Roman Catholic Diocese of Verona
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Diocese of Verona
|Area||3,050 km2 (1,180 sq mi)|
|(as of 2010)|
|Cathedral||Cattedrale di S. Maria Assunta|
|Bishops emeritus||Flavio Roberto Carraro, O.F.M. Cap.|
Andrea Veggio (Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus)
The Carmen Pipinianum (Pippin's Song) (9th century), which includes a description of Verona and its churches, gives a list of the first eight bishops: St. Euprepius, Dimidrianus (Demetrianus), Simplicius, Proculus, Saturninus, Lucilius (Lucillus, Lucius), Gricinus, and Saint Zeno.
Less important is the famous so-called Velo di Classe, now believed to be the altar cover from San Firmo e Rustico in Verona, pianeta (chasuble) of Classe in Ravenna, on which are represented not only the bishops of Verona, but also other saints and bishops of other dioceses venerated at Verona in the ninth century.
St. Zeno having been the eighth bishop, the period of St. Euprepius, and therefore of the erection of the see, must be placed not before the temporary peace given to the Church under Emperor Gallienus (260), but rather under the first period of the reign of Diocletian, when the Church enjoyed peace. In the same "Carmen" mention is made of St. Firmus and St. Rusticus, martyred at Verona, probably under Maximian.
Zeno is called a martyr in the "Carmen" and is placed in the time of Gallienus. At any rate the existence of a distinguished St. Zeno, Bishop of Verona, a contemporary of St. Ambrose of Milan, and author of a series of religious discourses, is historically attested, so as the ancient documents know but one bishop of that name, it must be concluded that, as early as the ninth century, the legend had corrupted chronology.
For the rest, we know from the sermons of St. Zeno how deeply paganism was still rooted in Verona in his time, particularly in the country districts.
His successor was Syagrius. Other bishops were: St. Petronius (c. 410); Gaudentius (465); St. Valens (522–531); Solatius and Junior, who joined the schism of the Three Chapters; Hanno (about 758); Ratoldus, who imposed community life on the canons (806) and reorganised the education of the clergy. Among the masters of his school the deacon Pacificus was eminent for his knowledge of Greek and Hebrew, although the Italian historian Cristina La Rocca disputes this acclaim as twelfth century fabrication. Nottingus (840) was the first to denounce the heretic Godescalcus. Adelardus (876) was excommunicated for invading the monastery of Nonnantula. Ratherius (930), a Benedictine and a distinguished author, was thrice driven from his see by usurpers, among whom was the notorious Manasses of Arles. He also fostered learning in the cathedral school. Joannes (1027) was distinguished for sanctity and learning. Bruno (1073), who wrote some interpretations of Scripture, was killed by one of his chaplains.
In the time of Bishop Ognibene (1157), a distinguished canonist, Pope Lucius III died at Verona, in 1185, after meeting Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa and holding a synod there in 1184, and issuing the Papal Bull Ad Abolendam on November 4 of that year. There, too, was held the conclave which elected Pope Urban III, who spent nearly all of his brief pontificate at Verona. Bishops Jacopo da Breganze (1225) and Gerardo Cossadocca (1254) were exiled by the tyrant Ezzelino. Manfredo Roberti (1259) suffered insult and imprisonment at the hands of the Ghibellines (the emperor's supporters against the papacy). Bonincontro (1295) died in the odour of sanctity. Bartolommeo della Scala (1336), a Benedictine, was calumniated to his nephew Mastino, Lord of Verona, who slew him with his own hand, and among the penalties for this crime inflicted by Pope Benedict XII was the revocation of the privilege of nominating bishops.
Pietro della Scala reformed the lives of the clergy and vainly endeavoured to bring the canons under his own jurisdiction instead of that of the Patriarch of Aquileia. When the Visconti dynasty obtained possession of Verona, Pietro was banished. Francesco Condulmer (1439) founded the college of acolytes to add to the beauty of public worship and to form a learned and pious clergy; the school still exists. This institution was necessary because, with the establishment of the University of Verona, the cathedral school had been suppressed, and the young clerics who attended the university were at that time dispensed from officiating in church functions: the acolytes of the new college were obliged both to study and to attend ecclesiastical functions. Ermolao Barbaro also did much for the reform of the diocese.
