Catholic Church in Austria

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The Catholic Church of Austria, also known as the Roman-Catholic Church of Austria, is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in full communion with the Pope in Rome. The Church's governing body in Austria is the Austrian Conference of Catholic Bishops, made up of the hierarchy of the two archbishops (Vienna and Salzburg), the bishops and the abbot of territorial abbey of Wettingen-Mehrerau. Nevertheless, each bishop is independent in his own diocese, answerable only to the Pope. The current president of the Conference of Catholic Bishops is Cardinal Christoph Schönborn. The Austrian church is the largest Christian Confession of Austria, with 5.16 million members (58.8 % of the total Austrian population.[1]).

For more than 50 years, however, the proportion of Catholics is decreasing, primarily due to secularization and migration (from 89 % in 1961 to 58.8 % in 2016). The number of Sunday churchgoers was around 7.0 percent (as percentage of the total Austrian population that is 605.828 churchgoers out of a total population of 8.700.471 in 2015).

Although Austria has no primate, the archbishop of Salzburg is titled Primus Germaniae (Primate of Germany).

Organisation[edit]

Main Churches in Austria [2][1][3]
year population Catholics  % Protestants  %
1951 6,933,905 6,170,084 89.0 % 429,493 6.2%
1961 7,073,807 6,295,075 89.0 % 438,663 6.2%
1971 7,491,526 6,548,316 87.4 % 447,070 6,0%
1981 7,555,338 6,372,645 84.3 % 423,162 5,6%
1991 7,795,786 6,081,454 78.0 % 388,709 5.0%
2001 8,032,926 5,915,421 73.6 % 376,150 4.7%
2011 8,408,121 5,403,722 64.3 % 319,752 3.8%
2016 8,773,686 5,162,622 58.8% 301,729 3.4%

Ecclesiastical structure[edit]

Austrian dioceses since 1968

List of Catholic organisations in Austria[edit]

Criticism[edit]

Call to Disobedience organization[edit]

The organization Call to Disobedience (Aufruf zum Ungehorsam in German) is an Austrian movement mainly composed of dissident Catholic priests which started in 2006. The movement claims the support of the majority of Austrian Catholic priests and favors ordination of women, married and non-celibate priesthood, allowing Holy Communion to remarried divorcees and non-Catholics which disagrees with teachings of the Catholic Magisterium. The group also believes the way the Church is governed needs reform.[4]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]