Roman Catholicism in Uruguay
There are 2.3 million Catholics in the country, 53% of the total population.
There are 9 dioceses and the archdiocese of Montevideo; the ordinaries gather in the Episcopal Conference of Uruguay. The current archbishop is Daniel Sturla, who was appointed on 11 February 2014.
Evangelization of Uruguay followed Spanish settlement in 1624. Montevideo became a diocese in 1878, after being erected as a Vicarate in 1830. Missionaries followed the reduction pattern of gathering Indians into communities, training them in agriculture, husbandry, and other arts, while forming them in the Faith.
The constitution of 1830 made Catholicism the religion of the state and subsidized missions to Indians. In 1878, Montevideo was elevated to Diocese and, in 1897, to Archdiocese.
The constitution of 1917 enacted separation of Church and state.
Institutes of Consecrated Life
Several religious orders are present in Uruguay. Some of them arrived in colonial times (although their presence was intermittent during the first centuries):
- Franciscans (O.F.M.Cap.), since 1624
- Dominicans (O.P.), since 1660
- Society of Jesus (S.J.), 1680-1757, 1842-1859 and since 1872
After Uruguay was established as an independent country, several other religious orders established their own missions in Uruguay:
- Conventual Franciscans (O.F.M.Conv.)
- Betharram Fathers, known also as "Padres Bayoneses" (S.C.I. di Béth.), since 1856
- Salesians of Don Bosco (S.D.B.), since 1877
- Sisters of Adoration (R.A.), known also as "Adoratrices", since 1885
- Sisters of Christian Charity, known also as "Hermanas Alemanas" (S.C.C.), since 1885
- Pallottine Fathers (S.A.C.), since 1886
- Brothers of the Holy Family of Belley (F.S.F.), since 1889
- Vicentians (C.M.), since 1892
- Capuchin Sisters of Mother Rubatto (S.C.M.R.), since 1892
- Claretians (C.M.F.), since 1896
- Oblates of St. Francis de Sales (O.S.F.S.), since 1896
- Discalced Carmelites (O.C.D.), since 1912
- Dominican Sisters of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin, or simply "Dominicas" (D.A.), since 1913
- Sons of Divine Providence (F.D.P.), since 1921
- Maronite Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary (O.M.M.), since 1924
- Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (O.M.I.), since 1929.
- Augustinians (O.S.A.), since 1932
- Marist Brothers (F.M.S.), since 1934
- Brothers of the Sacred Heart, known also as "Corazonistas" (S.C.), since 1935
- Dehonians (S.C.I.), since 1940
- Passionists (C.P.), since 1940
- Brothers of Christian Instruction (F.I.C.P.), known also as "Menesianos", since 1951
- Religious of Jesus and Mary (R.J.M.), since 1952
- Christian Brothers (C.F.C.), since 1955
- Opus Dei, since 1956
- Sisters Hospitaller of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (H.S.C.), since 1961
- Scalabrinians (C.S.), since 1970
- Missionaries of Charity (M.C.), since 1991
- Visitandines (V.S.M.)
- Brothers of Our Lady of Mercy, known as "Misericordistas" (F.D.M.)
- Poor Servants of Divine Providence (P.S.D.P.)
- Salesian Sisters of Don Bosco (F.M.A.)
Notable Uruguayan Roman Catholic religious leaders
- Dámaso Antonio Larrañaga (1771–1848), naturalist and first Apostolic Vicar of Uruguay
- Juan Francisco Larrobla (1775–1842), theologian and patriot, writer of the Declaration of the Independence
- José Benito Monterroso (1780–1838), secretary of the national hero José Artigas
- José Benito Lamas (1787–1857), patriot and lecturer
- Manuel Barreiro (1787–1838), patriot and constituent
- Lorenzo Antonio Fernández (1792–1852), constituent and rector of the University
- Servant of God Jacinto Vera (1813–1881), first Bishop of Montevideo
- Blessed Francisca Rubatto (1844–1905), founder of the Capuchin Sisters of Mother Rubatto
- Mariano Soler (1846–1908), first Archbishop of Montevideo
- Antonio Barbieri, OFM Cap (1892–1979), first Uruguayan cardinal
- Juan Luis Segundo, S.J. (1925–1996), liberation theologian
- Rubén Isidro Alonso, S.D.B. (1929-1992), streetwise priest
- Gonzalo Aemilius (born 1978), principal of the Liceo Jubilar
- Episcopal Conference of Uruguay
- List of Roman Catholic dioceses in Uruguay
- List of Uruguayan Roman Catholic clerics
- "Roman Catholic Church in Uruguay". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- "Wedding with God" (in Spanish). EL PAIS. 4 August 2013.
- "Institutes of consecrated life in Montevideo" (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 March 2013.
- History of the Franciscans in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Province of the Friars Minor Capuchin in the River Plate (Spanish)
- Dominicans in Uruguay (Spanish)
- History of the Society of Jesus in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Río de la Plata Province of the Conventual Franciscans (Spanish)
- "The Basque Fathers" (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 May 2013.
- Salesians in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Sisters of Adoration in Uruguay
- Sisters of Christian Charity in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Pallottine Fathers in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Brothers of the Holy Family in Montevideo
- History of the Vicentians (Spanish)
- Mother Rubatto in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Claretians in Uruguay (Spanish)
- OSFS in Uruguay
- Carmelites in Uruguay
- Dominican Sisters in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Don Orione in Uruguay (Italian)
- Don Orione in the world (Spanish)
- "Maronite Church in Uruguay" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 April 2013.
- Oblates in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Augustinians in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Marist Brothers in Uruguay
- Marist Brothers in the world
- Brothers of the Sacred Heart in Montevideo
- Dehonians in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Passionists in Uruguay (Spanish)
- De la Mennais Brothers in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Religious of Jesus and Mary in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Christian Brothers in Montevideo (Spanish)
- Opus Dei in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Province of the Sisters Hospitaller (Spanish)
- Scalabrinians in Montevideo (Spanish)
- Missionaries of Charity in Uruguay (Spanish)
- Brothers of Our Lady of Mercy in Uruguay (Spanish)
- "Aemilius reencounters Pope Francis" (in Spanish). El Observador. 2013-03-18.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Catholicism in Uruguay.|
- "Roman Catholic Church in Uruguay". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- Episcopal Conference of Uruguay (Spanish)