|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Location||Trier, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany#Amphitheatre|
|Criteria||Cultural: (i), (iii), (iv), (vi)|
|Inscription||1986 (10th Session)|
The Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier are buildings and monuments of particular historical importance in Trier, Germany, that were together listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986. These sites demonstrate the political, economic, and historical importance of Trier during the Roman Empire as one of the four capital during the Tetrarchy period, and as a prominent city during the early days of the Holy Roman Empire in the Middle Ages.
"Trier is an example of a large Roman capital after the division of the empire. The remains of the Imperial Palace, in addition to the Aula Palatina and the Imperial Thermae, are impressive in their dimensions. The city bears exceptional testimony to Roman civilization owing to the density and the quality of the monuments preserved: the bridge, the remains of the fortified wall, thermae, amphitheatre, storehouses, etc. In particular, funerary art and the craftsmanship of potters, glassworkers, and moneyers flourished in the city."
In 2009, the site was featured on a golden 100-Euro coin.
Nine locations in Trier are listed as part of the World Heritage Site:
- Amphitheatre, built in the mid-2nd century and accommodating up to 20,000 people
- Moselle Bridge:
- Barbara Baths
- Igel Column: a burial monument erected in the 3rd century
- Porta Nigra: the northern gate to the Roman city
- Imperial Baths: incomplete baths that were constructed in the 4th century.
- Aula Palatina (Basilica): An early Christian basilica built in the early 4th century.
- Cathedral: The oldest church in Germany
- Church of Our Lady (Liebfrauenkirche): A Gothic cathedral built in the 13th century.
Trier Roman Amphitheatre
Trier Barbara Baths
Trier Porta Nigra
Trier Imperial Baths
Trier Basilica of Constantine
Augusta Treverorum City Plan
- "Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 22 May 2022.
- ""UNESCO-Welterbe-Dom zu Speyer" prägt 100-Euro-Goldmünze". Deutsche Welle (in German). 12 December 2018. Retrieved 6 February 2022.
Die Münzserie begann 2002 mit der ersten Goldmünze in Euro-Währung...In den Folgejahren wurden Weltkulturerbestätten in Deutschland als Motiv verwendet:..UNESCO Welterbe - Römische Baudenkmäler Dom und Liebfrauenkirche in Trier (2009)(The coin series started in 2002 with the first gold coin in euro currency...In the years that followed, World Heritage Sites in Germany were used as motifs:...UNESCO World Heritage - Roman monuments Cathedral and Church of Our Lady in Trier (2009)