Romanian general election, 1939

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Romanian general election, 1939
Kingdom of Romania
← 1937 1-2 June 1939 1946 →

All 258 seats to the Chamber of Deputies
88 seats in the Senate
  Majority party
  Armand Calinescu.jpg
Leader Armand Călinescu
Party FRN
Seats won 258 C / 88 S
Seat change - C / - S
Popular vote 1,587,514
Percentage 100%

Prime Minister before election

Armand Călinescu
National Renaissance Front

Subsequent Prime Minister

Armand Călinescu
National Renaissance Front

General elections were held in Romania in June 1939.[1] The Chamber of Deputies was elected on 1 June, whilst the Senate was elected a day later.[1] They were the first since the introduction of the royal dictatorship of King Carol II under the 1938 constitution. Voters were presented with a single list from the National Renaissance Front, which had been the only legally permitted party in Romania since December.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

The new electoral system saw voters elect candidates in eleven constituencies.[3] Within the constituencies voters and candidates were divided into groups based on their occupations, and could only vote or stand in those groups.[3] Each constituency having between five and ten seats per occupational group.[3] The number of seats for each group was the same in every constituency even if the number of voters was different, leading to the over-representation of some groups, including the Industry and Commerce group.[3] Voters had as many votes as there were seats available.[3] The number of seats in the Chamber of Deputies was reduced from 387 to 258, whilst the number of seats in the Senate awarded through elections fell from 113 to 88.[4]

The voting age was also raised from 21 to 30,[3] with franchise limited to literate men and women who were effectively working in agriculture, commerce or industry or had an intellectual occupation. Opposition parties were banned.[5]

Results[edit]

Party Chamber Senate
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
National Renaissance Front 1,587,514 100 258 88
Invalid/blank votes 78,045
Total 1,665,559 100 258 88
Registered voters/turnout
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1591 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1603
  3. ^ a b c d e f Nohlen & Stöver, p1582
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, pp1610-1611
  5. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1580