Roman Catholicism in Guam
The Roman Catholic Church in the United States unincorporated territory of Guam is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome and locally administered by the Archdiocese of Agaña.
Catholicism on the island was a product of centuries of Spanish colonial control as the island was part of the Spanish East Indies until 1898, when the United States acquired it after the Spanish–American War.
On October 14, 1965, the vicariate apostolic was raised to a diocese. The first supreme pontiff to visit the island was Pope John Paul II in 1981. Guam has been sending delegations of young people to World Youth Day since 1993.
Our Lady of Camarin
The patroness of Guam and the Marianas Islands is Our Lady of Camarin (Chamorro: Sånta Marian Kåmalen), a miraculous image of the Blessed Virgin Mary found by a fisherman in the waters off the island's southwest coast between the 17th and 18th centuries. The image's feast day is on 8 December—the Feast of the Immaulate Conception and a declared public holiday on the island—and is celebrated with a Mass and procession around Hagåtña.
- "The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Agana History". Archdiocese of Agana. January 1, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-05.[dead link]
- John Paul II, Pope. "APOSTOLIC JOURNEY OF HIS HOLINESS JOHN PAUL II TO JAMAICA, MEXICO AND DENVER (COLORADO) ON THE OCCASION OF THE EIGHTH WORLD YOUTH DAY (AUGUST 8-16, 1993)". Speech. Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Retrieved May 26, 2012.
- "Kamalen Statue Placed In Washington, D.C.". Pacific Magazine. September 20, 2006. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
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