diocese of Troyes there were ten collegiate churches:[6]

  • Saint-Étienne, in Troyes, a college royale[7]
  • Saint-Urbain, in Troyes (founded by Pope Urban IV ca. 1264)[8]
  • Saint Nicolas de Sézanne (founded 1164)
  • Lirey (founded 1353)
  • Broyes (founded 1081)
  • Pleurs (founded 1180)
  • Pougy (founded 1154)
  • Plancy (founded 1206)
  • Villemaur (founded 1124)
  • Beaufort-Montmorency

At the beginning of the fifteenth century there was a grand total of 185 Canons in the diocese of Troyes. By the beginning of the eighteenth, there were only 117.[9]

At the beginning of the fifteenth century there were 358 parishes in the diocese.[10]

Saint-Urbain

The ancient collegiate Church of St. Urbain[11] is a Gothic building whose lightness of treatment reminds one[who?] of La Sainte-Chapelle at Paris. Its construction was begun by Urban IV in 1262; the choir was completed in 1265, though the edifice was damaged by fire in 1266. The nave and façade are of the 19th and 20th centuries. Urban was a native of Troyes, and he prevailed upon the nuns of Notre-Dame-aux-Nonnans to sell him the land on which his father's house stood for a new church;[12] on one of the stained-glass windows he caused his father to be depicted, working at his trade of tailor. The College of twelve Canons was headed by a Dean, and there was a Cantor and a Treasurer.[13]

On 20 June 1353, Geoffroy de Charny, Lord of Savoisy and Lirey, founded at Lirey a collegiate church with six canonries, in honour of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary, and in this church he exposed for veneration a Holy Shroud.[14] Opposition arose on the part of the Bishop of Troyes, who declared after due inquiry that the relic was nothing but a painting, a fact to which the creator of the "relic" confessed. Therefore, the Bishop opposed its being exhibited. Clement VI, persuaded by interested parties, issued four Bulls on 30 January 1354, approving the exposition as lawful, and two more, on 3 August 1354 (granting indulgences) and 5 June 1357.[15] In 1418 during the civil wars, the Canons entrusted the Winding Sheet to Humbert, Count de La Roche, Lord of Lirey. Margaret, widow of Humbert,[16] never returned it but gave it in 1452 to the Duke of Savoy. The requests of the canons of Lirey were unavailing, and the Lirey shroud is claimed to be the same that is now on display in Turin.[17]

Revolution[edit]

The diocese of Troyes was abolished during the French Revolution by the Legislative Assembly, under the Civil Constitution of the Clergy (1790).[18] Its territory was subsumed into the new diocese, called the 'Aube', which was part of the Metropolitanate called the 'Metropole de Paris' (which included seven new 'départements'). The majority of clergy in the diocese of Troyes took the oath to the Constitution.[19] The legitimate bishop, Louis-Mathias-Joseph de Barral, refused to take the oath, departed Troyes on 11 March 1791, and emigrated to Switzerland by way of Trier.[20] Many of the non-jurors emigrated in September 1792, eight-three of them seeking refuge in Switzerland. Those who were too old or ill were rounded up and incarcerated in the College of the Oratory.[21] The diocesan seminary did not have enough teachers or students to continue to function; the building was used as a detention center for suspicious persons.[22]

In Switzerland, Bishop de Barral conferred with a number of his fellow exiles from the episcopal college, who came to the opinion that one might swear the Constitutional oath. Bishop de Barral left them and travelled to London, where he found the episcopal sentiment much more rigorous. Nonetheless, in 1791 he wrote a letter in which he approved the submission, though without blaming the recusants. In 1800 he declared himself for taking the oath. After Napoleon came to power on 18 Brumaire 1799, de Barral wrote to the priests of his diocese that it was acceptable to take the oath to the Consulate. On 5 October 1801 he resigned his bishopric, following the demand of Pope Pius VII for the resignation of all French bishops. He returned to France, and was named Bishop of Meaux on 18 April 1802.[23]

