Roman Catholicism in Puerto Rico
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The CIA World Factbook reports that 85% of the population of Puerto Rico is Roman Catholic, with the remaining 15% divided among Protestantism, Islam, and Judaism. Some people put the Catholic percentage at 70% or more. Approximately 3,400,000 Puerto Ricans practice Catholicism. Administratively, the Catholic Church in Puerto Rico is divided into five dioceses and one archdiocese.
"Its deepest roots are Latino", Archbishop Roberto Gonzalez Nieves of San Juan said in 2007, "U.S. rule began in 1898, at the end of the Spanish–American War, but indigenous, African and Spanish cultures "shaped its identity for 400 years" and that influence "cannot be undone overnight." The shift from Spanish to U.S. rule brought a wave of anti-Catholic sentiment that led to the prohibition of the processions that are a mainstay of Latin American religious practice, as well as government policies that prohibited schools from teaching in Spanish. Since the approval of a Puerto Rican Constitution in 1952, however, popular religious traditions such as processions and festivals honoring communities' patron saints have taken root again.
List of dioceses
- Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Juan de Puerto Rico
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Arecibo
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Caguas
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Mayagüez
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Ponce
- Roman Catholic Diocese of Fajardo-Humacao – erected March 2008
The bishops in Puerto Rico form the Puerto Rican Episcopal Conference (Spanish: Conferencia Episcopal Puertorriqueña).  The episcopal conference allows the bishops to set certain norms for all of Puerto Rico, including the form of the liturgy.
- Catholic Church in Puerto Rico is looking to rekindle faith, regain identity, archbishop says
- Conferencia Episcopal Puertorriqueña (C.E.P.). GCatholic.org website. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- Cheney, David M. "Catholic Church in Puerto Rico". Retrieved 2009-07-27.
- Conferencia Episcopal Puertorriqueña (C.E.P.). GCatholic.org website
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