Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest

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Romania
Romania
Member stationTVR
National selection events
National final
  • Selecția Națională
  • 1994
  • 1998
  • 2000
  • 2002–2019
  • 2020 (song)
  • 2022
Internal selection
  • 2020 (artist)
  • 2021
Participation summary
Appearances22 (19 finals)
First appearance1994
Highest placement3rd: 2005, 2010
External links
TVR's official website
Romania's page at Eurovision.tv
Song contest current event.png For the most recent participation see
Romania in the Eurovision Song Contest 2022

Romania has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 22 times since its debut in 1994, and has placed in the top ten six times. Its best results were achieved by Luminița Anghel and Sistem in 2005, and by Paula Seling and Ovi in 2010, who both finished in third place. Selecția Națională,[a] a song contest that has been taking place every year[b] in Romania except for 2021, has been used to select the country's entry for the Eurovision Song Contest. The later year saw Romania conducting an internal selection.

In 1993, the year before its first appearance, Romania attempted to debut in the contest, but came last in the pre-qualifying round. After successfully joining the following year, poor placements followed until 2002, resulting in relegation several times. This changed with the introduction of semi-finals to the contest in 2004, after which Romania reached the final 14 times, failing to qualify from the semi-finals in 2018, 2019 and 2021.

In 2016, the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) suspended broadcaster Televiziunea Română (TVR) from all EBU member services due to repeated non-payment of debts, which in turn disqualified its entry from participating in the contest. In 2020, despite having selected a representative, the nation was unable to take part due to the contest's coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related cancellation.

Contest history[edit]

A man and a woman sitting at a table and smiling at the camera.
Paula Seling and Ovi (pictured) placed third with their 2010 entry "Playing with Fire".[2]

After having had broadcast the contest several times during the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s and early 1990s,[3][4][5][6] Romania unsuccessfully attempted to debut in the 1993 contest, selecting "Nu pleca" by Dida Drăgan for the pre-qualifying round Preselection for Millstreet (Slovene: Kvalifikacija za Millstreet); Drăgan came in last place.[7] A non-qualification was also achieved in 1996 when there was a pre-qualifier for all countries excluding hosts Norway.[8][9] The Eurovision site does not count either year in Romania's list of appearances.[2] The country's first official participation occurred in 1994 when Dan Bittman's "Dincolo de nori" placed 21st in the contest's final. The following years saw similar low placements and non-participations in 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2001.[2]

Romania's first top ten result was achieved in 2002, when Monica Anghel and Marcel Pavel finished ninth with their song "Tell Me Why". The country placed within the top 20 every year from 2004 to 2015, claiming third place in 2005 with "Let Me Try" by Luminița Anghel and Sistem. As of 2022, this remains Romania's best result in the contest, alongside Paula Seling and Ovi's 2010 entry "Playing with Fire", which also finished third. Since 2010, the country's only other top ten placement was in 2017, when Ilinca and Alex Florea reached seventh place with "Yodel It!".[2] 2019 was broadcaster Televiziunea Română's (TVR) first year to significantly invest in a performance; the costs for the use of graphics and special effects during the show for Ester Peony's "On a Sunday" amounted to 100,000 euros.[10][11] Romania had previously introduced the first ever use of holograms at Eurovision in 2014.[12]

Romania has participated in the contest 22 times, having qualified for the final 14 times since the introduction of the semi-finals in 2004, failing to qualify in 2018, 2019 and 2021.[2] In 2016 the European Broadcasting Union (EBU) suspended TVR from all EBU member services due to the repeated non-payment of debts and the threat of insolvency. This in turn disqualified their 2016 entry, "Moment of Silence" sung by Ovidiu Anton from participating in the contest.[13][14] It led to strong reactions against the decision from several observers.[15][16] Although TVR had selected Roxen to perform "Alcohol You" in 2020,[17] the contest was cancelled due to the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China and its spread to other countries.[18] Roxen was internally selected for 2021 nonetheless, performing "Amnesia".[19][20]

Selection process and accolades[edit]

Selecția Națională,[a] a song contest which has been taking place every year in Romania except for 2021, has been used to select its entry for the contest. The first edition was held in 1993, with the winner chosen by 1100 households in the country.[7] Since then, several voting procedures have been used, often combining televoting with the votes of a jury panel.[23][24][25] The selection of the winner either occurred during one show,[26] or through a varying amount of semi-finals.[24][27] For the first time, a part of Romania's entry was determined internally in 2020. Roxen was selected by TVR out of exclusive partner Global Records's roster, and was appointed five songs for a jury and the public to choose from.[28][29][30][1] The broadcaster and the label also collaborated the following year for the internal selection of Roxen and her entry.[31][32]