As for those left behind, on 20 March 1791 the electors of 'Aube' met and elected as their Bishop Fr. Augustin Sibille, who had been curé of the parish of Saint-Pantaleon in Troyes for thirty years.[24] He was consecrated in Paris on 3 April by Constitutional Bishops Jean Baptiste Gobel (Paris), Miroudot and Gouttes.[25] The consecration was valid, but it was illicit and schismatic; no bulls of consecration had been issued by Pope Pius VI. Bishop Sibille took possession of his cathedral in Troyes on Palm Sunday, 17 April 1791. At the end of 1793, however, the closing of all churches and the abolition of religion was decreed by the Conventionist Alexandre Rousselin.[26] Sibille resigned the priesthood on 18 November 1793, which saved him from certain death at the hands of the Terror. He died on 11 February 1798.[27]

On 1 July 1791, all of the members of the mendicant religious orders in the seven or eight convents which they occupied in Troyes were ordered to take up residence at the Convent of the Capucines where they were to live in common; they numbered some twenty persons. The Carthusians as well were rounded up and sent to the same place. Their properties and goods were to be sold. The Abbey of Saint-Loup was sold and its goods sold off, except for the relics, which were taken by Bishop Sibille to the Cathedral. Similar actions were carried out at Saint-Étienne, Saint-Pierre and Saint Lyé. Even the remains of the Counts of Champagne, Henri the Liberal and Thibault III, were exhumed and taken to the Cathedral.[28] When the turn of Clairvaux came for the goods to be confiscated and the buildings demolished, Bernard of Clairvaux and Malachy of Armagh were turned out of their reliquaries and tombs.[29] The locals of Clairvaux, according to the official story, preserved the remains, and Bishop Emmanuel-Jules Ravinet had those gathered up in 1875 and brought to the Cathedral in Troyes, where they are still kept.[30]

Religious Houses[edit]

The Abbey of Nesle la Riposte[31] was founded before 545 near Villenauxe, perhaps by Queen Clotilde. In the 16th century, after the Wars of Religion and the depredations of the Huguenots, the abbey was united to that at Saint-Vannes, and the monks caused the original doorway of Nesle Abbey to be rebuilt at Villenauxe, with the actual stones which they brought from Nesle. The Benedictine Mabillon undertook to interpret its carvings, among which might be seen the statue of a reine pédauque (i.e. a web-footed queen) supposed to be St. Clotilde.

The Abbey of Notre Dame aux Nonnains,[32] founded by St. Leucon, was an important abbey for women.[33] Alcuin and St. Bernard corresponded with its abbesses. At his installation the bishop went to the abbey on the previous evening; the bed he slept on became his property, but the mule on which he rode became the property of the abbess. The abbess led the bishop by the hand into the chapter hall; she put on his mitre, offered him his crozier, and in return the bishop promised to respect the rights of the abbey. The Jansenists in the 18th century made a great noise over the pretended cure by the deacon François Paris of Marie Madeleine de Mégrigny,[34] a nun of Notre Dame aux Nonnains.

The part of the Diocese of Troyes which formerly belonged to the Diocese of Langres contained the famous Abbey of Clairvaux, though the Abbey of Clairvaux and its possessions were exempt from episcopal interference and were dependent directly on the pope.

The Abbey of the Paraclete was founded by the poet and theologian Abelard.[35] In it the Abbess Heloise died in 1163; her body was interred there, and the remains of Abelard were buried there as well, until ejected by fanatics of the Revolution in 1792. Their present whereabouts is a matter of dispute. Nothing remains of the abbey.

Religious Orders at Troyes in the 17th and 18th centuries[edit]

Cardinal Pierre de Bérulle (1575–1629) was brought up on the Bérulle estate in the diocese. He preached at Troyes before founding the Oratorians. An Oratory was opened at Troyes in 1617; it was suppressed in 1792. Charles-Louis de Lantage, b. at Troyes in 1616, d. in 1694, was one of the chief helpers of Jean-Jacques Olier, founder of the Sulpicians.

