Roman Catholic Diocese of Vigevano

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Diocese of Vigevano
Dioecesis Viglevanensis
Vigevano Duomo dalla torre.jpg
Vigevano Cathedral
Location
Country Italy
Ecclesiastical province Milan
Statistics
Area 1,509 km2 (583 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2014)
193,000 (est.)
183,400 (est.) (95.0%)
Parishes 87
Information
Denomination Catholic Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 14 March 1530 (487 years ago)
Cathedral Cattedrale di S. Ambrogio
Secular priests 98 (diocesan)
11 (Religious Orders)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Maurizio Gervasoni
Emeritus Bishops Claudio Baggini
Vincenzo Di Mauro
Map
Roman Catholic Diocese of Vigevano in Italy.svg
Website
www.diocesivigevano.it

The Italian Catholic Diocese of Vigevano (Latin: Dioecesis Viglevanensis) lies almost entirely in the Province of Pavia, Lombardy. It has existed since 1530. The diocese is suffragan of the Archdiocese of Milan, having in the past been suffragan of the Archdiocese of Vercelli.[1][2]

History[edit]

The earliest notices of Vigevano date from the tenth century, when it was favoured as a residence by King Arduin for hunting. In the next period it was a Ghibelline commune, and was accordingly besieged and taken by the Milanese in 1201 and again in 1275. In 1328 it surrendered to Azzone Visconti, and thereafter shared the political fortunes of Milan. In the last years of the Visconti domination it sustained a siege by Francesco Sforza.

Until 1530 the town belonged to the Diocese of Novara and had a collegiate chapter. Francesco Sforza procured the erection of the see and provided its revenues. The Duke of Milan's interest in Novara was not purely philanthropic.

With the Treaty of Worms (1743) the diocese became part of the King of Sardinia.

The first bishop was Galeazzo Pietra, succeeded by his nephew Maurizio Pietra (1552); both of these promoted the Tridentine reforms, and the work was continued by their successors. Marsilio Landriani (1594) distinguished himself in various nunciatures and founded a Barnabite college for the education of young men. Giorgio Odescalchi (1610) was a very zealous pastor; the process of his beatification has been commenced. Giovanni Caramuel Lobkowitz (1675) was an example of pastoral activity and the author of many works, philosophical, theological, ascetical etc., though his Theologia fundamentalis was censured.[3] Pier Marino Sonnani (1688), a Minorite, who enlarged the seminary, maintained a struggle against the spread of the doctrines of Miguel Molinos. Nicola Saverio Gamboni was appointed to the see by Napoleon in 1801.

In 1817, after the agreements at the Congress of Vienna, which returned the Kingdom of Sardinia to the House of Savoy after French occupation, the diocese of Vigevano was augmented.[4]

The church which became the Cathedral of Vigevano was initially built in 1100, and then rebuilt in the sixteenth century through a commission by Duke Francesco II Sforza. The facade of the second and current structure was re-designed by Cardinal Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz in 1673 (completed c. 1680). The Church of S. Pietro Martiere was built, with the adjacent Dominican convent, by Filippo Maria Visconti in 1445; the convent is now[when?] used for government offices and courts. Among the civil edifices is the castle, once a fortress, built by Bramante in 1492, by order of Ludovico il Moro, which became a royal palace.

Bishops[edit]

Erected : 14 March 1530
Latin Name: Viglevanensis Metropolitan: Archdiocese of Milan

Parishes[edit]

Of the 87 parishes 86 are located, like Vigevano, within the Province of Pavia in Lombardy. The exception is S. Silvano Martire which is within the commune of Sozzago in the Piedmontese province of Novara.[24] In 2014 there was one priest for every 1,682 Catholics.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diocese of Vigevano" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  2. ^ "Diocese of Vigevano" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved March 9, 2016
  3. ^ Cf. Jesús Martínez de Bujanda; Marcella Richter (2002). Index des livres interdits: Index librorum prohibitorum 1600-1966 (in French). Montreal: Médiaspaul. p. 189. ISBN 978-2-89420-522-8. 
  4. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 183-188.
  5. ^ Biffignandi, pp. 178-193.
  6. ^ Eubel, III, p. 334.
  7. ^ Biffignandi, pp. 193-203.
  8. ^ Maurizio Pietra was present at the Council of Trent in 1562 and 1563. Eubel, III, p. 334, with note 4.
  9. ^ Landriani was consecrated in Rome on 14 November 1593 by Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 369, with note 2.
  10. ^ Giovanni Maria Ferraria (1682). Vita del venerabile seruo di dio m.or Pietro Giorgio Odescalchi vescouo prima d'Alessandria, e poi di Vigeuano (in Italian). Vigevano: nella stampa vescouale per Camillo Corrada. 
  11. ^ "Archbishop Francisco Romero, O. Carm." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 9, 2019.
  12. ^ "Bishop Juan Gutiérrez" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 9, 2019
  13. ^ Born in Milan, Rasino was a Doctor of Civil and Canon Law (Bologna 1652). He was Archdeacon of Milan when named Bishop of Vigevano. He was consecrated in Rome by Cardinal Federigo Borromeo on 5 July 1671. He died on 18 November 1672. Ritzler, V, p. 415, with note 3. Cappelletti, pp. 630-631.
  14. ^ Biffignandi, pp. 220-222. Jacopo Antonio Tadisi (1760). Memorie della vita di monsignore Giovanni Caramuel di Lobkowitz vescovo di Vigevano, descritte da Jacopo-Antonio Tadisi .. (in Italian). Venezia: Giovanni Tevernin.  Cappelletti, pp. 631-636.
  15. ^ "Bishop Ferdinando de Rojas (Roxas)" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 21, 2016
  16. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 144-149. Cappelletti, p. 641.
  17. ^ Bossi was born in Milan and obtained a Doctorate in Civil and Canon Law from the University of Pavia (1690). He became a Canon in the Cathedral of Milan. On 31 January 1731 he was presented to the diocese of Vigevano by the Emperor in his capacity as Duke of Milan; and was approved by the Pope on 18 June. He was consecrated in Rome on 24 June by Cardinal Antonio Zondadari. Ritzler, VI, p. 442, with note 2. Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 149-155. Cappelletti, pp. 641-642.
  18. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 155-157. Cappelletti, pp. 642-643.
  19. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 157-169. Cappelletti, pp. 643-644.
  20. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 176-182. Bishop Milesi attended the Council in Paris in 1811. Alfonso de Beauchamp (1825). Storia delle sciagure del s.p. Pio VII (in Italian). Torino: G. Pomba. p. 298.  In 1815 he was named Patriarch of Venice by the Emperor Franz.
  21. ^ Gams, p. 793.
  22. ^ Lorenzo Mazzini, pp. 188-216. One of his principal problems was the rise of the Carbonari and similar groups, the Adelfia and the Filadelfia.
  23. ^ Di Mauro resigned for 'grave health reasons', according to a report in "Il giorno" (Pavia) on 21 July 2012: retrieved 2016-10-06.
  24. ^ Source:chiesacattolica.it (retrieved:2008-03-13)

Books[edit]

Reference works[edit]

Studies[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Benigni, Umberto. "Vigevano." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 15. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. Retrieved: 2016-10-06.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Vigevano". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

Coordinates: 45°19′00″N 8°52′00″E / 45.3167°N 8.8667°E / 45.3167; 8.8667