Cardinal Giovanni Michiel (1471) was a munificent restorer of the cathedral and the episcopal palace, as also was Cardinal Marco Corner (1592). For Gian Matteo Giberti (1524), Pietro Lippomano and Luigi Lippomano (1544, 1548) see articles under their respective names. Agostino Valier (1565) was a cardinal. Sebastiano Pisani (1650) was a zealous pastor. Giovanni Bragadin (1733) was a mirror of all the virtues; in his episcopate the Patriarchate of Aquileia was suppressed, and Pope Benedict XIV brought the chapter under the bishop's jurisdiction and laid down wise rules for the government of the diocese. Giovanni Andrea Avogadro (1790) abdicated the see to return to the Society of Jesus.
Councils of Verona worthy of note are those of 1184, at which pope Lucius III presided, and 1276, against the Bogomilian Patarenes, who were somewhat numerous in the Veronese territory, even among the clergy.
At Verona is the mother-house of the Sons of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (founded 1 June 1867 by Saint Daniele Comboni, renamed 22 June 1979 as Comboni Missionaries of the Heart of Jesus) and their college for the Central African missions. The Congregation of the Stimmatini was also founded at Verona on 4 November 1816 as Congregation of the Sacred Stigmata.
The diocese was a suffragan first of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Aquileia, then of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Udine; since 1818 it has been suffragan of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Venice.
Diocese of Verona
Erected: 3rd century
Latin Name: Veronensis
Metropolitan: Patriarchate of Venice
- St. Euprepius of Verona 236–250
- Ratherius, 931-934 and 962-968
- Manasses of Arles 935–946
- Otberto 992–1008 ?
- Ildebrando 1013–1014
- Giovanni 1016–1037
- Walter 1037–1055
- Tebaldo 1058–1061
- Adalberto 1063–1070 ?
- Usuardo 1070–1072 ?
- Bruno 1072–1076 ?
- Sigebodo 1080–1094
- Valbruno 1094–1095
- Valfredo 1095–1101
- Ezelone 1101
- Bertoldo 1102–1108
- Zufeto 1109–1111
- Uberto 1111
- Sigifredo 1113–?
- Bernardo 1119–1135
- Tebaldo 1135–1157
- Ognibene 1157–1185
- Riprando 1185–1188
- Adelardo 1188–1214
- Norandino 1214–1224
- Alberto 1224–1225
- Iacopo di Breganze 1225–1254
- Gerardo Cossadoca 1255–1259
- Manfredo Roberti 1260–1268
- Aleardino (not possessed) 1268
- Guido della Scala 1268–1270
- Temidio 1275–1277
- Bartolomeo 1277–1290
- Pietro della Scala 1291–1295
- Buonincontro 1295–1298
- Teobaldo 1298–1331
- Nicolò 1331–1336
- Bartolomeo Della Scala 1336–1338
- Matteo Riboldi 1343–1348
- Pietro de Pino 1348–1349
- Giovanni di Naso 1349–1350
- Pietro Della Scala 1350–1387
- Adelardo 1387–1388
- Giacomo Rossi 1388–1406
- Angelo Barbarigo (21 Sep 1406 – 1409 Resigned)
- Guido Memo (29 Nov 1409 – 1438 Died)
- Francesco Condulmer (20 Oct 1438 – 30 Oct 1453 Died)
- Ermolao Barbaro (bishop) (seniore) (16 Nov 1453 – 12 Mar 1471 Died)
- Giovanni Michiel (18 Mar 1471 – 10 Apr 1503 Died)