Religious Orders at Troyes in the 19th century[edit]

Before the application of the Associations Law (1901), which instituted the separation between church and state in France, there were, in the Diocese of Troyes, Benedictines, Jesuits, Lazarists, Oblates of St. Francis of Sales, and Brothers of the Christian Schools. Many female congregations arose in the diocese, among others the Ursulines of Christian Teaching, founded at Moissy l'Evêque in the eighteenth century by Gilbert Gaspard de Montmorin, Bishop of Langres; the Sisters of Christian Instruction, founded in 1819, with motherhouse at Troyes; the Oblate Sisters of St. Francis de Sales, a teaching order, founded in 1866, with motherhouse at Troyes; Sisters of Notre Dame de Bon Secours, a nursing community with motherhouse at Troyes.[36]

Bishops of Troyes[edit]

To 1000[edit]

  • c. 340: Amator (Amateur) ('Lover')[37]
  • 346–347: Optatius
  • Léon Heraclius
  • Saint Mellonius (Melaine) (390-400)
  • Aurelius
  • Saint Ursus of Auxerre (Ours) (426)
  • Saint Lupus of Troyes[38] (Loup) (426-478)
  • Saint Camelianus (Camelien) (479-536 or 511–525)[39]
  • Saint Vincent (536-46, or 533–541)
  • 549: Ambrosius
  • 573–582: Gallomagnus[40]
  • 585–586: Agrecius
  • Loup II.
  • c, 631: Evodius
  • Modégisil
  • Ragnégisil
  • Heiliger
  • Saint Leuconius (Leucon, Leucoin) (651-56)
  • Saint Nicolas de Matthieu
  • Bertoald
  • 666–673: Abbon
  • 675–678: Waimer
  • Vulfred
  • Ragembert
  • Aldebert
  • Gaucher
  • Ardouin
  • c. 722: Censard
  • Saint Bobinus (Bobin) (750-66), previously Abbot of Monstier la Celle[41]
  • Amingus
  • c, 787: Adelgaire
  • Bertulf
  • c, 829–936: Elie
  • 837–845: Adalbert
  • Saint Prudentius (845-61), who wrote against Gottschalk and Eriugena
  • 861-869: Folcric
  • c. 880: Ottulf
  • c. 890: Bodon
  • c. 895: Riveus
  • c. 910: Otbert
  • 914–970: Ansegisel[42]
  • 971: Walon
  • Ayric
  • 980–982: Milon I.[43]
  • 991: Manassé (Menasses), or 985-993
  • Renaud I.

1000 to 1300[edit]

1300 to 1500[edit]

  • 1314–1317: Jean d'Auxois[49]
  • 1317–1324: Guillaume Méchin[50] (transferred to Dol)
  • 1324–1326: Jean de Cherchemont (transferred to Amiens[51])
  • 1326–1341: Jean d'Aubigny
  • 1342–1353: Jean V. (transferred to Auxerre[52])
  • 1354–1370: Henri de Poitiers
  • 1370–1375: Jean de Bracque
  • 1375–1377: Pierre de Villiers[53]
  • 1377–1395: Pierre d'Arcis[54]
  • 1395–1426: Etienne de Givry (appointed by Benedict XIII of the Avignon Obedience)
  • 1426–1450: Jean Léguisé[55]
  • 1450–1483: Louis I Raguier[56]
  • 1483–1518: Jacques Raguier

1500 to 1800[edit]

