Roman Gribbs

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Roman Gribbs
Roman S. Gribbs.jpg
Judge of the Michigan Court of Appeals
In office
January 1, 1983 – January 1, 2001
65th Mayor of Detroit
In office
January 6, 1970 – January 1, 1974
Preceded byJerome Cavanagh
Succeeded byColeman Young
Wayne County Sheriff
In office
1968–1969
Preceded byPeter L. Buback
Succeeded byWilliam Lucas
Personal details
Born
Roman Stanley Gribbs

(1925-12-29)December 29, 1925
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.
DiedApril 5, 2016(2016-04-05) (aged 90)
Northville, Michigan, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Katherine Stratis (m. 1954–1982)

Leola Young Barr (m. 1990–2016)
Children5
Alma materUniversity of Detroit
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service1944–1948
Battles/warsWorld War II

Roman Stanley Gribbs (December 29, 1925 – April 5, 2016) was an American politician who served as the Mayor of Detroit from 1970 to 1974.[1] Later, Gribbs served as a judge on the Michigan Court of Appeals.[2] Gribbs was the last white mayor of the city, which was in the midst of becoming a majority-black city, until the election of Mike Duggan in 2013.

Life and career[edit]

Gribbs was born in Detroit on December 29, 1925.[3] He was raised on a farm near Capac, Michigan.[4] His parents were Polish immigrants who were basically farmers, though his father also worked on the Ford assembly line. After graduating from high school in 1944,[3] Gribbs served in the Army until 1948.[3] He graduated from the University of Detroit in 1952 with a degree in economics and accounting,[3] and received a law degree from the same institution in 1954.[3] He was an instructor at the university from 1955 through 1957,[3] and became an assistant prosecutor in 1957, a position he held until 1964.[3][4] He entered private practice in 1964,[3] and ran for a seat as a Recorder's Court judge in 1966, but lost.[4]

In 1968, Gribbs was appointed sheriff of Wayne County, later winning a full four-year term.[4] However, in 1969 he was elected mayor of Detroit,[3] defeating opponent Richard H. Austin who later became Michigan Secretary of State. Rather than residing in the Manoogian Mansion, official residence of the mayor of Detroit, Gribbs maintained residence in Rosedale Park Historic District (Detroit, Michigan), a neighborhood in northwest Detroit. In 1969, Gribbs created the Stop the Robberies, Enjoy Safe Streets (STRESS), a secret and elite police unit.

STRESS used a tactic called "decoy operation," where a police officer tried to entrap potential criminals in an undercover sting. From its inception, STRESS all but ignored white criminals, instead focusing their operations on black communities. STRESS increased confrontations between the black community and police. For example, during its first year of operation the Detroit Police Department had the "highest number of civilian killings per capita of any American police department." The unit was accused of conducting 500 raids without the use of search warrants and killing 20 people within 30 months.

In 1973, Gribbs declined to seek re-election[5] and was replaced by Coleman Young who was elected Detroit's first African-American mayor in November of that year.

After leaving the mayor's office, Gribbs returned to private practice.[3] Gribbs became a circuit court judge in 1975.[2] He was elected to the Michigan Court of Appeals in 1982,[2] upon which he served until his retirement in 2001.[5] Gribbs retired to Northville in suburban Detroit, and conducted private practice in mediation and arbitration. He was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Piast Institute, a research center devoted to Polish and Polish American affairs.[5][6]

Personal life[edit]

Gribbs was married to Katherine Stratis (1932–2011) from 1954 to 1982, and together they had four daughters (Paula, Carla, Rebecca, Elizabeth) and one son (Christopher). In 1990, he married Leola Young Barr.Lee had two children by a previous marriage, Robert Brent Barr, deceased and Dr Michelle Barr. Gribbs died on April 5, 2016 at his home in Northville, Michigan from cancer, aged 90.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Simpson, Victor L. (6 November 1969). "Candidates win without 'law and order' issue". Rock Hill Herald. AP. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  2. ^ a b c Benac, Nancy (3 November 1982). "Dem Victories Cost Women Their Seat on High Court". Argus-Press. AP. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "JUDGES OF THE COURT OF APPEALS", 1999–2000 Michigan Manual (PDF), Legislative Council, State of Michigan, p. 585, ISBN 1-878210-06-8
  4. ^ a b c d "Meet Roman Gribbs, New Detroit Mayor". The Windsor Star. Nov 5, 1969.
  5. ^ a b c "Biographies of Piast Institute Staff, Directors and Fellows: Hon. Roman H. Gribbs". Piast Institute. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  6. ^ "The Mission and History of Piast Institute". Piast Institute. Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  7. ^ Ferretti, Christine (5 April 2016). "Ex-Detroit Mayor Roman Gribbs dies at age 90". The Detroit News.
Political offices
Preceded by
Jerome Cavanagh
Mayor of Detroit
January 6, 1970 – January 1, 1974
Succeeded by
Coleman Young