On 1 October, Romanian national television announced that the national final would take place on the New Year's Eve show (31 December). 13 acts were to complete in a televised show. The deadline for entries was set for 5 November. On November 15, TVR published the 13 songs along with videos produced by the broadcaster. The national final winner was to be declared by jury and televoting. Johnny Logan was appointed as head of the jury.
Paula Seling, Ovi, the 2010 Romanian representatives and Gianina Corondan, hosted the national final.
The winning composer was awarded this time a BMW 3 Series (E90). It was for the second year that the national selection winner - the composer - received a car.
During a press conference held by TVR, 13 finalists were announced. The draw of the running order took place at Marina Almasan-Socaciu's TV show, Ne vedem la TVR!, on 20 November. Although leading the televoting Distinto, Ianna & Anthony Icuagu didn't win the jury votes, so they won't win the ticket to the Eurovision Song Contest 2011. The winner was Hotel FM with the song "Change.
A special concert took place on April 9 in Bucharest. Four Eurovision contestants performed their entries live at the Nichita Stanescu hall. The concert was broadcast live by TVR 1 and TVR International while a live webcast was provided by Esctoday.com. Kati Wolf, the Hungarian entry, was also invited, but she was busy, and couldn't perform at this special concert.
Romania competed in the second half of the second semi-final of the contest, on 12 May. It qualified for the great final, with a total of 111 points (the fourth country). During the 14 May final, Romanian performed the 17th and ended up on the same position, in a tie with Russia, with a total of 77 points. It received the maximum 12 points from Moldova and Italy, 10 points from Belgium, 8 points from Spain, 6 points from: Bulgaria, Azerbaijan and Israel, 5 points from Turkey, 4 points from Netherlands and Denmark and 1 point from Austria, Hungary, Ireland and Estonia.