  • 1519–1527 : Guillaume II.
  • 1528–1544 : Odard Hennequin
  • 1545–1550 : Louis de Lorraine-Guise
  • 1551–1561 : Antonio Caracciolo, C.R.S.A.[57]
  • 1562–1593 : C. de Beauffremont
  • 1604–1641 : Renée de Breslay
  • 1641–1678 : F. Malier du Houssay
  • 1678–1697 : François Bouthillier de Chavigny[58] (Resigned, in favor of his nephew)
  • 1697–1716 : Denis-François Bouthillier de Chavigny (Appointed as Archbishop of Sens)
  • 1716–1742 : Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet II (Retired)[59]
  • 1742–1758 : Mathias Poncet de la Rivière (Resigned)[60]
  • 1758–1761 : Jean-Baptiste-Marie Champion de Cicé (Appointed as Bishop of Auxerre)
  • 1761–1790 : Claude-Mathias-Joseph de Barral[61] (Retired)
  • 1790–1801 : Louis-Mathias-Joseph de Barral (Resigned)
    • 1791–1797 : Augustin Sibille (Constitutional Bishop of Aube)[62]
    • 1798–1801 : Jean-Baptiste Blampoix (Constitutional Bishop of Aube)[63]

From 1800[edit]

  • Marc-Antoine de Noé[64] (11 Apr 1802 - 21 Sep 1802 Died)
  • Louis-Apolinaire de La Tour du Pin-Montauban (30 Sep 1802 - 28 Nov 1807 Died)
  • Etienne-Marie de Boulogne (8 Mar 1808 - 13 May 1825 Died)
  • Jacques-Louis-David de Seguin des Hons[65] (22 Jun 1825 - 31 Aug 1843 Died)
  • Jean-Marie-Mathias Debelay (19 Nov 1843 - 16 Oct 1848 Appointed, Archbishop of Avignon)
  • Pierre-Louis Coeur (16 Oct 1848 - 9 Oct 1860 Died)
  • Emmanuel-Jules Ravinet (11 Dec 1860 - 2 Aug 1875 Retired)
  • Pierre-Louis-Marie Cortet (3 Aug 1875 - 16 Feb 1898 Died)
  • Gustave-Adolphe de Pélacot (22 Mar 1898 - 15 Jun 1907 Appointed, Archbishop of Chambéry)
  • Laurent-Marie-Etienne Monnier (6 Oct 1907 - 7 Jul 1927 Died)
  • Maurice Feltin (19 Dec 1927 - 16 Aug 1932 Appointed, Archbishop of Sens)
  • Joseph-Jean Heintz † (7 Dec 1933 Appointed - 15 Feb 1938 Appointed, Bishop of Metz)
  • Joseph-Charles Lefèbvre † (27 Jul 1938 Appointed - 17 Jun 1943 Appointed, Archbishop of Bourges)
  • Julien Le Couëdic † (4 Nov 1943 Appointed - 21 Feb 1967 Retired)
  • André Pierre Louis Marie Fauchet † (21 Feb 1967 Appointed - 4 Apr 1992 Retired)
  • Gérard Antoine Daucourt (4 Apr 1992 Succeeded - 2 Jul 1998 Appointed, Bishop of Orléans)
  • Marc Camille Michel Stenger (30 Apr 1999 Appointed - )

Saints connected with the diocese[edit]

