Romanian concession in Sarandë

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Romanian concession in Sarandë
Concesiunea română în Saranda
Koncesioni rumun në Sarandë
Foreign concession of
Kingdom of Romania
1934–1939
CapitalSarandë
DemonymSarandiot (M)
Sarandiote (F)
  (Albanian)
Area
 • Coordinates39°52.5′N 20°0.6′E / 39.8750°N 20.0100°E / 39.8750; 20.0100
 
• 
29.8 km2 (11.5 sq mi)
Historical eraInterwar Period
• Established
13 August 1934
• Disestablished
7 April 1939
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Albanian Kingdom
Italian protectorate of Albania
Today part ofAlbania

The Romanian concession in Sarandë (Romanian: Concesiunea română în Saranda; Albanian: Koncesioni rumun në Sarandë) was a territory in the Albanian town of Sarandë administered by Romania between 13 August 1934 and 7 April 1939.

The territory, with a coastline on the Adriatic, was awarded in 1934 by King Zog of Albania to the Romanian historian and politician Nicolae Iorga, in recognition for the latter's entire scholarly activity on Albanian history.[1]

On 13 August 1934, Iorga donated half of this territory to the Romanian State, thus granting Romania an overseas territory and a coast on the Adriatic.[2][3]

Within the concession, a Romanian Institute was founded in 1937. The building of the Institute was designed by the Romanian architect Petre Antonescu. The Institute functioned between 1937 and 1940, then again between 1942 and 1944.[4][5]

The concession was acquired by Romania through soft power, and thus elements of the Romanian Armed Forces were never deployed to the area. The territory was ultimately conquered by Italy, along with all of Albania, in April 1939.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mustafa Türkeş, Türk Tarih Kurumu, 2014, 100. yılında Balkan Savaşları (1912-1913): ihtilaflı duruşlar, p. 409
  2. ^ Constantin Hamangiu, George Alexianu, Impt. Centrală, 1938, Codul general al României: (Codurile, legile și regulamentele în vigoare) Intocmit după textele oficiale, Volume 26, Part 2, p. 1318 (in Romanian)
  3. ^ Virgil Cândea, Editura Enciclopedică, 1998, Mărturii româneşti peste hotare: mică enciclopedie de creaţii româneşti şi de izvoare despre Români în colecţii din străinătate. India - Olanda : supliment Albania - Grecia, Volume 2, p. 2 (in Romanian)
  4. ^ Mustafa Türkeş, Türk Tarih Kurumu, 2014, 100. yılında Balkan Savaşları (1912-1913): ihtilaflı duruşlar, p. 409
  5. ^ Virgil Cândea, Editura Enciclopedică, 1998, Mărturii româneşti peste hotare: mică enciclopedie de creaţii româneşti şi de izvoare despre Români în colecţii din străinătate. India - Olanda : supliment Albania - Grecia, Volume 2, p. 2 (in Romanian)