List of Latin names of countries

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This list includes the Roman names of countries, or significant regions, known to the Roman Empire.

Latin Name English Name
Achaea[1] Greece
Africa[2] Tunisia
Aegyptus[3] Egypt
Aethiopia Sub-Saharan Africa
Albania Georgia, Azerbaijan
Anatolia[4] Turkey (East)
Anglia England
Arabia[3] Arabian peninsula
Ariana Afghanistan, Iran (East) and Central Asia (West)
Armenia Armenia
Armorica[5] Brittany
Asia Turkey (West)
Baetica[6] Andalusia
Batavia Part of the Netherlands
Belgae[3] Belgium and the Netherlands
Bithynia Turkey (North West)
Bohemia Bohemia
Borussia Prussia
Britannia[3] Britain
Caledonia[3] Scotland
Cambria Wales
Cilicia Turkey (South East)
Colchis Georgia (Western)
Cornubia Cornwall
Creta[3] Crete
Cyprus Cyprus
Cyrenaica Libya (East)
Dacia Romania, Moldova
Dalmatia[7] Montenegro
Dania Denmark
Dalmatia Croatia (South), Bosnia and Herzegovina (West and South)
D(i)ocle(ti)a Montenegro
Epirus Epirus: composed of the Albanian South and Greek Epirus
Finnia Finland
Foenicia or Phoenicia Lebanon
Formosa Taiwan
Galatia Turkey (Central)
Gallaecia Galicia and Portugal (North)
Gallia[3] France
Germania[8] Germany
Graecia[3] Greece
Helvetia[9] Switzerland
Hibernia[10] Ireland
Hispania[3] Spain
Hungaria Hungary
Iberia[3] Iberian peninsula
Iberia Georgia (Eastern)
India India and the Indian subcontinent
Islandia Iceland
Illyria, Illyricum Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina (South), Serbia (South West), Montenegro, Albania (North West)
Italia[3] Mainland Italy
Iudaea[3] Judea, Israel
Lappia Lapland
Lechia, Polonia Poland
Libani Lebanon
Libya Libya (Eastern), Egypt (Western)
Lituania Belarus, Lithuania
Livonia Estonia and Latvia
Lusitania Portugal (Central and South)
Macedonia Macedonia, Greek Macedonia
Mauretania Morocco (North), Algeria (North West)
Melitae, Melitensium, Melitensis Malta
Moesia Bulgaria, Serbia
Moravia Moravia
Noricum mainly Austria (South) and Slovenia (North)
Norvegia Norway
Numidia Algeria (North East)
Palaestina Palestine
Pannonia Hungary, Croatia (North), Slovenia (North East)
Parthia[3] Iran
Phoenicia Lebanon
Pontus Turkey (North East)
Raetia Switzerland (North)
Ruthenia Russia, Ukraine, Belarus
Sarmatia Eastern Europe: Poland, Ukraine, Russia
Scandinavia Scandinavian peninsula
Scotia Ireland, Scotland
Scythia Ukraine, South Russia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan (East), Turkmenistan (North)
Scythia Minor Dobruja
Seres, Sinae China
Sicilia[3] Sicily
Silesia Silesia
Suecia Sweden
Syria Syria
Taprobane Sri Lanka
Tarraconensis Spain (North East)
Thracia Greece, Bulgaria, Turkey
Tingitana Morocco
Tripolitania Libya

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bunson, M. (1995) A Dictionary of the Roman Empire p.1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-510233-9. Retrieved November 2011
  2. ^ Raven, S. (1993) Rome in Africa p.xxvi. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-08150-5. Retrieved November 2011
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Heimbach, E. (2010) A Roman Map Workbook p.26. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. ISBN 0-86516-726-5 Retrieved November 2011
  4. ^ Stafford-Deitsch, J. & Freely, J. (2010) Kingdoms of Ruin: The Art and Architectural Splendours of Ancient Turkey p.vii. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 1-84511-799-9. Retrieved November 2011
  5. ^ Bunson, M. (1995) p.172.
  6. ^ Bunson, M. (2002) Encyclopedia of the Roman empire p.62. Infobase Publishing ISBN 0-8160-4562-3 Retrieved November 2011
  7. ^ Longley, N. (2009) The Rough Guide to Montenegro p.163. Dorling Kindersley Ltd. ISBN 1-85828-771-5. Retrieved November 2011
  8. ^ Bunson, M. (1995) p.424.
  9. ^ Burgan, M. (2009) Empire of Ancient Rome p.141. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 1-60413-159-4. Retrieved November 2011
  10. ^ Bunson, M. (1995) p.206.

External links[edit]