Among the many saints specially honoured or connected with the diocese are:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Louis Duchesne (1910). Fastes épiscopaux de l'ancienne Gaule: II. L'Aquitaine et les Lyonnaises. Paris: Fontemoing. pp. 452–453. 
  2. ^ Fisquet, p. 20.
  3. ^ Fisquet, p. 1 and pp. 21-22. Gallia christiana XII, p. 493.
  4. ^ Gallia christiana XII, pp. 483-484.
  5. ^ Gallia christiana XII, p. 525. Fisquet, pp. 128-129.
  6. ^ Fisquet, p. 3.
  7. ^ Saint-Étienne was founded by Count Henri I of Champagne, intending it to be his mausoleum. It was served by sixty Canons. When the original building was destroyed by fire in 1188, the Count began rebuilding on a more magnificent scale. The church was plundered in 1583. Gallia christiana XII, p. 529.
  8. ^ Saint-Urbain was exempt from all episcopal jurisdiction. Gallia christiana XII, p. 529.
  9. ^ Arbois de Julainville, H. D. (1853), Pouillé, p. 32.
  10. ^ Arbois de Julainville, H. D. (1853), Pouillé, p. 24.
  11. ^ Babeau, Albert (1891). St.-Urbain de Troyes. Troyes: Dufour-Bouquot. 
  12. ^ Babeau (1891), p. 4-5.
  13. ^ Babeau (1891), pp. 5, 66.
  14. ^ For shrouds other than the one of Lirey, see: Pierluigi Baima Bollone (2001). 101 questions sur le Saint Suaire (in French). Milan: Editions Saint-Augustin. ISBN 978-2-88011-238-7. 
  15. ^ Ulysse Chevalier (1903). Autour des origines du suaire de Lirey: avec documents inédits (in French). Paris: A. Picard. p. 9. 
  16. ^ Ulysse Chevalier (1900). Etude critique sur l'origine du Saint-Suaire de Lirey-Chambéry-Turin (in French). Paris: A. Picard. pp. 31–32. 
  17. ^ Nickell, Joe (2007). Relics of the Christ. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. pp. 122–138. ISBN 0-8131-7212-8. 
  18. ^ Ludovic Sciout (1872). "Chapitre IV: La Constitution Civile". Historie de la constitution civile du clergé (1790-1801) (in French). Tome premier. Paris: Firmin Didot frères. 
  19. ^ Babeau, I, pp. 405-410.
  20. ^ Babeau, I, pp. 412-414; 418-420.
  21. ^ Barbeau (1874), II, p. 89.
  22. ^ Barbeau (1874), II, pp. 524-534, including among the 261 persons the names of many non-juring clergy.
  23. ^ Fisquet, pp. 80-81.
  24. ^ Babeau (1873), I, pp. 414-421.
  25. ^ Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802). (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. pp. 65–66, and 456. 
  26. ^ Babeau (1874), II, pp. 519-520.
  27. ^ Pisani, p. 66.
  28. ^ Babeau (1873), I, p. 428-429.
  29. ^ John O'Hanlon (1859). The Life of Saint Malachy O'Morgair, Bishop of Down and Connor, Archbishop of Armagh, Patron of These Several Dioceses, and Delegate Apostolic of the Holy See for the Kingdom of Ireland. Dublin: J. O'Daly. pp. 210–212. 
  30. ^ Gustave Chevallier (1888). Histoire de Saint Bernard, abbé de Clairvaux (in French). Tome II. Lille: Impr. Saint-Augustin. pp. 378–380. 
  31. ^ Fisquet, p. 138.
  32. ^ Charles Lalore (1874). Documents sur l'abbaye de Notre-Dame-aux-Nonnains de Troyes (in French). Troyes: Dufour-Bouquot. 
  33. ^ In 1380 there were twenty-nine nuns; in 1495 there were fourteen. Arbois de Julainville (1853), Pouillé, p. 36.
  34. ^ Jacques Bénigne Bossuet; Marie Madeleine de Mesgrigny (1732). Lettre de Mgr. l'Évêque de Troyes à Monseigneur l'Évêque d'Auxerre au sujet de la guérison miraculeuse de Madame de Mégrigny, religieuse bénédictine de l'abbaye de N. Dame de Troyes: Déclaration de Madame de Mégrigny, religieuse bénédictine de l'abbaye de Notre-Dame de Troyes, au sujet de sa guérison miraculeuse ... le 23. mars 1732 (in French). 