In 2008, Nico and Vlad won Romania's first and only Marcel Bezençon Award for "Pe-o margine de lume", in the Composer Award category,[33] and Sanda received the infamous Barbara Dex Award in 2004.[34] A number of Romania's Eurovision entries have experienced commercial success over the years. While "Let Me Try" reached number nine on the Romanian Top 100,[35] 2006's "Tornerò" by Mihai Trăistariu peaked within the top ten in Finland and Greece.[36][37] Elena's "The Balkan Girls" topped the Romanian chart in 2009, and similar success was attained by Mandinga's "Zaleilah" in 2012, obtaining number two in the country's Airplay 100 ranking and a Gold certification for digital downloads exceeding 10,000 copies in Romania.[38][39]

Participation overview[edit]

Table key
1 Winner
2 Second place
3 Third place
Last place
X Entry selected but did not compete
Upcoming
Year Entrant Song Language Final Points Semi Points
1993 Dida Drăgan "Nu pleca" Romanian Failed to qualify X 7 ◁ 38
1994 Dan Bittman "Dincolo de nori" Romanian 21 14 No semi-finals
1996 Monica Anghel and Sincron "Rugă pentru pacea lumii" Romanian Failed to qualify X 29 ◁ 11
1998 Mălina Olinescu "Eu cred" Romanian 22 6 No semi-finals
2000 Taxi "The Moon" English 17 25
2002 Monica Anghel and Marcel Pavel "Tell Me Why" English 9 71
2003 Nicola "Don't Break My Heart" English 10 73
2004 Sanda "I Admit" English 18 18 Top 11 previous year[c]
2005 Luminița Anghel and Sistem "Let Me Try" English 3 158 1 235
2006 Mihai Trăistariu "Tornerò" English, Italian 4 172 Top 11 previous year[c]
2007 Todomondo "Liubi, Liubi, I Love You" English, Italian, Spanish, Russian, French, Romanian 13 84 Top 10 previous year[c]
2008 Nico and Vlad "Pe-o margine de lume" Romanian, Italian 20 45 7 94
2009 Elena "The Balkan Girls" English 19 40 9 67
2010 Paula Seling and Ovi "Playing with Fire" English 3 162 4 104
2011 Hotel FM "Change" English 17 77 4 111
2012 Mandinga "Zaleilah" Spanish, English 12 71 3 120
2013 Cezar "It's My Life" English 13 65 5 83
2014 Paula Seling and Ovi "Miracle" English 12 72 2 125
2015 Voltaj "De la capăt (All Over Again)" Romanian, English 15 35 5 89
2016 Ovidiu Anton "Moment of Silence" English Disqualified X
2017 Ilinca and Alex Florea "Yodel It!" English 7 282 6 174
2018 The Humans "Goodbye" English Failed to qualify 11 107
2019 Ester Peony "On a Sunday" English 13 71
2020 Roxen "Alcohol You" English Contest cancelled X
2021 Roxen "Amnesia" English Failed to qualify 12 85
2022 WRS "Llámame" English[d] 18 65 9 118

Related involvement[edit]

Heads of delegation[edit]

The public broadcaster of each participating country in the Eurovision Song Contest assigns a head of delegation as the EBU's contact person and the leader of their delegation at the event. The delegation, whose size can greatly vary, includes a head of press, the contestants, songwriters, composers and backing vocalists, among others.[41]

Year Head of delegation Ref.
2000 Dan Manoliu [42]
2002
2003 [43]
2004 [44]
2005 [45]
2006 [46]
2007 [47]
2008 Ioan Duma [48]
2009 Dan Manoliu [49]
2010 Marina Almăşan [50]
2011 [51]
2012 Dan Manoliu [52]
2013 [53]
2014 Liana Stanciu [54]
2015 [55]
2016 Iuliana Marciuc [56]
2017 [57]
2018 [57]
2019 Smaranda Vornicu-Shalit [57]
2020 Liana Stanciu [29]
2021 [31]
2022 Iuliana Marciuc [58]

Stage directors[edit]

The appointed stage directors are responsible for directing the country's live performance, for camerawork and for the visuals used.[59]

Year Stage director Ref.
2009 Bobo Bărbulescu [60]
2015 Daniel Klinger [61]
2018 Petre Năstase [62][63]
2019
2021 Bogdan Păun /
Dan Manoliu
[64]
2022 Aurel Badea [65]

Jury members[edit]