- Marco Cornaro (cardinal), Apostolic Administrator (29 Nov 1503 – 24 Jul 1524 Died)
- Giovanni Matteo Giberti (8 Aug 1524 – 30 Dec 1543 Died)
- Pietro Lippomano (18 Feb 1544 – 9 Aug 1548 Died)
- Luigi Lippomano (9 Aug 1548 – 20 Jul 1558 Appointed Bishop of Bergamo)
- Agostino Lippomano (20 Jul 1558 – 16 Jul 1560 Died)
- Girolamo Trevisani, O.P. (15 Jan 1561 – 2 Sep 1562 Died)
- Bernardo Navagero, Apostolic Administrator (15 Sep 1562 – 13 Apr 1565 Died)
- Agostino Valier (Valeri, Valieri) (15 May 1565 – 23 May 1606 Died)
- Alberto Valier (1606 – 1 Sep 1630 Died)
- Marco Giustiniani (7 Apr 1631 – 23 Apr 1649 Died)
- Sebastiano Pisani (seniore) (6 Oct 1653 – 9 Dec 1668 Resigned)
- Sebastiano Pisani (iuniore) (10 Dec 1668 – 5 Aug 1690 Died)
- Pietro Leoni (bishop) (26 Nov 1691 – 17 Dec 1697 Died)
- Giovanni Francesco Barbarigo (21 Jul 1698 – 9 Jul 1714 Appointed Bishop of Brescia)
- Marco Gradenigo (19 Nov 1714 – 11 Jun 1725 Appointed Patriarch of Venice)
- Francesco Trevisani (23 Jul 1725 – 13 Dec 1732 Died)
- Giovanni Bragadino (Bragadin) (2 Mar 1733 – 27 Nov 1758 Appointed Patriarch of Venice)
- Nicolò Antonio Giustiniani, O.S.B. (12 Feb 1759 – 14 Dec 1772 Appointed Bishop of Padua)
- Giovanni Morosini, O.S.B. (14 Dec 1772 – 18 Aug 1789 Died)
- Giovanni Andrea Avogadro, S.J. (29 Mar 1790 – 14 Nov 1805 Resigned)
- Innocenzo Maria Lirutti, O.S.B. (18 Sep 1807 – 11 Aug 1827 Died)
- Giuseppe Grasser (15 Dec 1828 – 22 Nov 1839 Died)
- Giovanni Pietro Aurelio Mutti, O.S.B. (14 Dec 1840 – 15 Mar 1852 Appointed Patriarch of Venice)
- Giuseppe Luigi Trevisanato (15 Mar 1852 – 27 Sep 1852 Confirmed Archbishop of Udine)
- Luigi Guglielmi (27 Sep 1852 – 29 Jan 1853 Died)
- Benedetto Riccabona de Reinchenfels (7 Apr 1854 – 22 Mar 1861 Confirmed Bishop of Trento)
- Luigi di Canossa (30 Sep 1861 – 12 Mar 1900 Died)
- Bartolomeo Bacilieri (12 Mar 1900 – 14 Feb 1923 Died)
- Girolamo Cardinale (25 May 1923 – 26 Dec 1954 Died)
- Andrea Pangrazio as Apostolic Administrator 1954 – 1955
- Giovanni Urbani (14 Apr 1955 – 11 Nov 1958 Appointed Patriarch of Venice)
- Giuseppe Carraro (15 Dec 1958 – 18 May 1978 Retired)
- Giuseppe Amari (15 Mar 1978 – 30 Jun 1992 Retired)
- Attilio Nicora (30 Jun 1992 – 18 Sep 1997 Resigned)
- Flavio Roberto Carraro, O.F.M. Cap. (25 Jul 1998 – 8 May 2007 Retired)
- Giuseppe Zenti (8 May 2007 – )
- "Diocese of Verona" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- "Diocese of Verona" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- Knights of Columbus. Catholic Truth Committee, The Catholic encyclopedia: an international work of reference on the constitution, doctrine, discipline, and history of the Catholic Church, Volume 15 (Google eBook). Encyclopedia Press, 1913 p. 361.
- "Bishop Guido Memo" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved May 8, 2016
- "Bishop Marco Giustiniani" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016