  35. ^ Charles Lalore (1878). Collection des principaux cartulaires du diocèse de Troyes: Paraclet, France (Abbey) Cartulaire de l'abbaye du Paraclet. 1878 (in French). Paris: E. Thorin. pp. vi–ix, xx–xxx, xxxv–xxxviii. 
  36. ^ Paul-Sébastien Millet fondateur du Bon-Secours de Troyes (in French). Troyes: J. Brunard. 1881. 
  37. ^ Amator is known only by way of a reference in a fragment of an anonymous life of Saint Fedolus, which appears to be quoting from a list of bishops. Gallia christiana XII, pp. 483-484. Crété-Protin, p. 121.
  38. ^ Duchesne, pp. 453-454. He ruled for fifty-two years. Crété-Protin, Part III, "La Christianisation de l'Antiquité tardive. Oeuvre de l'évêque Saint Loup", pp. 126-173, especially pp. 155-156.
  39. ^ Camelianus was present at the First Council of Orléans in 511. It is said that in 491 he introduced Clovis to Clotilde, his future wife. In the Martyrdom of Usuard, he is listed as dying on 22 March 525. Fisquet, p. 9. Joannes Baptista Sollerio (1729). Acta sanctorum: Acta sanctorum julii (in Latin). Tomus VI. Antwerp: Jacques du Moulin. pp. 566–568. 
  40. ^ Gallomagnus participated in the Council of Paris of 573: L. Sirmond, Conciliorum Galliae Collectio I (Paris: Didot 1789), p. 1197; and in the First Council of Mâcon: Sirmond, p. 1244..
  41. ^ Gallia christiana XII, pp. 538-540, and 542.
  42. ^ Ansegisel (or Ansegisus) had been Chancellor of King Rudolf of France (923-936) and of Louis IV d'Outremer (936-954). Between 953 and 958, he was an exile from his bishopric, due to a quarrel with Robert, Count of Troyes. Ansegisel was a warrior bishop, organizing the resistance to the raids of the Northmen. Fisquet, p. 22.
  43. ^ In 980 Bishop Milo subscribed a charter of Archbishop Sevin of Sens. In 982, he removed the remains of the Virgin Saint Mathie from beneath an altar which had been destroyed and reburied them. On 5 October 982 he participated in the consecration of the new Cathedral of Sens. Fisquet, p. 23.
  44. ^ Bishop Frotmundus attended the Council of Chelles (Kalense) in May 1008. J.D. Mansi (ed.) Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio editio novissima Tomus XIX (Venice 1774), p. 296. Fisquet, p. 24.
  45. ^ Bishop Mainard was brother of Daimbert, Vicomte de Sens. He was Canon and Treasurer of Sens. In November 1049 Mainard was transferred to Sens, after the deposition of Gelduin by Pope Leo IX at the Council of Reims, on a charge of simony. Fisquet p. 24.
  46. ^ Bishop Fromond was consecrated by Pope Leo IX at Langres in December 1049. He then accompanied the Pope to the Council of Vercelli (September 1250), before entering his own diocese. Fisquet, p. 25.
  47. ^ Heinrich was the third son of Engelbert II, Margrave of Carniola and Istria, Duke of Carinthia and Margrave of Verona. His sister was married to Thibault II, Count of Champagne. Fisquet, pp. 30-31.
  48. ^ Bishop Garnier had taken part in the Fourth Crusade, and, after the taking of Constantinople, he had been named "procurator sanctorum reliquorum" (Custodian of the relics of the saints). Though he died in 1205, his acquisitions were sent back to Troyes. Patrick J. Geary (1994). Living with the Dead in the Middle Ages. Cornell University Press. pp. 222–224. ISBN 0-8014-8098-1. 
  49. ^ Jean d'Auxois died on 13 January 1317: Eubel, I, p. 493.
  50. ^ Eubel, I, p. 493.
  51. ^ Eubel, I, p. 85.
  52. ^ Eubel, I, p. 120.
  53. ^ Fisquet, p. 46. Gallia christiana XII, p. 513.
  54. ^ Pierre d'Arcis was the brother of Bishop Nicolas d'Arcis of Auxerre (1372-1376). He dedicated the Collegiate Church of Saint-Urbain in 1389. He died on 18 April 1395. Fisquet, p. 46-47. Gallia christiana XII, p. 513.
