Catholic Church in Bangladesh
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Worldwide distribution of Catholics
The Catholic Church in Bangladesh is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the pope in Rome. As of 2006[update], there are approximately 350,000, approximately 0.2 percent of the population of Bangladesh. About 60% of Catholics come from "tribals", members of minority tribes. Bangladesh is otherwise a predominantly Muslim country.
The Catholic Bishops' Conference of Bangladesh, founded in 1971, is the General Body of the Ordinaries of Bangladesh. The purpose of this Conference is to facilitate common policy and action in matters that affect or are liable to affect the interest of the Catholic Church in Bangladesh and to be of service to the country at large. Pope John Paul II visited Dhaka in November 1986.
The U.S. State Department and human rights groups have cited Bangladesh as a nation of concern with regards to violence against religious minorities, including Hindus and Christians. A notable incident of violence against Christians was a 2001 bomb attack on a Catholic church during Sunday Mass, killing nine and maiming dozens. Since the rise of al-Qaida and ISIS, violence, threats and various forms of oppression against non-Muslims have increased in Bangladesh, and a 2014 State Department report noted insufficient government efforts to protect religious minorities. In January 2014, homes were set ablaze and eight Catholics were injured, allegedly for exercising their right to vote in the nation’s parliamentary elections. In July 2014, a mob of 60 stormed a Catholic convent, where they proceeded to beat up nuns and a priest. In April 2015, a mob attacked churchgoers and stabbed a priest during Easter Mass. In December 2015, three adult siblings in a Catholic family were attacked while inside their home. Two of them were injured critically. In early February 2016, a group of 20 raided a church and a convent at night. Nuns were beaten and property was looted. In July 2016, nearly two dozen people were killed by gunman during an attack on a popular restaurant in Dhaka where Christians and other non-Muslims, mostly foreigners, were known to frequent.
In 1598, the first priest arrived in Bangladesh accompanying the Portuguese.
There are a total of 14 bishops in Bangladesh; 20 more have died. As head of the Archdiocese of Dhaka, Cardinal Patrick D'Rozario, CSC is the highest-ranked bishop in the country.
The Apostolic Nuncio, or papal ambassador, normally a Titular Archbishop, heads the Apostolic Nunciature (the Vatican's embassy), to Bangladesh. Since his appointment by Pope Francis on 6 July 2013, Archbishop George Kocherry has been the Apostolic Nuncio to Bangladesh.
Metropolitan Province of Dhaka
Dioceses in Bangladesh:
- Archdiocese of Dhaka
- Archdiocese of Chittagong
- Carvalho, Nirmala (9 October 2016). "Bangladesh cardinal calls appointment both blessing and challenge". Crux. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- Lubov, Deborah Castellano (22 November 2016). "Interview: New Bangladesh Cardinal ‘Dumbfounded’ by Pope’s Gesture". National Catholic Register. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- Harris, Elise (19 November 2016). "For Bangladesh's new cardinal, papal visit will boost faith". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
- "Bangladesh church bomb kills nine". BBC News. 3 June 2001. Retrieved 14 April 2011.