A five-member jury panel consisting of music industry professionals is made up for every participating country for the semi-finals and final of the Eurovision Song Contest, ranking all entries except for their own country's contribution. The juries' votes constitute 50% of the overall result alongside televoting.[66]

Year 1st member 2nd member 3rd member 4th member 5th member Ref.
2014 Mădălin Voicu Mirela Fugaru Mihai Stoica Alexandru Călin Geambasu Nico [67]
2015 Viorel Gavrilă Mihai Pocorschi Ovi Anca Lupeș Alexandra Cepraga [68]
2017 Luminița Anghel Mihai Trăistariu Tavi Colen Paula Seling Cezar [69]
2018 Nicu Patoi Anca Lupeș Sanda Cepraga Gabriel Cotabiță Mihai Alexandru [70]
2019 Ozana Barabancea Liana Stanciu Monica Anghel Andrei Kerestely Bogdan Pavlică [71]
2021 DJ Andy Ilinca Liviu Teodorescu Luminița Anghel Răzvan Popescu [72]
2022[e] Sanda Ladoși Luminiţa Anghel Ovi Jacobsen Liviu Elekeş Mihai Pocorschi [75]

Commentators and spokespersons[edit]

For the show's broadcast on TVR,[2] various commentators and dual commentators have been hired throughout the years, with Leonard Miron notably having done the job on seven occasions.[76] At Eurovision, after all points are calculated, the presenters of the show call upon each voting country to invite their respective spokesperson to announce the results of their vote on-screen.[77]

Year Commentator Dual commentator Spokesperson Refs.
1994 Gabriela Cristea None Cristina Țopescu [78][79]
1998 Leonard Miron Anca Țurcașiu [76][80]
1999 Did not participate [76]
2000 Andreea Marin [76][81]
2001 Unknown Did not participate [76]
2002 Unknown Leonard Miron [82]
2003 [83]
2004 Andreea Marin [84]
2005 Berti Barbera [85]
2006 Andreea Marin Bănică [86]
2007 [87]
2008 Leonard Miron Unknown Alina Sorescu [76][88]
2009 Unknown [89]
2010 Leonard Miron Gianina Corondan Malvina Cservenschi [76][90][91]
2011 Liana Stanciu Bogdan Pavlică [92][93]
2012 Leonard Miron Gianina Corondan Paula Seling [76][94][95]
2013 Liana Stanciu None Sonia Argint-Ionescu [96][97][98]
2014 Unknown [99][98]
2015 [77][98]
2017 Liana Stanciu Radu Andrei Tudor [100][101][98]
2018 Liliana Ștefan [102][103][98]
2019 Liana Stanciu Bogdan Stănescu Ilinca [104][105]
2021 Bogdan Stănescu None Cătălina Ponor [106][107]
2022 Kyrie Mendél None[f] [110]

Conductors[edit]

In contests where an orchestra was provided, a conductor was required to lead the musicians during each country's performance. Broadcasters were able to provide their own conductors, or could call upon the services of the conductor appointed by the host broadcaster.[111] For 1993's Kvalifikacija za Millstreet pre-selection round, George Natsis conducted the Romanian entry.[112] In 1994 and 1998, Irish host conductor Noel Kelehan and Romanian conductor Adrian Romcescu – also the composer of "Eu cred" – were hired, respectively.[113][114]

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pronounced [seˈlekt͡si.a nat͡si.oˈnalə], meaning "The National Selection". The contest is sometimes referred to by local media and TVR as Eurovision România.[21][22]
  2. ^ Only the song was chosen through Selecția Națională in 2020, with the artist having been internally selected.[1]
  3. ^ a b c According to the then-Eurovision rules, the top ten non-Big Four countries from the previous year along with the Big Four automatically qualified for the final without having to compete in semi-finals. For example, if two Big Four countries were placed inside the top ten, the 11th and 12th spots would be advanced to next year's final, along with all countries ranked in the top ten.[40]
  4. ^ Contains two repeated phrases in Spanish, with one being the song's title.
  5. ^ The results of the Romanian jury were not taken into consideration for the contest's second semi-final and final since the EBU detected alleged "irregular voting patterns" in them. As a result, Romania was given a "substitute aggregated result" based on countries with similar voting patterns.[73][74]
  6. ^ Eda Marcus was supposed to announce Romania's results during the final, however she was replaced by the EBU with the contest's executive supervisor Martin Österdahl due to alleged technical difficulties. Contradictory to the EBU, TVR claimed that no technical difficulties had occurred during the jury voting segment of the final.[108][109]

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