  55. ^ Jean Léguisé was born in Troyes and educated at Paris. He was a bachelor of Civil Law and a Licensiate in Canon Law, and a Canon of the Cathedral of Troyes. He became Grand Archdeacon of Troyes. He took part in the Coronation of King Charles VII at Reims on 17 December 1429. As BIshop, he was one of the delegates chosen to represent the University of Paris at the Council of Basel in 1431. Fisquet, pp. 48-49.
  56. ^ Bernard Guenée (1991). Between Church and State: The Lives of Four French Prelates in the Late Middle Ages. University of Chicago Press. pp. 350–352. ISBN 978-0-226-31032-9. 
  57. ^ Antonio Caracciolo was son of the Prince of Amalfi in the Kingdom of Naples, whose brother-in-law was Pope Paul IV. He took part in the Colloquy of Poissy, and was one of the six bishops who engaged in discussion with the Protestants. He apostasized and became a Calvinist. In 1563 he was one of six bishops indicted by the Roman Inquisition for heresy. Fisquet, pp. 59-61. Courtalon-Delaistre (1783), I, pp. 405-422.
  58. ^ Bouthillier de Chavigny was fifth son of Leon de Bouthillier, the Minister of State of Louis XIV. He obtained a Doctorate in utroque iure from the Sorbonne and the post of Aumonier to the King. He was a Councilor of State during the minority of King Louis XV.
  59. ^ Bossuet was the nephew of Jacques Bénigne Bossuet I, the Bishop of Condom. He was nominated by the King on 2 March 1716, and approved by Pope Clement XI on 27 June 1716. He had previously been Archdeacon and Vicar-General of the diocese of Meaux. He died on 12 July 1743. Ritzler, V, p. 387, with note 4.
  60. ^ Mathias Poncet was the nephew of Michel Poncet de La Rivière, the Bishop of Angers
  61. ^ C.M.J de Barral was the brother of Jean-Sebastien de Barral, Bishop of Castres. He had been Aumonier to the King, Abbot Commendatory of Saint-Géraud (1752), and Vicar-General of the Bishop of Embrun. He resigned on 23 January 1790. He died on 1 February 1803 at Meaux. Jean, p. 377.
  62. ^ Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802). (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. pp. 65–66. 
  63. ^ Pisani, pp. 66–70
  64. ^ Noé had been Bishop of Lescar at the time of the Revolution. He had been one of the bishops who refused to denounce the Bull Unigenitus in the Assembly of the Clergy of 1765. With many other bishops he emigrated to England. In 1801 he resigned, on the command of Pope Pius VII, to pave the way for the Concordat with First Consul Bonaparte. He was then appointed Bishop of Troyes by a decree of the Consulate. He took possession of the See on 30 May 1802 by procurator. He died at Troyes on 22 September 1802. Fisquet, pp. 92-93. Noé, Marc-Antoine; Auguis, P. R. (1818). Oeuvres de Marc-Antoine de Noé, ancien évêque de Lescar, mort évêque de Troyes: contenant ses discours mandements et traductions (in French). Paris: F. Guitel. pp. ix–lxxxviii. 
  65. ^ Roserot de Melin, pp. 287-292.
  66. ^ Johann Evang. Stabler (1861). Vollstandiges Heiligen-Lexikon (in German). II. Band (E - H). Augsburg: Schmid. pp. 797–798.  Agnes Baillie Cunninghame Dunbar (1904). A Dictionary of Saintly Women. Volume I. London: Bell. pp. 394–395. 

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Acknowledgment[edit]

  • Goyau, Georges. "Troyes." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Retrieved: 2016-09-22. [obsolete]
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Troyes". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.